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Asia Overview

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by

Tara Ulmer

on 7 December 2015

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Transcript of Asia Overview

Formerly known as the U.S.S.R (before 1989)
capital = Moscow
considered a part of Central Asia
1.8 times the size of the U.S.
Climate - varies depending on geography
Natural Resources - oil, natural gas, coal, minerals, and timber
Current president -->Vladimir Putin

RUSSIA
MONGOLIA
capital = Ulaanbaatar
considered a part of East/Southeast Asia
little smaller than Alaska
Climate - desert and continental
Natural Resources - oil, coal, copper, gold, silver, iron...
capital = Tehran
considered a part of Southwest Asia/Middle East
slightly smaller than Alaska
Climate - mostly arid/semi-arid, subtropical along Caspian Sea
Natural Resources - petroleum, natural gas, coal
IRAN
AFGHANISTAN
Capital = Kabul
considered a part of South Asia
slightly smaller than Texas
Climate - arid to semi-arid, cold winters, hot summers.
Natural Resources - petroleum, natural gas, coal, copper, salt
PAKISTAN
capital = Islamabad
considered a part of South Asia
Almost twice the size of California
Climate - mostly hot, dry desert; arctic in north
Natural Resources - land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
INDIA
capital = New Delhi
considered a part of South Asia
1/3 the size of the U.S.
Climate - North=temperate; South=tropical monsoon
Natural Resources - coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone
BANGLADESH
capital = Dhaka
considered a part of South Asia
little smaller than Iowa
Climate - tropical
Natural Resources - natural gas, arable land, timber, and coal
CAMBODIA
capital = Phnom Penh
considered a part of Southeast Asia
slightly smaller than Oklahoma
Climate - Tropical; monsoon season and dry season
Natural Resources - oil and gas, timber, and hydropower
LAOS
capital = Vientiane
considered a part of Southeast Asia
a little larger than Utah
Climate - Tropical-monsoon; rainy season and dry season.
Natural Resources - timber, hydropower, tin, gold
VIETNAM
capital = Hanoi
considered a part of Southeast Asia
about the size of New Mexico
Climate - Tropical in the South, Monsoon in the North; rainy and dry seasons
Natural Resources - coal, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
JAPAN
South Korea
North Korea
Capital = Pyongyang
Considered a part of East Asia
slightly smaller than Mississippi
Climate - Temperate
Natural Resources - coal, lead, copper, gold, salt, an hydropower
Capital = Seoul
Considered a part of East Asia
slightly larger than Indiana
Climate - Temperate
Natural Resources - coal, graphite, hydropower potential
Capital = Tokyo (largest city on Earth)
Considered part of East Asia
Slightly smaller than California
Climate - Tropical in the South, cool to temperate in the North
Natural Resources - fish **Japan has virtually ZERO natural energy resources so it is the world's largest importer of coal + natural gas, and 2nd in oil.
CHINA
Capital = Beijing
Considered a part of East Asia
Slightly smaller than the U.S.
Climate - Diverse; tropical in the South, subarctic in the north
Natural Resources - World leader in hydropower, coal, iron, petroleum, natural gas...
Pakistan
Mapping Asia

For today's assignment, please go to Edmodo and open the Asia Map Assignment document. This will be your activity for today. It is due, as it says on the assignment, on Monday, January 7th!

Remember to be neat and make sure your writing is legible!!
Thailand
Capital = Bangkok
Considered part of Southeast Asia
Twice the size of Wyoming
Climate - Tropical
Natural Resources - tin, rubber, natural gas...
The Middle East
Saudi Arabia
the birthplace of Islam - Mecca and Medina
Geography: borders Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Yemen, Iraq, Kuwait, and Qatar.
Climate: harsh, dry desert
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper
Politics
Capital: Riyadh
Saudi Arabia is a monarchy ruled by a king = King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz
Osama Bin Laden - was born in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia is said to fund Sunni terrorist groups
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Oman
Iraq
Israel/Palestine
Egypt
Syria
Turkey
Capital: Cairo

Climate: desert, hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Interesting Fact: Egypt controls the Suez Canal, a sea link between the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean ($$$)
Israel
Palestine
Zionism
United Nations Partition Plan (1947)
Ethnicity & Religion
Lost Land
Unfair Treatment
People To Know:
anti-Semitism
ARAB = an ethnic group, ancestors from Arabian Peninsula, speak Arabic. Some are Muslim; some are not...
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/v3_ip_timeline/html/1917.stm
U.S. doesn't recognize them...
U.S. support
U.S. mostly supports Israel to keep an ally in the Middle East. It's about strategy...but it's complicated
Capital: Damascus
Climate: mostly desert, sometimes snow/sleet in Damascus
Interesting Fact: Syria has 2 historically active volcanoes that haven't erupted in centuries
Capital: Baghdad
Climate: mostly desert
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas...
Capital: Muscat
Climate: dry, desert, humid along coast, Monsoons
Location: along Straight of Hormuz
Capital: Sanaa

Natural Resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west
Malala Yousafsai
Yitzak Rabin
Benjamin Netanyahu
The Mongols
12th & 13th Centuries - lived in modern day country of Mongolia

Nomadic & Pastoral people that lived on the steppe
Used horses and leadership effectively

Known as savage captors who used technology in their war-making
Conquired more land than any other society EVER!!
Used brutal techniques to terrorize enemies

Tried to invade Japan twice! Failed due to typhoons. Kamikaze (divine wind) inspired WWII pilots...
"Oh! He's a real Genghis Khan"
Largest empire in history - from Poland to China
Controlled 100 million people

Genghis Khan -> "Temujin" His father was killed by a rival clan when he was 7; his mother became a slave.
United all Mongol tribes in a single group
Steppe Diplomacy = courage in battle + loyalty to allies + willing to betray others to rise in power + persuade others to cooperate
Died leading a battle at the Great Wall of China...

Kublai Khan
Grandson of Genghis. Rose to power in 1260 A.D.
Expanded empire into South China
Expanded postal system (MAIL!)
Allowed Asian/European countries to trade along Silk Road.
Marco Polo stayed with the Mongols under Kublai Khan for 23 years.
Pax Mongolia?
Unprecedented long-distance trade w/ common economic practices (Did you experience this on Silk Road?)
Encouraged the exchange of people, technology, and information across empire.
They carried culture across Asia!
Consequences
“The Mongols created a single economic,
cultural, and epidemiological world system”
Mongol Exchange
New methods of warfare
Established trade from Venice to Beijing & beyond
Demographic change via the plague and major
population shifts
Altered the political histories of Russia, China,
Europe, and The Middle East
Unparalleled cultural diffusion via ‘Silk Road’
Many inventions brought to Europe - Printing
Press, Gunpowder, Compass
They carried their houses with
them, drank their own horse's
blood to stay alive, and could
travel up to 62 miles per day
Capital = Ankara (but largest city is Istanbul)
Considered a part of Europe and Southwest Asia/Middle East
Slightly larger than Texas
Climate - temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Natural Resources - Coal, Iron, Copper, Hydropower, Gold, Limestone, Marble, Clay
Fun Fact: Was once the center of the Eastern Roman Empire (they had a Patriarch instead of Pope)
Culture of the Middle East
In Iran, the thumbs up is offensive
In many M.E. countries, men holding hands with men + women holding hands with women is normal
Always greet older people before younger to show respect
In Jordan and other countries, displaying the bottoms of your feet or touching someone with your shoe is rude.

Food
And we'll cover religions later...
ISIS/ISIL
Refugee Crisis
What is a refugee?
a person forced to leave their home/country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disasters.
Europe is seeing the largest migration of people since WWII. What caused it?
Bashar al Assad
President of Syria
Wanted to be an opthamologist until his older brother was killed in a car accident.
Claimed he would lead democratic reforms...but when the Arab Spring (2011) happened he cracked down on the people with military force.
Known as Islamic State in Iraq and Syria or Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
Implementing Sharia Law
They are destroying historic sites and antiquities.
How to ideas spread?
Spread of Religions
Judiasm - Exodus, diasporas, and the "people of the book"
Christianity - Paul, travels throughout the Roman Empire as a missionary spreading Christianity.
Islam - Following Muhammad's death in 633 A.D., Islam spreads through North Africa and into Europe under the Umayaad dynasty; they say it as liberating those under oppression. Charles Martel stops their progress at Poitiers.
Full transcript