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The Seven Wonders of the World

Self Study Project #2
by

Majd Suleiman

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of The Seven Wonders of the World

The number
7
is considered magical and mystical .
The
Original 7
Wonders of the World
A Greek poet named
Antipater of Sidon
wrote a poem about his travels around 150 B.C. and he described the
7

wondrous

marvels
he had seen throughout the eastern Mediterranean world.
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza
Egypt
The Great Pyramid is the only one of the
7
wonders that has survived and is still standing today.
It was built around 2580 B.C. as a tomb for the pharaoh Khufu. It's a huge pile of carefully cut and fitted stones with some small passages and chambers.
The
7
Wonders of the World
Original, Natural, Modern, and New.

Why 7?
2. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Iraq
The gardens were built by
King Nebuchadrezzar II
in the early 6th century B.C. as a gift for his wife.
Babylon was built almost completely of sun-dried brick. But, since brick is not very strong or durable...the buildings of Babylon crumbled into rubble.
3. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Ephesus was a very rich city in the ancient world.
King Croesus of Lydia
conquered it and built a temple to Artemis, Greek goddess of the hunt around the 6th century B.C.
It was destroyed by a man named Herostratus. He set fire to it. He said he did it because he wanted his name to be remembered in history forever.
The temple was one of the largest of all the Greek temples built. It was made of mostly marble and bronze columns that were 60 ft. high.
Turkey
4. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The statue was designed in 450 B.C. by a sculptor named
Phidias.
It took him 12 years to complete it
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia is not around today...
It was wiped out by earthquakes, and landslides and buried by floods.
5. The Masoleum at Halicarnassus
This monument was made by
Queen Artemisia
in memory of her husband,
King Mausolus
who died in 353 B.C.
It was a huge brightly painted marble sculpture with the top part built like a pyramid. It had life-size statues of men and horses acting out hunting and battle scenes from Greek mythology.
The word "Mausoleum" means: a large above ground tomb where someone is buried.
The mausoleum lasted around 1800 years, but eventually earthquakes destroyed it.
6. The Colossus of Rhodes
We
do
know
that the Colossus really existed, but we
don't
know
how it looked, Helios's pose, or exactly where it stood in the city of Rhodes.
The
Colossus
was an enormous statue of the Greek god
Helios
made of metal and bronze that was 100 ft tall and took 12 years to make.
The Colossus was built to celebrate the people of Rhodes victory over their enemies and their freedom.
Sadly, it only lasted 56 yrs. It was destroyed in a violent earthquake.
Today, we have our own
colossus
of the modern world. Do you know what it is?
It stands in
New York Harbor...
THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
7. The Lighthouse of Alexandria
Egypt
The Lighthouse (also called
Pharos
) was built for practical reasons. To light the way for ships.
It lasted almost
1500 years
because it was built so well. It was one of the tallest structures built in the ancient world.
It was made to honor the Greek god Zeus.
Zeus's throne was made of cedar wood with ebony, ivory, gold, and precious stone.
People have put together many "
seven wonders
" lists.
Examples include:
1. The
original
seven wonders of the world.
2. The seven wonders of the
natural
world.
3. The seven wonders of the
modern
world.
4. The
"New"
seven wonders of the world.
The structures on these lists can all be described as "
spectacular sights",
"
masterpieces of architecture, sculpture, or engineering".
The structures are famous for their...
Great Size
These lists tend to vary...since people have different opinions about
EVERYTHING!
The "New" Seven Wonders of the World list was made
AMERICAN IDOL STYLE
Based on Online Voting and Phone Voting from around the World in 2007.
Beauty
Grandeur
Perfection
They are the
ideal
places to travel to.
Even today, experts are not sure how the pyramids were built.
and
For my
PRESENTATION
, I'm going to discuss the
Original Seven Wonders of the World
, also known as The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Greece
Turkey
This is a list of amazing man made structures...
Greece
Colossus means:
gigantic and enormous.
It was an amazing technical triumph. One of the greatest engineering marvels of the ancient world.
Tarbiya connection:
Did you know that the Holy Quran mentions the number
7 ???????
Actually, Allah (SWT) created seven heavens and seven earths and the Quran frequently mentions the existence of
7
(samaawat), or heavens. In Surat At-Talaq (65:12) [It is Allah who has created
seven heavens
, and of the earth, the like of them.]
Pathways and Journeys
People travel very different paths in their journey of life. Allah (SWT) guides us in the Holy Quran to choose the right path that will get us to (Jenna) heaven. It's up to us to make the right choices. Through your actions, you get to choose the path that's right for you. Sometimes, while you're on your journey, you have some road blocks...Islam is always there to guide you around them so you can keep moving and not spend time going around in circles.
Resources:
Book:
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World by Lynn Curlee 2002
It was a tall hollow building built on a flat platform. It sat on the rocks of the Island in 3 parts. The bottom was a
square
, the middle was an
octagon
, and a
cylinder
was on top. At the peak was a bronze statue of Zeus.
Eventually, earthquakes destroyed this structure as well.
Book:
What are the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World? by Michelle Laliberte 2013
www.history.com/topics/ancient- history/sevenwondersof the ancient world
www.geography.about.com/od/lists/a/sevenwonders.htm
www.the7wondersoftheworld.com
www.wonderclub.com/allworldwonders.html
I Hope you enjoyed my presentation about the
original ancient wonders
of the world. Hopefully it sparked your interest in learning more about the other wonders that are on the
Natural, Modern, and "New"
Seven Wonders lists.
Any
Questions?
Questions Anyone?
Questions?
Any Questions?
???????
???????
???????
Full transcript