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Iraq and Afghanistan Memorial Project
Transcript of Iraq and Afghanistan Memorial Project
by Michelle Hauser, Chase Webb, Jonathan Martinez, Jalen Maglanque
A Volunteer Army
In the United States, the armed forces is a volunteer army. It is carrying the burden and experiencing the dreadful consequences of two long wars, the longest in American history: Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan. Most of the soldiers have been redeployed many times to make up for the low number of troops.
1. Iraqi Freedom March 19, 2003
2. Phantom fury November 2004
3. Opp. Lightning May 29, 2005
1. Enduring freedom
2. freedom siental
3. Opp. Resolute support
4. opp. inherent resolve
On March 20, 2003, citing Saddam Hussein’s failure to adhere to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441, a US-led coalition of 49 countries launched a "shock and awe” invasion of Iraq. Within three weeks, the Iraqi government was overthrown and its military disbanded.
While the primary reason given for the invasion was to remove the threat of Saddam Hussein and his weapons of mass destruction (WMDs), no such weapons were found. In the absence of WMDs, supporters of the war argued that regime change, spreading democracy in the region, and making the United States safer were the primary objectives
Opponents of the war, before and after the invasion, argued that the US oil interests and a pre-existing motivation to topple Saddam were the real reasons for the attack.
After six years in Iraq, with the coalition reduced to five countries, the US has spent billions of dollars on the conflict and has lost over 4,000 American lives in the war.
international conflict in Afghanistan beginning in 2001 that was triggered by the September 11 attacks and consisted of three phases. The first phase—toppling the Taliban (the ultraconservative political and religious faction that ruled Afghanistan
and provided sanctuary for al-Qaeda, perpetrators of the September 11 attacks)
was brief, lasting just two months. The second phase, from 2002 until 2008, was marked by a U.S. strategy of defeating the Taliban militarily and rebuilding core institutions of the Afghan state. The third phase, a turn to classic counterinsurgency doctrine, began in 2008 and accelerated with U.S. Pres. Barack Obama’s 2009 decision to temporarily increase the U.S. troop presence in Afghanistan. The larger force was used to implement a strategy of protecting the population from Taliban attacks and supporting efforts to reintegrate insurgents into Afghan society.
The strategy came coupled with a timetable for the withdrawal of the foreign forces from Afghanistan; beginning in 2011, security responsibilities would be gradually handed over to the Afghan military and police. The new approach largely failed to achieve its aims. Insurgent attacks and civilian casualties remained stubbornly high, while many of the Afghan military and police units taking over security duties appeared to be ill-prepared to hold off the Taliban. By the time the U.S. and NATO combat mission formally ended in December 2014, the 13-year Afghanistan War had become the longest war ever fought by the United States.
This memorial will be built in order to honor all of the troops who have fallen in battle throughout the Iraq-Afghanistan conflict
Displayed on the outside of the memorial will be the 7 major opperations that the US was involved in during the 15 year conflict
Displayed on the inside of the memorial will be the names of our fellow friends and family who gave their life to protect and defend this country. THE NAMES WILL BE engraved in stone AND WILL BE LOACTED BEHIND EACH BRANCH OF SERVICE WHERE THE INDIVIDUAL RESIDES.
inside the memorial, each branch of service (navy, marines, army, and air force) will have their emblem engraved into the floor, along with their title across the wall, which will be accompanied by their flag, and a model soldier representing each of their uniforms