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Transcript of Sentence Structure
compound, and complex sentences;
use effective coordination, and subordination
of ideas to express complete thoughts. The subordinate ( or dependent) Clause A simple sentence has one independent clause and no
subordinate clauses. The Simple Sentence (SV) A complex sentence is a sentence that has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The Compound sentence (SV,cSV) The complex sentence The Independent Clause The independent clause expresses a complete thought and can
stand by itself as a sentence. The dependent clause does not express a complete
thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence. What is an independent clause? What is a dependent or subordinate clause? The Hairstylist gave Latrice a new look. S V Joe and Tom play football. S S V Lawrence caught the ball but then dropped it. S V V What is a simple sentence? A compound sentence has two or more independent
clauses but has no subordinate clause.
The independent clauses are usually joined by a
coordinating conjunction: For, and, not, but,yet, so Example: I went to the football game. Example: If we go to the football game The independent clauses in a compound sentence
may be joined by a semicolon Write a simple sentence with a compound subject Write a sentence with
a compound verb What is the difference between independent and a dependent clause? What is a coordinating conjunction? Acronym: FANBOYS for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so How else can you join two independent clauses? The Trojans had been tricked; the horse was filled with Greek warriors. Example: The Trojans had been tricked; for the horse was filled with Greek warriors. Non Example: Combine the two sentences in each item below as a compound sentence, using a comma and a coordinating conjunction. 1.We tried to make reservations tonight. The restaurant was booked 2. I earned money baby-sitting. I was able to buy the concert tickets. Example: I pulled the weeds. My brother mowed the lawn. I pulled the weeds, and my brother mowed the lawn. We tried to make reservations tonight, but the restaurant was booked I earned money baby-sitting, and I was able to buy the concert tickets Add a semicolon and an independent clause to each independent clauses already given below Example: My sister is tall and blonde My sister is tall and blonde; I am short and brunette 1. I love sports 2. I have only six dollars I called home, for I was going to be late. I want to go to the movies, but I don't have a ride. I got a new phone, so I gave my old one to my brother Examples Examples: cSV,SV SVcSV
After I ate breakfast, I went to visit my friend.
I received good grades because I studied hard. after, before, when while, until (time) although, though, even though,
whereas, while (disagree; opposition) because, since, now that, as (cause & effect) if, unless, only if, weather or not, even if, in case (condition; situation Subordinating Conjunctions and (Relationships) S V c S V S V c S