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Copy of IELTS/TOEFL iBT Seminar

How To Prepare For & Master Your IELTS Or TOEFL iBT exam
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Lolita Earlywine

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of IELTS/TOEFL iBT Seminar

Strategy Secrets Goals The IELTS/TOEFL iBT Way Risks Understand The
Makers Native
Style Tell
Stories in
Past Speaking without critical thinking
Taking the test without preparation
If You Can Understand ETS, and
IELTS.org, then you have ++ Learn Proven Strategies
Practice With Real Past Exams
Get Some Practice With Native Point
+
Proof Academic
Style 1to1 English Coach Packages IELTS Package The IELTS Pill e-book
100 Hour Cambridge IELTS Online Practice Course
4 Practice Interviews With Certified Native English Teacher
4 Writing Test Corrections TOEFL iBT Package The TOEFL Pill Ebook
4 Online Practice TOEFL IBT Tests
4 Test Corrections Provided By Certified Native English Teacher (4 Speaking tests + 4 Writing tests) IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Q Firstly, lets analyze what a yes statement is: A statement that gets a “Yes” will have some or all of the following features:
It is an exact replica of a detail in the passage
It is a paraphrase (same meaning but different words used) of a detail in the passage
Same topic, and same specific detail IELTS Writing Task 1 You must DO as follows:
Compare the largest and the smallest figures
Compare the sections of the data that are similar
Compare the equally increasing trends
Compare the big differences
Use past tense to report the data and the change in the data over time You must NOT:
Give opinion
Give explanations
Provide reasons
Use your own reasoning
Be subjective IELTS Writing 5 Step Essay Step 2: Brainstorm Ideas Figure out the factors, assumptions, missing information, pros, cons, advantages, disadvantages, problems, solutions, examples, support, and all necessary info related to the core points. Also brainstorm vocabulary, and synonyms to boost your score. Step 3: Paragraph Map Select the Main and strongest points for the passage map. This will take the following form:
Introduction
B1: Unique Point + Proof
B2: Unique Point + Proof
B3: Counterargument
Conclusion IELTS Writing Introductions  3. Write a solid thesis statement at the end of your introduction. This is where you tell the examiner what you will do in the essay. Sometimes it’s ok to add your opinion here. Here are some examples of thesis statements for IELTS essays
 
“This essay will argue that prisoners should receive rehabilitation treatment despite the opponents who believe prisoners should suffer.”

“In my opinion, children should never be given mobile phones, and this essay will highlight and support this position.”

“This essay will discuss both the advantages and the disadvantages of living in a high tech world.” IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs The body of your essay should contain all the big points and they should :
Be relevant to the core point
Contain great deep support of each point
Be logical
Be coherent and cohesive (clear, developed, step by step, connected paragraphs) IELTS Speaking: Secret to Success Point – Proof Concept:
This is one of the fastest and easiest ways to increase your IELTS score. It is a habit that few IELTS candidates have, and if you can learn it (which you can), you will be ahead of the pack!

Simply make a point, and then tell a story to prove it. TOEFL Integrated Writing How To Report Things in TOEFL? 
Reporting is important for Integrated Tasks on the TOEFL iBT. You need to report what the speaker says in the audio sections of both writing and speaking tasks.
Examples:
It is stated in the passage that… 
The speaker mentioned that…
The speaker went on the argue that…
The passage author continued to say that
The lecture was mostly concerned with…
The lecturer spoke strongly in favor of…
The lecture consisted of 3 main points… TOEFL Integrated Writing Ask yourself these questions to Check Your Answer
Have I answered the question?
Did I compare the main points of the lecture to the reading.
Did I organize my response in paragraphs?
Have I used transition words?
Does each paragraph start with a topic sentence and end with a concluding sentence?
Did I paraphrase the main points from the reading and the listening using my own words?
Have I only used information from the lecture and passage, and not my own ideas? IELTS & TOEFL iBT Strategy Seminar 2012 By T. Brendan Brosnan, CELT
Sponsored by 1to1EnglishCoach.com How Is IELTS Scored? Listening: 40 Q
Reading: 40 Q
Convert using

Writing: Marked by Native Examiner (0-9)
Speaking: Marked by Native Examiner (0-9) What is TOEFL iBT? Test Of English as A Foreign Language
Internet Based Test (iBT)
The TOEFL iBT is done 100% online on a PC in an authorised TOEFL iBT Testing Centre
Reading (60-80 min) 36-56 Questions
Listening (60-90 min) 34-51 Questions
Speaking (20 min) 6 tasks
Writing (50 min) 2 tasks How To Ace Your IELTS? Think Like A Native English Speaker
Become Like a Native English Speaker
Prepare Strategies for each section
Practice Using Cambridge IELTS Materials
Communication V Technical Details* IELTS Listening Strategies 5. Multiple Choice
In multiple choice questions, the instructions almost always just want you to write the letter referring to the correct choice. Just transfer, A, B, C… as appropriate and do not transfer the full sentence to the answer sheet.
6. Capital Letters ONLY Sometimes
In the IELTS exam, you only write capital letters when it is grammatically correct. You must NOT write all your answers with capital letters. You must only write the first letter of a NAME, BRAND, PLACE NAME, or other proper noun.

7. Only transfer the data that is missing to answer sheet IELTS Reading Strategies Active Reading: Read and Ask Critical Thinking Questions:
What’s The Topic: You need to ask yourself right from the word go, what is this about? You need to then start asking yourself…
What’s The Scope: What about this is the author interested in? Dig deeper, and try to find out what angle the author is referring to.
What’s The Purpose: Why is the author writing this? What does he want to accomplish? Does he want to explain a new concept? Propose a policy change? Argue against an opposing viewpoint? Make a case for someone or something?
Where’s the evidence? As you read it’s important to keep in mind where everything is located in the passage. Try to identify in your mind the paragraph map (introduction is where he proposes x, paragraph 2 is where he gives his first main piece of support…etc)
What’s the author’s feeling? How does the author feel? Does he have any bias? What kinds of words does he use? Are his words positive or negative? IELTS Reading Strategies Reading Strategy 2: Rapid Fire Reading
 
Step 1: Read the first and last lines of each paragraph. Ask yourself the active reading questions.
Step 2: Move quickly onto the questions and do them 1 by 1. IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Q Finally, Let’s consider a “Not Given” Statement. A Not Given statement is characterized by the following:
It can be something about the same topic in the passage but a specific detail in the statement is not in the passage.
It often seems to be in agreement with the passage but the actual detail is not in the passage. IELTS Reading True/False/Not Given Q True: These statements match the author’s opinion.
False: These statements clash with the author’s opinion (It can be symbolized by the following diagram: )
Not Given: These statements don’t match with the opinions in the passage. They don’t match but they also do not go against the author’s opinion. How To Plan Vocabulary For IELTS Writing Task 1 3: Brainstorm Descriptive Verbs:
Students spent, expenditure reached, expenditure was, the biggest category of expenditure was entertainment, entertainment was responsible for the majority of spending, students spent the least on children, there was an increase in spending on entertainment in 1999, accommodation accounted for 20% of total student expenditure, the level of spending on X changed significantly from 1996 to 1999. IELTS Writing Task 2 - Essay Key Skills:

Deep and Critical Understanding of Topic
Ability to use Logic and Reasoning throughout your essay
Ability to brainstorm ideas, and be creative
Ability to use the appropriate grammar
Ability to use objective and mostly academic writing style

One other key point is that you need to have some basic knowledge of the most common IELTS topics. (see Brendan’s ebook: The IELTS Pill for this. IELTS Writing Introductions 1. Make an introduction that gets attention and gives an overview of the essay content.
Write only about the core issue of the question. Make a statement at the start to show your understanding of the issue. Here are 2 tactics for your first sentence:

a) Write about the present moment. Use Present Continuous Tense: “Nowadays/Currently… x is verb(ing)… A common verb to use is “The world is becoming more and more high tech.”

b) Write about how something has developed over a number of years. Use Present perfect Tense: “Over the past 50 years, technology has advanced at a faster rate than ever before.” IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs 7 Most Common Essay Body Mistakes
Writing about abstract ideas
Repetition of the same or related idea in each body paragraph
Not giving proof
Not considering the conditional tense as a form of persuasion
Using Hypothetical cases as support
Writing the whole body of the essay as one big story
Using the verb “will” too much IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 2: Repetition
Repetition is a major sin on IELTS essays. Many students make the big mistake of writing about the same point in each of their body paragraphs. Unfortunately, this means that all the body paragraphs combine to just make one point of support for your essay, To succeed and get a high score, you need to write 2-4 unique points, one in each body paragraph. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 5: Using Hypothetical Cases as evidence

This is when students consider an imaginary case of a person, and do so using past tense, as if it really happened. Some say; “There was a boy who…, he did X… Despite students good intentions, such an example is not considered proof, and it is also not considered good writing nor logical as support. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 7: Using the Verb Will Too Much
Instead use “can” or “may”. You need to remember that on IELTS essays, you need to be cautious, and use caution vocabulary. You cannot make assumptions. The verb “will” means certainty, it denotes that something will happen, and at almost 100% certainty.
A more realistic approach would be to use the verbs can, may, could and might to show that you know an outcome is not certain, but that it is possible. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs 1. Topic Sentence
Depending on the essay type, your topic sentence will be one of your strongest points of support for your position. It can be quite general, or abstract. It can be a consideration of a trend that supports your position.
It’s important to use keywords to introduce the topic sentences. You can use Firstly, Secondly, Another Point is… IELTS Speaking: The Interview Part 1: Introduction (mostly present simple)

Part 2: Individual Long Turn (mostly past simple)

Part 3: Discussion (mixed tenses) IELTS Speaking: Part 1: Introduction A common question is: “How often do you see your family members?”
To this you can expand your answer by talking about both your immediate family, and your extended family and relatives.
Sample Answer: “I still live at home with my parents so I see them every day. However my brother now works in a different city, so I only see him about once per month. I have relatives who live in Yogyakarta. My parents and I visit them twice a year, and sometimes they come here to Jakarta to see us on their holidays.” IELTS Speaking Tip: Action Point: Keep a memory/story journal, and write down memories from your life about all kinds of things. Write about your childhood, write about all the things you learned especially in challenging times in your life. This will help you greatly in the IELTS test. IELTS Speaking: 6 Step Approach Step1: State Your Knowledge
Step 2: Consider Your Memories
Step 3: Make an Overview Statement
Step 4: List your points
Step 5: Expand 1 by 1
Step 6: Make a Closing Statement
(Get full details inside The IELTS Pill book) IELTS Speaking: 6 Step Approach Full example:
 
Q - In your opinion are there both positive and negative influences of tourism on a local economy? 
A – “That’s a tough question. I never really thought much about that before. Overall I believe there are 2 big positives and 1 main negative. The 2 positives are increased revenue, and improved facilities for the local economy. The big negative is the potential for vandalism by bad mannered tourists.

Firstly, the big positive is increased revenue for the local economy. This occurs through spending by tourists, and by the building of souvenir shops, transport businesses, and tour businesses. IELTS Speaking: 6 Step Approach Full example: (contd..)
...Secondly, in order to keep the tourists coming back, the government spends money on maintaining the local town in good condition, and all visitors and inhabitants benefit from this, and business can even be improved through this effort.
The main negative is the potential vandalism caused by rowdy tourists who are more interested in alcohol, and partying than enjoying the local beauty.
Overall, I think the advantages outweigh the negatives. IELTS Speaking: Secret to Success Point – Proof Concept:
This is one of the fastest and easiest ways to increase your IELTS score. It is a habit that few IELTS candidates have, and if you can learn it (which you can), you will be ahead of the pack!

Simply make a point, and then tell a story to prove it. TOEFL & IELTS (What’s the same?) TOEFL Independant Speaking (2 tasks) = IELTS Discussion Questions (use same strategy)
TOEFL Independant Essay = IELTS Essay (use same strategy)
TOEFL Listening: Same strategy, except practice with ETS TOEFL Guide, and other TOEFL tests
TOEFL Reading: Same Strategy except practice with ETS TOEFL Guide TOEFL & IELTS (What’s different?) TOEFL Integrated Speaking (4 tasks)
TOEFL Integrated Writing (1 task)
TOEFL does not have a report on data chart
TOEFL does not have an interview
...so lets take a look at these unique features of TOEFL TOEFL Integrated Speaking Tasks Integrated Speaking Features Audio, Passages, and combinations of Audio & Passages
Common Strategy for Integrated Tasks
Step 1: Take Notes on The Audio and/or passage
Step 2: Follow The Instructions exactly
Hint: Use Reporting Style: TOEFL Integrated Speaking Tasks Task Type 1: Notice And Conversation (Opinion Type, 60 second to speak)
Task Type 2: Conversation Problem/Solutions (60 second to speak)
Task Type 3: Audio Only (60 second to speak)
Task Type 4: Lecture & Reading (60 seconds to speak)
For a detailed study, get 2in1 IELTS-TOEFL iBT Book TOEFL Integrated Speaking Tasks Task Type 1: Notice And Conversation (Opinion Type, 60 second to speak)
Task Type 2: Conversation Problem/Solutions (60 second to speak)
Task Type 3: Audio Only (60 second to speak)
Task Type 4: Lecture & Reading (60 seconds to speak)
For a detailed study, get 2in1 IELTS-TOEFL iBT Book TOEFL Integrated Writing Report on a Reading & Lecture:
Tell the story of the lecture/audio
Compare the data that is similar
Compare the big differences
Use past tense to report the data and the change in the data over time TOEFL Integrated Writing You must NOT:
Give opinion
Give explanations
Provide reasons
Use your own reasoning
Be subjective TOEFL Integrated Writing Ask yourself these questions to Check Your Answer
Have I answered the question?
Did I compare the main points of the lecture to the reading.
Did I organize my response in paragraphs?
Have I used transition words?
Does each paragraph start with a topic sentence and end with a concluding sentence?
Did I paraphrase the main points from the reading and the listening using my own words?
Have I only used information from the lecture and passage, and not my own ideas? Recommendations For TOEFL Success Study a Proven Strategy Book
Practice: ETS TOEFL Guide (with 2 free Practice Tests)
Practice: Online Practice Tests and Feedback From Native on Your Scoring and Progress
Practice: Read 1 article per day and keep a Journal
To build vocabulary and grammar
Practice: Listen to CNN/Fox/CNBC for 20 min per day and take notes Recommendations For IELTS Success  Study a Proven Strategy Book
Practice: Cambridge IELTS Books(with 4 Practice Tests per book)
Practice: Online Practice Interviews and Feedback From Native on Your Scoring and Progress
Practice: Read 1 article per day and keep a Journal
To build vocabulary and grammar
Practice: Listen to Sky News/BBC News for 20 min per day and take notes How are my Speaking responses scored in TOEFL iBT? Each of 6 tasks scored 0-4, then converted to 0-30
It's important to note that raters don't expect your responses to be perfect
High-Scoring responses may contain occasional errors.
Your pronunciation does not need to sound like that of a native speaker of English.
The raters are listening for the effectiveness of your communication and your ability to accomplish the tasks you are given. How are my Speaking responses scored in IELTS? 4 Factors

Fluency and coherence: How fluently you speak and how well you link your ideas  together
Pronunciation: How accurate your pronunciation is
Lexical resource: How accurate and varied your vocabulary is
Grammatical range and accuracy: How accurate and varied your grammar is Prepare Strategies For Each Section 1. Listening Strategies
2. Reading Strategies
3. Writing Strategies
4. Speaking Strategies IELTS Listening Strategies Active Question Focus
Before listening, read the questions carefully, and underline keywords. Write notes, ask yourself: who is going to speak?, what’s the topic?
2. Predict Answers
Predict the answers in the gaps and spaces. You can do this by reading the headings, the uncompleted sentences, asking yourself what’s the topic and what could possibly be in this gap? As you become more able to predict answers, you will find yourself ready and able to pick up the answer when you hear it. This is the work of a superior test taker. IELTS Listening Strategies 3. Infer
This will be an essential skill for you to develop especially for the last 2 sections of the listening test. You need to be ready for indirect answers,.
You will rely on your high English fluency to recognize the different ways of communicating and the multiple synonyms of each word in the question. IELTS Listening Strategies 4. Watch Instructions (answer size limit)
In the IELTS Listening test, you will be given instructions for each question. Such instructions include maximum number of words, and numbers allowed in the answer sheet. Be watchful of this. You will be penalized if you write too many words. IELTS Listening Strategies 8. Units/Dimensions are important.
In your answering, get as much clarity as possible about the data. Is it kg, miles, minutes, seconds, meters, etc? You will need to add the relevant unit if that is in the gap. Also you can use abbreviations for common units such as kilograms (kg), grams (g), meters (m)
9. Use The Correct Date Format
In IELTS, the examiners prefer date in the following format: day Month year, for example 17th March 2012. They do not accept 17/3/2012! Sometimes, you will only need to write the month. It depends on the question.
10. When doing the listening test, don’t transfer any data during the CD playing time. Instead you need to just focus on the questions and get all the answers. At the end of the listening CD, you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your answers. IELTS Reading Strategies Reading Strategy 1: Deep Understanding
 
Step 1: Skim the Passage Paragraph By Paragraph
Step 2: On Each Paragraph, write the FUNCTION of that paragraph (just a word or two, for example, benefits, problems, or description). Basically, you need to find out the reason why the author wrote the paragraph.
Step 3: Ask yourself the questions written above so you understand the general idea of the passage.
Step 4: Go through the questions 1 by 1, and refer back to the text when necessary. IELTS Reading Strategies Reading Strategy 3: Invest In Questions
 
Step 1: Go Directly To Questions
Step 2: Look at all Questions and then predict answers followed by referring back to passage
Step 3: Focus on keywords and locate relevant text in passage IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Q Secondly, let’s consider what a “No” statement is: A “No” statement is characterized by the following:
It is the exact opposite of a detail in the passage.
It is on the same topic but it goes against the passage detail
It is a clash with a specific detail from the passage.
It can be symbolized by the following diagram:  IELTS Reading True/False/Not Given Q These are very similar in nature to Yes, No, Not Given Questions. The main difference is that the True/False/Not Given questions are focused more on the author’s opinion and feelings about the topics.
You can judge these issues by understanding the overall theme and tone of the passage IELTS Reading Practice Read Popular Magazine Articles on Health, Economics, business, psychology, nature, etc
Do Cambridge IELTS Past Papers
Do Online Cambridge Practice Course
Keep A Journal To Build Vocabulary IELTS Writing Task 1 Task 1 (20 minutes)

In task 1, you will be asked to describe data from a chart, a graph, a table, a pie chart, or other data set. Your task is to transfer the visual data into written words and form a report summary of the data. The 3 Step System To Score Your Highest on IELTS Writing Task 1 Step 1: Define The Task
Paraphrase Question, Put it into your own words
Find synonyms for the main features
Step 2: Plan Paragraphs
Introduction using your synonyms and paraphrase
Choose the main feature for P1
Group trends for P2
Group other trends for P3
Conclusion on overall main trend
Step 3: Write IELTS Writing Task 1: Description Become Good At Description with variations in structure (past simple tense) Example:
The price of oil went up dramatically over the 5 year period between 2000 and 2005
Or
There was a dramatic increase in oil prices between 2000 and 2005 IELTS Writing Task 1 Q How To Plan Vocabulary For IELTS Writing Task 1 1: Write Down all the variables, subjects, nouns
In this question: expenditure, percentage of total expenditure, 3 year period, student expenditure, entertainment, etc
2: Brainstorm synonyms:
expenditure, spending, to spend, expenses, percentage, amount, quantity, 3 year period, from 1996 to 1999, students, university students. How To Plan Vocabulary For IELTS Writing Task 1 Notice that the verbs are all in the past simple tense! Note also the use of unique descriptive verbs: to be responsible for, to account for. These can and should be used in almost every Task 1 question.

Other essential verbs you need to memorize are: to experience, to contribute to, to be popular IELTS Writing Task 1 Activity: Now, can you write out 10 sentences, where you use the above vocabulary and use the vocabulary to describe the data in the chart. IELTS Writing Task 2 - Essay The IELTS Essay is worth 2/3rd of the marks and it constitutes the major task of the writing test and this will be the big factor that determines your final writing score. It is extremely important and you need to learn a number of things to excel in the writing task 2. IELTS Writing 5 Step Essay Step 1:
Define Task
Paraphrase the question sentence by sentence. Put it all in your own words
Make Diagrams, arrows, and visuals
Identify Essay Type
Break Down To Core Point(s) IELTS Writing Introductions Grammar Used In Introductions:

Present continuous: Its correct to use the present continuous in the introduction to present the current world situation. For example: “The world is becoming more and more polluted due to industry and the endless burning of fossil fuels”
Present Perfect: This is when you relate an action or situation that had its origins a time in the past but that has effects even up to the present day. For example: There has been no stop or decline in the amounts of pollution emitted by industrial plants in recent years. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Your body should contain keywords at the beginning of each paragraph only. In the first paragraph, use Firstly 
In the second paragraph, use:
Another point is, or secondly, or the second point is, or In addition IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 1: Writing About Abstract Ideas
This is the most common problem in IELTS essays. Students tend to write about very vague concepts such as; “Global warming is very bad and many people are afraid of climate change nowadays…It will get worse and then there will be more natural disasters”
 
This is abstract. To improve, students need to give real proof of global warming and proof of future natural disasters. This is best done using real evidence from past events and disasters. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 4: Forgetting to Use Conditional Tenses
The conditional tenses are very useful on IELTS essays, as they show contrast and can be used to demonstrate the condition if the evidence did not exist. Use the zero conditional for certain cause and effect. Use the first conditional to describe a possible outcome, and use the second conditional to highlight a “what if” hindsight observation IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 6: Writing The Whole Essay As 1 Long Story
Some students simply write a big story about some event or friend at school for the whole essay as a means of supporting their argument. This has been seen on numerous badly prepared students’ papers. It is simply the wrong approach towards an academic writing task. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Very good body paragraphs will have some or all of the following elements:

1. General Topic Sentence
2. Proof
3. Logic and Reasoning using Conditional Tense IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs 2. Proof
Proof is the number 1 area of students essays that leads to failure. 80 % of students fail to provide enough evidence to prove their topic sentence. The majority of students continue on with more abstract sentences after the topic sentence, and never prove anything.

You need to give solid proof in order to persuade your reader, and importantly, your examiner, so that he/she gives you a good score. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Here are the areas you can select proof from:
 
Movies (you can report a lesson from a movie you have seen)
News (you can highlight a news report that supports your position)
Your life experience (you can recount events from your life that support the topic sentence)
Your school life (tell stories in past simple tense from your school experience that are relevant support)
History (You can tell stories from history to prove a point)
Trends (you can use evidence from the changes from past to present to persuade)
World Phenomena (general knowledge can sometimes be used to share how people live and what’s routine behavior nowadays, use present simple tense for this)
Books (write about a book you read that helps make your point)
Documentaries (Use the fact power of documentaries to boost your support)
Human Behavior/Psychology Experiments/Statistics (If you can remember these facts, they are strong evidence in any essay if relevant) IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Here are the areas you can select proof from:
 
Movies (you can report a lesson from a movie you have seen)
News (you can highlight a news report that supports your position)
Your life experience (you can recount events from your life that support the topic sentence)
Your school life (tell stories in past simple tense from your school experience that are relevant support)
History (You can tell stories from history to prove a point)
Trends (you can use evidence from the changes from past to present to persuade)
World Phenomena (general knowledge can sometimes be used to share how people live and what’s routine behavior nowadays, use present simple tense for this)
Books (write about a book you read that helps make your point)
Documentaries (Use the fact power of documentaries to boost your support)
Human Behavior/Psychology Experiments/Statistics (If you can remember these facts, they are strong evidence in any essay if relevant) IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs IMPORTANT NOTICE 1: Almost all evidence you use will take the form of reports or stories, and will need the PAST SIMPLE TENSE. Don’t Mess Up The Tense!

IMPORTANT NOTICE 2: You MUST make a LINK between the proof and the actual essay question core point. This means your evidence must be RELEVANT. If you use great facts which are not relevant, you will not be rewarded. IELTS Writing: Essay Types See The IELTS Pill E-book for details on
Argument Essays
Discussion Essays
Opinion Essays
Other Type Essays
+ many many sample questions and answers IELTS Speaking: Part 1: Introduction You are going to be asked about habitual, regular things you do with your family (habit), in school (routine), and what people in your country do in ceremonies (routine).
Examples:
What do you do in your free time? (habit)
How often do you travel? (habit) IELTS Speaking: Part 2: Individual Long Turn In the second part of the IELTS speaking interview, the examiner gives you a piece of paper with a task on it.
It almost always asks you to remember something from your experience and describe it, and explain what you learned and why it was important. IELTS Speaking: Part 2: Individual Long Turn In the section, you need to be masterful with the past tense, and you will need to use past tense for all this task.
 
Sample Q; “Describe a year in your life that was important for you. Explain when it was, why it was important, and what you learned?” IELTS Speaking: Part 2: Individual Long Turn Sample Answer: “There have been a number of important years in my life, but I think the most important one so far was when I was 15 years old. This was an important year for me for a number of reasons.

Firstly, it was the year when my family moved out of Jakarta to Tangerang. That was interesting. Secondly, it was the year when I started to learn English in a language school, and I improved a lot. I started to watch English movies in the cinema more frequently, and my quality of life improved a lot that year. IELTS Speaking: Part 2: Individual Long Turn In school that year I moved into high school, and this was a big change for me. School became more difficult and challenging. Nevertheless, I started a few new subjects and focused on science subjects and I eventually settled into my new workload. I made friends and I learned an important lesson. I learned that life has challenges but if you work hard you can overcome them.” IELTS Speaking: Part 3 Discussion You need to be able to do the following:
 
Give overview statements (Broad general statements)
Give background information from the past
Provide a link between past events and now
Use cause and effect logic in predicting future trends
Use present perfect, past perfect, conditional tenses and modals and future tenses
Express your knowledge
Support yourself with logic, conditionals, knowledge, past experiences.
Be objective IELTS Speaking: Part 3 Discussion Let’s take a look at a few examples:

Q. What do you predict will happen in the Indonesian education system in the next 10 years?
A. “That’s quite a difficult question. I cant say I’m an expert on this issue but I do have a feeling there will be some changes. Up to now, Indonesia has been improving it’s education system very slowly. The public schools here lack advanced facilities. I think in the next 10 years, schools will bring in more computers and technology to keep up with world trends.
I also believe the Indonesian government may invest in building new schools and may provide rural areas with better education and might invite teachers to teach outside the cities. This will give all Indonesians a chance to receive a fair education.” IELTS Speaking: Part 3 Discussion Let’s take a look at a few examples:

Q. What do you predict will happen in the Indonesian education system in the next 10 years?
A. “That’s quite a difficult question. I cant say I’m an expert on this issue but I do have a feeling there will be some changes. Up to now, Indonesia has been improving it’s education system very slowly. The public schools here lack advanced facilities. I think in the next 10 years, schools will bring in more computers and technology to keep up with world trends.
I also believe the Indonesian government may invest in building new schools and may provide rural areas with better education and might invite teachers to teach outside the cities. This will give all Indonesians a chance to receive a fair education.” What is IELTS? International English Language Testing System
Test is Paper Based
The total test duration is around 2 hours and 45 minutes for Listening, Reading and Writing modules.
Listening: 40 minutes, 30 minutes for which a recording is played centrally and additional 10 minutes for transferring answers onto the answer sheet.
Reading: 60 minutes (3 Passages)
Writing: 60 minutes (2 Tasks)
Speaking: 11–14 minutes (Interview With Native Speaker) What is A Good Score? Band 7: Good User
Has operational command of the language, though with occasional
inaccuracies, inappropriateness and misunderstandings in some situations.
Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed
reasoning.
Band 6: Competent User
Has generally effective command of the language despite some
inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings. Can use and
understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
Band 5 Modest user
Has partial command of the language, coping with overall meaning in
most situations, though is likely to make many mistakes. Should be able to
handle basic communication in own field. TOEFL iBT Vs IELTS Scoring? How To Think & Become Like A Native English Speaker? Watch Sky News, and BBC News
Immerse Yourself In English
Go to BBC 6 Minute English
Read 1 Article Per Day in Journals/Academic Magazines (Psychology Today, Nat Geo, New Scientist)
Keep A Grammar & Vocabulary Journal Daily The #1 Success Secret Ever? The Compound Effect: Small & Simple actions repeated daily over the long term produce MASSIVE results
Applied to IELTS: Read 1 Article per day, do 1 listening practice per day, add to journal 1 time per day, do Cambridge IELTS practice once per day....for a few months without fail
NEVER MISS A DAY IELTS Writing 5 Step Essay Step 4: Write it (27-28min)
 
Step 5: Proofread it. Make necessary changes to vocabulary, spellings and other smaller fixable mistakes. (2-3 min)

NOTE: Spend 10 minutes Planning, and 30 minutes writing IELTS Writing Introductions 2. Write about the 2 or more sides of the issue. It could be mentioning that there are both advantages, and disadvantages, or that some people agree and some disagree, or that there is a difference in opinion on a topic. Here are some examples:

“Some people think that criminals should receive substantial rehabilitation in prison, while others think criminals should be forced to suffer for what they have done.”

“Despite, the strong arguments from supporters of increased health care investment, others claim that the money should be spent on the economy and other areas”
“There are both positives and negatives associated with giving mobile phones to young people.” IELTS Writing Introductions Grammar Used In Introductions:
It’s good to use present simple to show what both sides of the argument believe. For example: Some people believe that X is true, but others believe that Y is the better option.
For the thesis statement of the introduction you can use future tense to state the function and purpose of the essay, and what you will do: For example: This essay will focus on whether X should be implemented or whether Y may be the better option. IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Your body should contain keywords at the beginning of each paragraph only. In the first paragraph, use Firstly 
In the second paragraph, use:
Another point is, or secondly, or the second point is, or In addition IELTS Writing: Body Paragraphs Mistake 3: Not Giving Proof
Again, 80% of students make general claims, and statements and then fail to prove the point. This is looked at with disappointment by IELTS examiners IELTS Writing: Conclusions Writing your conclusion is very important. It is recommended you use the following guidelines.

Summarize your essay
Recognize both sides again (either two opposing sides, or the advantages and disadvantages)
Make a future statement (the main idea that the essay has produced, the most logical way to sum up the issue) IELTS Speaking: 6 Step Approach Full example: (contd..)
...Secondly, in order to keep the tourists coming back, the government spends money on maintaining the local town in good condition, and all visitors and inhabitants benefit from this, and business can even be improved through this effort.
The main negative is the potential vandalism caused by rowdy tourists who are more interested in alcohol, and partying than enjoying the local beauty.
Overall, I think the advantages outweigh the negatives.
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