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RELI 1000 Chapter 1

Understanding Religion
by

Heidi Edmunds

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of RELI 1000 Chapter 1

Understanding Religion
Multidisciplinary Approaches
What Is Religion?
Patterns Among Religions
Chapter 1
Conclusion
The Journey
Key Characteristics
Focus of Beliefs and Practices
Psychology
Key Issues
Why Study the Religions of the World?
Insight into religious traditions
The Sacred
Religious Symbolism
Sources of Religion
Views of the World and Life
Views of Male and Female
Mythology
Philosophy
Theology
The arts
Anthropology
Archeology
Linguistics and literary theory
structuralism:
seeks the universal structures that underlie language, mental processes, mythology, kinship, and religions & sees human behavior as largely determinied by such structures
post-structuralism:
focuses on observing the individual elements in cultural phenomena
Insight into what religions share
Insight into people
Tolerance and appreciation of differences
Intellectual questioning
Insight into everyday life
Appreciation for the arts
Enjoyment of travel
Insight into family traditions
Help in one's own religious quest
"to join again" or "to reconnect"
~natural world to spiritual world
8 Elements
Belief systems
Community
Central myths
Ritual
Ethics
Material expression
Sacredness
monotheism:
belief in one God
God is:
omnipotent
transcendent
not fully definable in words
pantheism:
sacred is discoverable within the physical world
The sacred is:
immanent
not separate from anything
polythesim:
many coexisting gods
athesism:
denies the existence of God or gods
agnosticism:
the existence of God cannot be proven
nonthesim:
takes no position
religions express truth symbolically
water=
spiritual cleansing
Hindus bathing in Ganges River
Christian baptism
Jewish mikveh
Islamic Wudu
answers questions of mortality
religious rituals offer comfort
belonging and care for needy
stimulates art, music, and dance
relates us to the unknown universe
human attempt to feel more secure in an unfeeling universe
Sacramental orientation
Prophetic orientation
Mystical orientation
The nature of the sacred reality
The human attitude toward nature
Human purpose
Words and scriptures
Exclusiveness and inclusiveness
Jesus Christ
Aphrodite
religious behavior is relative to the society in which it exists
a society will use religion to reinforce its own values
Durkheim
societies, rather than great founders, create religion
Emile
deconstruction:
rejects ordinary categories of analysis and instead considers unexpected views such as underlying attitudes and values of cultural elements
Water purification fountains at the Senso-ji Temple in Asakusa, Tokyo, Japan
http://www.genkin.org/blog/index.php/2010/01/12/woman-is-using-the-water-purification-fountains-at-the-senso-ji-temple-in-asakusa-tokyo-japan/
practical benefits
E.B. Tylor
urbanchristiannews.comhttp://pixelhose.com/2012/09/18/by-dr-akhter-husain/
William James
Bhūta kōla
James Frazer
http://www.thenakedscientists.com/forum/index.php?topic=18752.0
The Story of the Banana
http://usreligion.blogspot.com/
Carl Jung
http://timesofconspiracy.tumblr.com/post/13967652928/1955-time-magazine-cover-featuring-carl-jung
http://www.studenthandouts.com/01-Web-Pages/Quotations/karl-marx-printable-quote-religion-is-the-opium-of-the-masses.htm
Karl
Marx
americancatholic.org
urbanchristiannews.com
medsnow.co.uk
Characteristic emotional
experiences
http://www.sanskrit.org/www/Hindu%20Primer/sacredobjects.html
dharma: cleanliness, austerity, truthfulness, and non-harming
Full transcript