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Katherine Allum

on 25 July 2015

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Transcript of media

Does the media promote a negative self-image for men and women?
Self-image is how one looks at his- or herself or what you think about yourself. Now a days, technology has blossomed into something many people cannot live without, whether it be the internet, television, or even a magazine.

The media promotes a negative self-image for men and women.

The media makes it seem like both men and women have to look and act a certain way to be accepted within society. Because of these expectations, people start to lower their self-esteem and they do everything they can to fit into the media's ideals without realizing that they are harming themselves.
By: Monika P, Darien N, and Katherine A
Social media is hard to avoid, mainly because it has become the primary form of communication.

Looking at all these beautiful people and their idealistic bodies can make someone question themselves. Am I pretty enough? Skinny enough? Tall enough? Smart enough?

The fact that social media has become so popular with teenagers is especially problematic. These are the years where our confidence can either rise or drop. And social media just makes it worse because it contains all these picture of models who are skinny or buff.

When we look at ourselves, we compare
ourselves to others and wish that we looked
like them.
Newspapers and Magazines
There are many different ways as to how men and women are portrayed in magazines and newspapers. Men are made to always look strong, smart and dominant. While women are made to look attractive and fragile. Men and women are seen as very different people in magazines and are expected of different things.
What do we think when we look at women in magazines?
As a teenager you had to have at least looked at a couple of magazines. Now think about what made you look at the magazine in the first place: Why were you interested in it? It could have been how "perfect" the model looked or what clothes she had on.

We can think of the women in magazines as lucky because they appear perfect, but how much of that is true? These women are being judged on how marketable they look. Now a days, we don't know how much of the picture is true. For all we know, it could have been photoshopped. In the end, we still want to be like them because we will feel more loved and accepted and seen as beautiful.
What do we think when we look at men in magazines?
When we see men in magazines, we see them as "strong, sporty and a ladies' man". They are made to seem strong by having muscles. Also, the pictures are usually taken when they are beside something that shows how masculine they are . Also more in teen magazines they are shown as cool. There is a lot of Photoshop used for men also to make it look like they have more muscles or that they are taller and bigger. Many people are compared to the people in magazines and start to over think their flaws and go overboard with wanting more muscle.
Here are some ways as to how men and women are viewed in media today
In Magazines they rate clothesbbbbbbhbhbb
Who doesn't love a good selfie? They can make us feel more confident, but at the same time, make others less confident. The amount of likes and comments on a selfie can have a big effect on people because we measure our self worth according to the amount of likes or comments we receive from others. 53% of teenage girls say that pictures of themselves posted by others make them feel self-conscious and bad about themselves.
Editing Apps
Another thing about selfies are the filters that people pile on top of themselves to make their pictures look better. Many smartphones and apps now have built in filters to enhance a person's photo, whether it be a selfie or a flower. They can be used to whiten teeth or brighten eyes. When some people see these pictures, they think: Are my teeth as white as hers? Are my muscles as big as his? Fixing selfies, or putting them through "surgery", can make a person look at themselves and question their appearance. It all comes back to society and that the reason why people edit their selfies is so they can look the part of a "proper" male or female in this day and age.
The "Don't Judge Challenge" is a bunch of good looking people drawing on themselves to look "ugly". They draw unibrows, acne, and glasses on themselves with markers or makeup. This challenge is mainly supposed to show people to not judge a book by its cover, but it really just boosts the person's confidence so they know that they are attractive. For the others who have acne, glasses or unibrows, they look down on themselves, thinking that they shouldn't look the way they do now. By watching these videos, it is really easy for someone to develop a negative self-image because these people are emphasizing what is wrong with the body they were born in.
Hot or Not
Key Terms
is the idea, conception, or mental image one has of one’s abilities, appearance, and personality. Your self-image can be very different from how the world sees you.

is all about how much you feel you are worth — and how much you feel other people value you.

is a regard for one's own well-being and happiness.

Body image
is how you view your physical self — including whether you feel you are attractive and whether others like your looks.

Television and Movies
Television and movies are a large part of society’s media use.

This industry mainly features people who are slim or buff.The constant and regular exposure to these images makes us think that it is the “norm”.

The “ideals” shown are dangerous to our well-being.
The Personality Ideal
Self-image isn’t only about our physical appearance, but our personalities and how we act.

TV shows and movies may stereotype how we act. For example, an intelligent character may be considered “nerdy” or “unpopular”.

This promotes a negative self-image as it gives aspects of human personality a negative connotation.

This can negatively affect both women and men.
Image of Women and Men in Television and Movies
The common picture of a female on screen is “skinny, big breasted, tall, and tan”. Often, a woman's body is objectified and sexualized.

A very small number of women “average” or “above average” weight are on screen. Only 5% of women on screen are “overweight” and how these women are portrayed is very harming.
The common picture of a male on screen is “muscular, tall, tan, and tough”.

In many TV shows and movies, the characters that fit the media’s ideals are “popular” and “cool”.

Male characters that don't fit into the media's ideals are mocked and ridiculed.

Males are under pressure to avoid being "underweight" or "overweight" without seeming to care about how they look.
Characters that don’t fit into the media’s “ideal body” are constantly mocked and given a negative connotation.

Animated children’s movies are more likely to feature female characters that have thin waists and large chests than real life movies.
Advertisements play a large part in promoting a negative self-image, mainly concerning body image.

We are often advertised products that are used to alter our appearances in some way.

Advertising can impose a sense of inadequacy on young women's self-concepts.

The male body in advertisements have an impact on how males, especially developing males, perceive their own bodies.

Advertisers only care about gaining profits through making us feel inadequate.
Created in October 2000.

It is an app that allows people to rate the attractiveness of others.

This app makes people feel self-conscious because people are rating them according to what society deems "perfect" today.

The app was made for meeting people based on their looks.

Seeing posts about their bodies and appearance can cause us to have a negative self-image, making us want to look more like our idols.

We want that "perfect" hair, skin, eyes, and body these celebrities have, so we can be looked at as "attractive" within our society.

Not having these traits can cause men and women to go through drastic measures in order to obtain such a body or face. They may be forced into eating disorders to harm themselves.

Seeing these gorgeous celebrities that we love and adore make us feel small and unworthy of love because we don't look like they do.
Today, the media has created an image of what men and women should look like in today's society.

People who do not follow the set criteria of being “attractive” are automatically deemed "not worthy" of anything.

Men and women develop a negative self-image due to different types of media such as magazines, TV and movies, advertisements and social media.

Celebrities also play a big part, whether it be in social media, magazines or TV, because they are what the media lives on.
Photoshop has many negative effects on young people because it manipulates a person’s image, which can make someone think worse of themselves.

Having a negative self-image can lead many people to resort to harming themselves so they can fit the media’s ideals. It can lead to serious eating disorders or mental illnesses.
Katherine's research:
Roxby, Philippa. "Does Social Media Impact on Body Image? - BBC News." <i>BBC News</i>. N.p., 13 Oct. 2014. Web. 19 July 2015.
Schryver, Kelly. "When Selfie-Improvement Apps Go Too Far." <i>When Selfie-Improvement Apps Go Too Far</i>. N.p., 22 Apr. 2014. Web. 19 July 2015.
Knorr, Caroline. "Girls and Body Image." <i>Girls and Body Image</i>. N.p., 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 19 July 2015.
Knorr, Caroline. "Boys and Body Image." <i>Boys and Body Image</i>. N.p., 5 Jan. 2015. Web. 19 July 2015.

Darien's research:
Achtenberg, Benjie. "Media and the Moral Mind." (2012): n. pag. Web. <https://www.macalester.edu/educationreform/actionresearch/Achtenberg.pdf>.
"Body Image – Film and TV." MediaSmarts. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2015. <http://mediasmarts.ca/body-image/body-image-film-and-tv>.

Monika's research
"SlideShare." Representation of Gender - Women. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2015. <http://www.slideshare.net/aarchersimmons/representation-of-gender-29279099>.
"Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences." Kon. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2015. <http://www.kon.org/urc/v5/blaha.html>.
What gender comes into mind when you see these words?
When we look at magazines, we see so many pictures that we admire and many celebrities that we want to look like as since see them as "perfect". Even though there is Photoshop, we still seem to think that the pictures are not that different from reality. In the following videos we will see just how different it can be.
In magazines there are many different categories, like what kind of clothes they wear or what kind of weight they are. There are also categories on what kind of poses the model use.

Here are some of the different categories:

: Respectful is coded when the model has a normal body position, and is not flaunting her body in a "sexual way".

: The audience gets the feeling that the woman has power or authority by the way she is standing or the way her body is positioned near an object.

: A submissive pose is when the model's head is down, shoulders are rounded down and she does not appear confident.

: Is when majority of skin is showing or the body language is implying sex by placement of hands and pose of body.

Does the media promote a negative self-image for men and women?
Effects of the Image of Women and Men
The image of women and men that TV shows and movies portray has shown negative effects:

By the age of 7, girls are able to identify something they would like to change about their appearance.

Nearly 50% of girls between ages 9 and 12 wish they were thinner.

Boys – some as young as age 10 – are becoming obsessed with building a muscular physique. This can lead to unhealthy diets and use of pills/drugs.

Men with eating disorders increased by two-thirds between 2001 and 2011.
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