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Behaviorism and the Construction of Knowledge

Presentation for GED 8020: Explorations: Reflection, Community Building, and Knowledge Construction.
by

Wade Phillips

on 10 August 2011

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Transcript of Behaviorism and the Construction of Knowledge

Behaviorism and the Construction of Knowledge ................1900.........................1925..............................1950.................................1975.............................2000..................... Psychological experiments Procedure for comparing groups (McCall) Statistical Advancement
e.g. Chi-square & significance of difference Campbell and Stanley identify 15 types of experimental designs 1963 Types of basic designs and threats elaborated upon 1979 Experimental Design Timeline More complex and sophistocated experiments, involving many variables hello Behaviorism The Illusion of Comprehension Behaviorism is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. What is it? What are the Objectives? Who coined the theory? B.F. Skinner -- 20th century researcher and teacher who is associated with a school of psychology known as behaviorism. Main Ideas Impact on Professional Practice Behaviorism theory has led to the development of teaching machines, measurable learning objectives, computer-assisted instruction and multiple-choice tests. The false assessment of knowledge or understanding built upon familiarity or cues. Ordering items on the test in the same order they were presented. Learning Connections GED 8020 Explorations
Spring 2010

Wade L. Phillips
Matthew E. Larkey
Laura M. Greene
Emily A. Jasperson Control student’s
behavior.

Predetermination
of knowledge.

Create new
knowledge by
Enforcement.

Reward and
punishment.

Experimentation.
Animal learns,
human learns
too. TEACHING

Teacher is in
control.

Provides
materials.

Creates the
environments
for the study.

Teacher is:
Enforcer
behavioral
modifier. THEORY

Learning has
nothing to do
with the state of
the mind.

Learning occurs
with acquisition
of new
behavior.

Learning
happens with
the observable
set of behavior.

Learning
happens if there
is an incentive. Standardized testing Standard instructional practices One size fits all National Standard Curriculum NCLB Technology (STARS, Accelerate Reader) Phrasing test items that are too similar to the way it was presented in class "gentleman's C" You need to make a connections to all the theories of learning to be an effective educator. Example of the Illusion of Comprehension Behavior Modification Chart Individual Behavior Modification Plan The Behavioral Motivators for High School Students The Empire Builder (of knowledge): Flashcards and foreign languages
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