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Odyssey Literary Device: Irony

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by

jancy sanchez

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Odyssey Literary Device: Irony

Odyssey Literary Device: Irony Irony: The general term for literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality or expectation and result. There are 3 types of Irony. Situational Irony - When something happens that is different than everyone expected. Dramatic Irony - The readers know something that the characters doesn't. Verbal Irony - Saying one thing but meaning the opposite. Example 1:
"A poor show, that - hitting this famished tramp -
Bad business, if he happened to be a god.
You know they go in foreign guise, the gods do,
Looking like strangers, turning up
In towns and settlements to keep an eye
On manners, good or bad"(line 1254 - 1259). Example 2:
"Stranger, my looks
My face, my carriage, were soon lost or faded
When the Achaeans crossed the sea to Troy,
Odysseus my lord among the rest.
If he returned, if he were here to care for me,
I might be happily renowned"(Line 1306 - 1311 )! Example 3:
'Cyclops,
you ask my honorable name? Remember
the gift you promised me, and I shall tell you.
My name is Nohbdy: mother, father, and friends,
everyone calls me Nohbdy' (Line 312-316). (Dramatic Irony) (Dramatic Irony) (Verbal Irony) Example 4:
Now came the soul of Anticlea, dead,
my mother, daughter of Autolycus,
dead now, though living still when I took ship
for holy Troy. Seeing this ghost I grieved,
but held her off, though pang on pang of tears (Lines 614 - 618), (Situational Irony ) Example 5:
There were wild mountain wolves and lions prowling all round it - poor bewitched creatures whom she had tamed by her enchantments and druged into subjection.They did not attack my men, but wagged their great tailsm fawned upon them, and rubbed their noses lovingly against them (Page 2) (Situational Irony) This is Dramatic Irony because none of the suitor knew that Odysseus was the old beggar but readers did know. This is Dramatic Irony because Penelope didn't know that Odysseus was the old beggar but readers did know. This is verbal Irony because Nohbdy wasn't Odysseus' name but as a result, When the Cyclops cried for help, No one helped because the Cyclops kept yelling "nobody". This is situational Irony because both the character and the readers didn't know that Odysseus' mother was dead. This is situational Irony because both men and the readers didn't know that the wolves and lions were actually men themselves. Example 6:
"...Make up his bed for him, Eurycleia
Place it outside the bedchamber my lord
built with his own hands. Pile the big bed
with fleeces, rugs, and sheets of the purest linen"(Line 1566-1569). (Situational Irony ) This is situational irony because the readers would have thought that Penelope would be happy to see Odysseus after so long. Example 7:
One shade came first - Elpenor, of our company,
who lay unburied still on the wide earth
as we had left him - dead in Circe' hall (Line 578 - 580), (Situational Irony) This is Situational Irony because the readers didn't know that one of Odysseus' men died in Circe' hall. Example 8:
I carried wax along the line, and laid it thick on their ears. They tied me up, then, plumb
amidships, back to the mast, lashed to the mast,
and took themselves again to rowing. Soon,
as we came smartly within hailing distance,
the two Sirens, noted our fast ship
off their point, made ready, and they sang (Line 712-718): By: Kenneth, Keenan, Erika, Jesus, and Selena (dramatic irony) This is dramatic irony because we know that Odysseus' men ears are covered in wax but the Sirens didn't know that. What is Irony? Some examples of Irony
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