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Taiko Drumming

World Music Project - IB MUsic
by

helena ciuciura

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Taiko Drumming

By: Helena Ciuciura Taiko Drumming Taiko drumming was and remains a very highly respected instrument. The audience would respect the drummers, whether drumming for military purposes, prayer or for fun, because of the extreme difficulty and physical exertion
People were and still are amazed at how much effort and force Taiko drummers put in. It is extremely painful in the beginning when learning Taiko, but after playing for many years, the drummers build up enormous amounts of muscle (especially tsukeshime-daiko players). More About Taiko Susanoo No Mikoto The Culture BIBLIOGRAPHY Other http://8dio.com/?btp_product=solo-taiko-drum Elements of Music MELODY TEXTURE HARMONY RHYTHM FORM EXPRESSION beats and the low tones of the beats
help to form a sort of disjunct
melody, however it is not a tune
that is easy to follow or something
one could hum. Although there is some
melodic line in this recording
it is not the most prominent
element. The high tones of the be recognized. For example the interval between
the low drum keeping the rhythm and the high
pitched hitting the off beats is consonant - I would
guess a perfect sixth - while the clanging of metal Like melody, harmony is not the most
prominent element, however it still can in the background can be rather jarring and almost dissonant. most important element in this piece. At first, the rhythm is The rhythm is, to me, the as is a custom trick of Taiko. Later on in the piece it comes to a steadier unsteady, and constantly changing common time in the middle as it nears
the climax. It then uses breaks in the drumming to emphasize the down beat with the loudest and strongest by the metal clinking in the drum. The common time is kept background. TIMBRE The timbre in this piece differs among the different drums that contrasts the dark undertones of the larger drums have a sharp,metallic and bright timbre deep, and dark timbre while the high pitched metallic. The low drums have a very round, tsukeshime-daikos and they can sound almost there are high pitched snare like drums called the back of a studio or mounted on the wall - and move frequently so it is permanently placed at the lowest one is the ō-daiko, which is too big to drums being used. There are lower range drums, The texture, as in most taiko drumming songs changes
throughout the piece depending on
how many drums are being struck many rhythms, it is hard to decipher what is accompaniment and what is harmony.
They also use the texture of silence in this
piece, letting the resonant sound of the or homophonic because there are so Over all, it is a very thick texture, but
it is hard to tell whether it is polyphonic drums ring after hitting the down beats. TEMPO ARTICULATION this piece is very The tempo in rubato which I find astounding because
even though there is such a large number of
drums being played, stretch the time together
with such uniformity -
and extremely difficulty
thing to do. they manage to bend and Articulation in this piece is yet
another imressively together thing
in this piece. The staccato in the
smaller drums and the long ringing notes of the large drums seem to have been timed perfectly in order to
end at the same time, ring at the same
time and accent at the same time. DYNAMICS this piece. From beginning with a low rumble The dynamics have a very large range in close to silence and escalating to forte even fortissimo
sections, the terraced dynamic along with the strength of the hit contribute to the great range displayed here. in the form of this song appart There is no distinct pattern another different phrase. It is also a fairly from the repetition at the end. It just
tends to flow from one phrase into short section from the song, so it may repeat at a later movement. WORKING TOGETHER work together using the different speeds, timbres, techniques, volumes, intervals and rhythms to
create a very beautiful and intricatesong. The timbre The elements of music in Susanoo No Mikoto and the dynamics work together with the varying instruments, the melody and harmony-although not prominent- are still present even in a solely percussion piece, and the tempo and rythm push and pull at eachother constantly. Over all the elements are very effective in creating an interesting soundscape with the taiko drums. This particular arrangement was by a German composer and taiko player. There is no record of who the original composer is. The song was written for/to/about the Shinto God of 'sea and storms'. Based on the history of Takehaya Susanoo No Mikoto, songs were written to him in order to pray for safe passage for sea travel, so it could be assumed this was another song or ritual for praying to the sea god. The myth behind the origin of Taiko states that a goddess discovered it, however whilst it was being used for military purposes, only males played it - only males were in the army. Now a days everyone can play the Taiko drum if they're willing to put in the effort - Taiko takes an extreme amount of strength. The Taiko setup usually incorporated 5-50 uchiwa-daiko drummers (the average sized drum), 1-10 o-daiko drums and 1 tsukeshime-daiko Traditional Japanese Taiko costumes were worn Warrior related Taiko costumes are usually just pants and a sash Like previously stated, the drumming was used for prayers, but was also a war drum and was used in the military. No it is used to continue the Taiko tradition, and sometimes people take up Taiko simply for the excersize. There are many different types of drums all struck with a Bachi, or mallet – usually 22 by 400 mm but range in size based on the drum and drummer – and are made from varying type of wood. The Word Taiko actually means drum in Japanese, so – drum drumming is the translation. It was used in Buddhism, as an elegant instrument It was then adapted to court music and the idea became more refined. It was used to frighten opposing enemies in war using the extremely strong and intimidating sounds of the drums. Oldest record of Taiko drumming is a 2000 year old sculpture of a Japanese drummer. They thought that the low rumble of the Taiko was a message from the Gods. "Bachi." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Aug. 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2012.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bachi>.

"Shumei Taiko Ensemble - Glossary." Shumei Taiko Ensemble. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.shumeitaiko.org/glossary.html>.

"Susano O No Mikoto; Japanese Shintoism; Kami of Storms and the Sea." Susano O No Mikoto; Japanese Shintoism; Kami of Storms and the Sea. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/susano-o-no-mikoto.html>.

"Taiko Dictionary." Taiko Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://users.lmi.net/taikousa/dictionary.html>.

"Taiko Resource: Taiko Overview and History." Taiko Resource: Taiko Overview and History. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.taiko.com/taiko_resource/history.html>.

"Taiko." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Sept. 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiko>.
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