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RELI 1000 Chapter 1
Transcript of RELI 1000 Chapter 1
What Is Religion?
Patterns Among Religions
Focus of Beliefs and Practices
Why Study the Religions of the World?
Insight into religious traditions
Sources of Religion
Views of the World and Life
Views of Male and Female
Linguistics and literary theory
seeks the universal structures that underlie language, mental processes, mythology, kinship, and religions & sees human behavior as largely determinied by such structures
focuses on observing the individual elements in cultural phenomena
Insight into what religions share
Insight into people
Tolerance and appreciation of differences
Insight into everyday life
Appreciation for the arts
Enjoyment of travel
Insight into family traditions
Help in one's own religious quest
"to join again" or "to reconnect"
~natural world to spiritual world
belief in one God
not fully definable in words
sacred is discoverable within the physical world
The sacred is:
not separate from anything
many coexisting gods
denies the existence of God or gods
the existence of God cannot be proven
takes no position
religions express truth symbolically
Hindus bathing in Ganges River
answers questions of mortality
religious rituals offer comfort
belonging and care for needy
stimulates art, music, and dance
relates us to the unknown universe
human attempt to feel more secure in an unfeeling universe
The nature of the sacred reality
The human attitude toward nature
Words and scriptures
Exclusiveness and inclusiveness
religious behavior is relative to the society in which it exists
a society will use religion to reinforce its own values
societies, rather than great founders, create religion
rejects ordinary categories of analysis and instead considers unexpected views such as underlying attitudes and values of cultural elements
Water purification fountains at the Senso-ji Temple in Asakusa, Tokyo, Japan
The Story of the Banana
dharma: cleanliness, austerity, truthfulness, and non-harming