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Margaret Bourke-White

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Aubrey Grube

on 24 June 2015

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Transcript of Margaret Bourke-White

She grew up in New Jersey. Her mother, Minnie Bourke was of English-Irish decent and was finishing a college degree when she died. Margaret Bourke-White was born June 14th 1904 he was a naturalist, engineer and inventor She taught Margaret to always look for self improvement. Her interest in photography developed in Columbia College in New York after studying under Clarence White. Graduated from Cornell in 1927 She began a photography studio in Ohio where she focused on architectural and industrial photography She commonly shot at the Otis Steel company where she developed her persuasive skills Margaret Bourke-White In 1930, Margaret was the first photographer from the Western world allowed to work in the Soviet Union as she documented their rapid industrialization She was hired by Fortune magazine. Shortly after, Henry Luce of Life magazine hired her, the first woman photographer in its staff. Her father, Joseph White, came from an Othrodox Jewish family and was a strong belief in equal opportunity for his kids. Throughout the thirties, Margaret photographed dust bowl drought victims for Life She also traveled to Europe as the first female war correspondent in WWII where she experimented with soft focus a year later, She used a new style of magnesium flare which allowed her to capture the reds and oranges of heated metal because the film at the time was sensitive mainly to blue light. Her attention to contrast and juxtaposition of shapes is apparent, even in these earlier photos. The use of lighting and contrast in this photo in particular makes the subject pop and emphasizes the empty space. While there, Margaret earned the nickname "Maggie the Indestructable" She created took some of her most famous photographs in India and Pakistan, where she was documenting partition violence. After eight books and a creating a reputation as one of the world's most fearless and talented photojournalists, as well as claiming many "firsts" to her name, Margaret died of Parkinson's disease at age 67, in Connecticut. One of her most popular photographs, this photo uses the juxtaposition of the massive structure with the people at the base to convey the manner in which the massive industry overshadowed the people that made it possible. The subject's expression displays the concentration and harrowing nature of the industrialization taking place in the USSR. The half buried car and various other objects show how the dustbowl victims' lives were stopped in their tracks, and the expanse beyond gives the audience the impression that this goes on forever. A British-Egyptian army and airforce base. The photograph puts the straight, regimented lines and grids next to laid back officers having a conversation. The people around the corpses continue to move, many of them looking away, the woman in the foreground even covering her eyes. This shows the ignorance and refuseal of the world in general to look in the face of the horrors of the Holocaust. One of her most famous photographs, Margaret's photo of Gandhi show his modesty and tranquility. His spinning wheel in the foreground commented on his willingness to live his message. A couple and their grandchildren victimized by the journey. "The old man is dying of exhaustion. The caravan has gone on," Margaret wrote. Uncertain of his future, a boy sits above a refugee camp in desparation. The expansive background again gives the impression that this continued far beyond. The subject's expression relates the condition of these camps. Founder of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah. Magaret shows the importance of Islam in the state at the time and the confidence and calmness of the leader with this photograph.
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