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CLIMATE CHANGE Activity 5: Thermal Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere and Hydrosphere

How does thermal energy transfer affect the climate on Earth? Specifically in the atmosphere and hydrosphere.

Nikki S

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of CLIMATE CHANGE Activity 5: Thermal Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere and Hydrosphere

Activity 5 CLIMATE CHANGE THERMAL ENERGY TRANSFER THERMAL ENERGY TRANSFER IN OCEANS Oceans can also be called a "heat sink" Why? Because they store and absorb thermal energy. JET STREAMS
Unlike other global winds, these do not follow regular, routine paths around the Earth. Knowing the path of a jet stream is important not only to pilots but also to meteorologists. GLOBAL WIND PATTERNS Between thirty degrees latitude and the equator, most of the cooling sinking air moves back to the equator. The rest of the air flows toward the poles. HOW DO THESE SEVERE STORMS IMPACT A COMMUNITY? They can ruin homes, properties, parks and other recreational places
They can leave people homeless and heartbroken
These storms can also bring people together. People feel a sense of unity when they are all affected by the same thing. Thermal Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere and Hydrosphere BIBLIOGRAPHY http://quizlet.com/15424321/thermal-energy-transfers-flash-cards/ These winds can reach maximum speeds of 400 km/h (250 mph). "These are narrow belts of high-speed winds that blow in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Since they affect the movement of storms, meteorologists can track a storm based on a jet stream. http://www.weatherwizkids.com/weather-wind.htm The equator receives the Sun's direct rays. Here, air is heated and rises, leaving low pressure areas behind. Moving to about thirty degrees north and south of the equator, the warm air from the equator begins to cool and sink. THERE ARE THREE WAYS THERMAL ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFERRED: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/86154370/OTEC--Ocean-Thermal-Energy-Conversion http://www.roasterproject.com/2010/01/heat-transfer-the-basics/ http://www.newenergysolutionsus.com/K-Shield-D.htm The atmosphere and the oceans work together to move fresh water and heat around the world. http://www.slideshare.net/mgcimariam/energy-transfer-in-the-atmosphere-and-oceans-6593794 Movement and absorption of energy on the Earth is related to the atmosphere-ocean system. SEVERE WEATHER CONDITIONS HURRICANE For a hurricane to form, the waters must be warm enough for the right amount of heat and moisture to mix into the overlying atmosphere. This will provide the potential fuel for the hurricane. Also, a wind pattern must be near the ocean surface to propel the storm. A hurricane is a severe tropical cyclone having winds greater than 64 knots (119 kilometers per hour), usually involving heavy rains. THUNDERSTORM A thunderstorm is a sometimes violent storm of thunder and lightning, often accompanied by rain and sometimes hail. Thunderstorms result from the rapid upward movement of moist, warm air. They often occur inside warm, moist air masses. As the warm air moves upward, it condenses, and forms the huge, dark storm clouds that a thunderstorm is known for. As the rising air reaches its dew point, it starts to rain. The falling droplets create gust air that spreads out at the Earth's surface and causes strong winds associated with thunderstorms. http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/archive/hurricane/creation.html http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Thunderstorm.html HOW CAN SCIENCE REDUCE THE IMPACT OF THESE STORMS? We have learned how to use computers to detect storms that are coming, this will give everyone time to prepare and, if needed, evacuate.
We also have the technology to detect how severe weather will be. Nikki St. Clair
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