Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Ancient Rome

No description


on 10 October 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Ancient Rome

Tiberius & Gaius Gracchus
-Brothers who served as tribunes;Tiberius created farms for the poor

-Conflict over farms led to riots and Tiberius was killed

-Gaius tried later on to create more farms & sell cheaper food (angered many and was killed)

-Death of the brothers proved death could be used as a political weapon

Marius & Sulla
-Former gladiator

-Led thousands of slaves & demanded freedom
-defeated an army (took southern Italy)

-Killed in battle and revolt fell a part--6,000 slaves executed

Marius & Sulla
-Politicians are angry over lost support

- Sulla (politician) is a consul and is in conflict with Marius

-Conflict leads to civil war

-Sulla defeats Marius (dictator) & punishes enemies
Disorder in the Republic
-Rome is a dangerous place--politicians/generals fight for power

-Cicero (orator)
-tried to stop the chaos
-limit power of the generals
-Give more support to senate and restore checks & balances
Julius Caesar
-Great general, admired for his bravery and skill

-Conquered Gaul(France)

-Excellent speaker

-Powerful allies; Pompey and Crassus
Conflict with Pompey
-Pompey's senate allies ordered him to give up his armies (Pompey to rule alone)

-Casear refused; Crossed the Rubicon River with his armies
-Roman law stated no general could enter Italy with his army
Julius Caesar Returns to Rome
-Declares himself Dictator for Life

-Admired by army and generous to the poor

-Others resented his power--next king?

-Senators(less power) were very angry...
Ancient Rome
-107 BC: Romans NEED more troops
-Marius encourages the poor to join

-Thousands of poor people join

-The poor are loyal to Marius thus giving him power
Lucius Cornelius
-Pompey flees Italy

-Caesar's army chases him for a year until he is defeated in Greece

-Later killed in Egypt
The Death of Julius Caesar
-March 15th 44 BC (Ides of March)

-Senators stab Caesar to death
-Next Leaders: Marc Antony & Octavian
related to Caesar
-Avenge Caesar's death; defeated killers & any remaining killed themselves
Conflict With Antony & Octavian
-Octavian returns to Italy & Antony goes East to battle

-Antony marries Octavia (sister of?)
-Later divorces her to marry Cleopatra of Egypt
-Octavian is angry; civil war breaks out
Conflict With Antony & Octavian
-- They meet at the Battle of Actium

-Antony is defeated but escapes to Egypt

-Antony & Cleopatra commit suicide to avoid capture

-Octavian is sole ruler; becomes AUGUSTUS

Paul of Tarsus
-Most important in spread of Christianity

-Wrote letters about Resurrection &

-Explained Christians didn't have to obey all Jewish laws & rituals

-Helped break away from Judaism
Fall of Rome

Political Corruption:

-No system of electing new emperors
-Emperor title sold to highest bidder
-25 emperors assassinated
Fall of Rome
Decline in Morals & Values:
-Emperors threw lavish parties
-Hosted TONS of gladiator fights (*little work*)

Public Health:
-Lead pipes caused disease among the wealthy
-Blood from Coliseum ran into the streets; caused disease

Fall of Rome
Social Cont.
Urban Decay:
-Small, smelly apartments
-Buildings were falling apart
-Homeless lived on the streets (no shelters)

Inferior Technology:
-Stopped advancing/inventing (not keeping up)
-Relied on animal labor--not machines

Fall of Rome
-Farmers could not compete with cheap prices (from slave labor)
-Lost farms

-Lack of gold for coins
-Merchants raised prices
-Begin to pay with fruits/vegetables
Fall of Rome
Military Spending:
-Roman troops lost desire to fight--paid foreign troops
-Raised taxes to fund military

-Germanic tribes attack and destroy cities (burn/destroy bridges/roads)
-Attila the Hun- Leader of the Huns, attacks in the east
Fall of Rome
-Political Corruption
-Urban Decay
-Decline in Morals & Values
-Public Health
-Military Spending
-Inferior Technology
Diocletian & Constantine
-Emperor Diocletian believes the empire is too large--divides it in 2

-He ruled the east and another person ruled west

-Emperor Constantine reunited the empire BUT moved the capital to the east (Constantinople)
*Power moved to the east-> No longer Rome*

From- Carthage
Job- Brilliant general
Defeated troops at Zama, almost
defeated the Romans
Involved- Rome & Carthage
1st- Carthage sends troops to Sicily; Rome follows.
-Rome gains control 20yrs. later

2nd- Carthage attacks Rome (Hannibal)
-Romans sent to Zama & defeat Hannibal

3rd-Roman senators fear Carthage’s power
-Romans attack destroying city and taking slaves
Rome wins all 3

Punic Wars
Definition- duty to the city

Responsibilities- make sure
city prospered, attend meetings and vote

Other- holding office came with respect

Civil Duty
Purpose- Center of life in Rome, laws displayed

Activities-gov’t buildings, shopping, speeches,
gossip, ceremonies, gladiator fights

Other- located between Palatine & Capitoline hills

Italy= peninsula
Mountains- Alps, Apennines
Bodies of Water- Tiber & Po Rivers
Climate- mild for growing crops
Other- Rugged, hilly, cities on hill tops

Geography of Rome
Legion= groups of up to 6,000 soldiers

Description- legions divided into
centuries (100 soldiers). Very organized and flexible

Other- Defeated most enemies fighting
large or small groups

Roman Legions
Name of 1st King- Romulus
Last king- cruel and killed many
people (overthrown)
Etruscans(last 3 kings)- People
who lived north of Rome
-built temples, 1st sewer

7 Kings of Rome
Low Class- Plebeian; commoners, majority of pop.,
eventually gained participation in gov’t.

High Class- Patrician; wealthy, nobles, minority of pop., once had sole control of gov’t.

Other- Plebeians formed a council of officials which scared Patricians (fear of rebellion); forced changes

Class Structure
Magistrates Senate Assemblies/Tribunes
Job- Power over all citizens
rejected laws

Term- 1 year

Other- *Consuls (most powerful)

Advised Consuls
Controls finances
Gains great power,
Protects commoners,
elects magistrates, VETO power
1 year
Very powerful
-Republic- gov’t where people elect their leaders
-Law of the Twelve Tables- **Written Down** *Checks and balances
Government Structure
twin boys raised by wolves
Romulus kills Remus in an argument over what the
name of Rome should be

***myth describing the birth of Rome

Romulus & Remus
-Aeneid is a Latin epic poem that describes the story of Aeneas
-Aeneas was a Trojan prince who led the Trojans to Rome & his family became the rulers of Rome.
**myth describing the birth of Rome
Aeneas & The Aeneid
Roman Achievements: Pax Romana
• Means “Roman Peace”
• Lasted 200 years
• Results: trade increases;
Rome became wealthy,
population increases, quality of life improves

Roman Achievements: Science & Engineering
• Galen: great doctor; herbs as medicine;
studies the body; describes valves of heart
• Aqueducts: moved water
• Vaults: used for big openings & to help buildings stand
• Arches: more sturdy; durable buildings
• Paved roads: durable; connected all parts of the empire
• Made cement
• Stone bridges

Roman Achievements: Architecture
• Colosseum: created for gladiator fights;
large stone building
• Copied Greeks
• Open spaces & columns
• Used marble
• Dome tops

Roman Achievements: Art
• Mosaics, paintings & statues
• Frescoes: painting done on plaster
• Based off of Greeks

Roman Achievements: Literature & Language
• Writers: Virgil (the Aeneid), Ovid (poems & myths)
• Wrote in Latin – used in government and law
• Later developed Romance Languages: Italian,
French, Spanish, Portuguese & Romanian

Roman Achievements: Law
• Civil Law: legal system based on a written code of laws – displayed in Forum
Full transcript