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Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian was a Dutch neoplasticist abstract artist in the early twentieth century. This is a short biography and a little about his style and movement.
by

Brittany G

on 28 May 2011

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Transcript of Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian (Pieter Cornelius Mondrian) Piet Mondrian, born March 7, 1872, was a Dutch neo-plasticist abstract artist in the early twentieth century (Deicher, p. 7). Piet Mondrian was born in Amersfoot, Netherlands on March 7, 1872 (Deicher, p. 7).
He was never married, and had no children (Deicher, p. 94). Mondrian grew up in Holland, and also lived in:
Udan
Brabant
Paris
London
and NYC
(Deicher, p. 94) Growing Up... Piet's family was very poor. His parents were not around much, and his sister basically ran the house even at around age eight (Deicher, p. 7). His father and uncle introduced him to art (Deicher, p. 7). Taught him drawing (Deicher, p. 7) (Uncle Frits) taught him painting (Deicher, p. 7) Piet also attended the National Academy of Art in Amsterdam (Deicher, p. 8). "Everything in his life was reasoned or calculated. He was a compulsive neurotic and could never bear to see anything disorganized or untidy." Paintings.name., 14 April 2011.) Before becoming famous, Piet supported himself by teaching primary school (Milner). Mondrian became famous by participating in exhibitions and joining artisits' societies, where he gained popularity (Paintings.name, 14 April 2011). BIOGRAPHY: Artist's Style: Mondrian used smooth brushstrokes, so that his lines were neat and straight (opinion). "[Mondrian] reduced his palette to flat, primary colors...that echoed the canvas' surface." (Art.com, 15 April 2011) He painted abstractly (opinion).
He believed:
"Art should not concern itself with reproducing images of real objects, but should express only the universal absolutes that underlie reality." ("Mondrian, Piet.") Brittany Gillespie
Period 1 Generally, his art work consisted of:
white background
intersecting black grid lines, creating boxes sometimes filled with primary colors. (opinion) Artist Movement Mondrian was a part of the neo-plasticist movement, a division of abstract art (Artelino, 12 April 2011.) "Neo-plasticism focuses on flat planes, right angles, straight lines, and radical simplification."
(Doesburg) Neo-plasticists believed in utopian art with harmony and order (Neo-plasticism.) They use smooth brushstrokes (opinion). Other neo-plasticists were:
Theo van Doesburg
Vilmos Hoszar
Jean Gorin
Charmoin Von Wiegand
Ilya Bolotwsky Let's take a closer look at some of Piet Mondrian's pieces. Composition III with Blue, Yellow, and White 1936 Smooth brushstrokes Painted abstractly Primary colors with neutrals There are uneven black grid lines forming several right angles, a couple filled in with color. Broadway Boogie Woogie 1943 Smooth brushstrokes Painted abstractly Colors:
White
Yellow
Red
Blue Bright chain-link pattern
Represents the Big Apple This painting was created soon after Mondrian moved to NYC. After he relocated, his style changed to reflect his love of NYC's bright, flashy life (Artcyclopedia). Even with his new style, he still stayed true to his neo-plasticist ideals, with geometric grid lines and primary colors.
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