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North and South
Transcript of North and South
7. segregation is the policy or practice of separating people of different races, classes, or ethnic groups, as in schools, housing, and public or commercial facilities, especially as a form of discrimination. 8. the free soil party is a U.S. party that opposed the extension of slavery in the newer territories. 9. The black code is any code of law that defined and especially limited therights of former slaves after the Civil War. 11. states' rights are rights and powers not forbidden to the states nor vested in the federal government by the U.S. Constitution 12. the union is typically referred to as the northern states during the civil war because the south became "confederates" 13. Border states were the slave states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, which refused to secede from the Union in 1860–61. 14. The fugitive slave law declares that runaway slaves must be brought back to their masters. 15. the gettysburg adress was A speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. Lincoln was speaking at the dedication of a soldiers' cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg. 16. the missouri compromise was when Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36°30N, except for Missouri. 17. Share cropping was when poor farmers or former slaves wanted to farm but didn't have enough money. they had to rent land from plantation owners and pay some of their profits to the plantation owners. 18. The Haebeas Corpus was a writ requiring a person to be brought before a judge or court, esp. for investigation of a restraint of the person's liberty, used as a protection against illegal imprisonment. 19. The Emancipation Proclamation is when President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freed the slaves in the territories still in rebellion against the Northern states. 20. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the US (1861-1865), who led the Union during the Civil War and freed slaves in the South (1863). He was assassinated after the end of the war by John Wilkes Booth. 21. A set of laws, passed in the midst of fierce wrangling between groups favoring slavery and groups opposing it, that attempted to give something to both sides. The compromise admitted California to the United States as a “free” (no slavery) state but allowed some newly acquired territories to decide on slavery for themselves. Part of the Compromise included the Fugitive Slave Act, which proved highly unpopular in the North. Senator Henry Clay was a force behind the passage of the compromise. How Did Slavery Effect These Topics? ECONOMY
Slaves manufactured most all of the South's cash crops souch as tobacco, rice, and cotton
The North didn't need as many slaves due to the short growing seasons but the South needed them because agriculture was their way of life and with many acres of land, many slaves got more work done than any slave owner could by himself/herself. AFRICAN AMERICANS
Most all of the African Americans in the South were slaves but in the North, slavery wasn't near as much a threat to African Americans
African Americans were looked at as "less superior" in the society and were even looked at as property in some parts of America.
Slaves were allowed in Missouri since Missouri was South of the 36 degree point and since Missouri became a state.
Slaves were able to be in ALL states south of the 36 degree point. BLEEDING KANSAS
Northerners didn't want slavery but Missouri did want slavery so they fought over what Kansas would become
This was one of the first times war started to break out over a topic of slavery MANIFEST DESTINY
Many people argued over if slavery should grow with the newly gained territory to the West. (Abraham Lincoln DISSAGREED with slave expansion)
For many years, slaves were used like in England so when America was being formed, many people thought that getting rid of slavery would be a bad choice especislly because not many other empires gave up slavery so they would be the guinea pig.
Slavery was one of the biggest contraversyes that was talked about so when the presidential debates came, the votes would be mainly based on their slavery views.
Slaves were a big part of the manifest destiny so America couldn't neccesarily "grow" until they figured out if slaves should expand or if they should stay the same or if slavery should just come to an end.
Constitution allowed slavery
Slave trade was considered "okay" until 1808
3/5 rule for "other persons" counts for representatives
South thinks the Constitution is "pro" slavery
It leaves the choice of slavery to be decided by the states
Main "tie breaker" was the canidate's view on slavery
It was between three canidates of wich two of them were supporters of slavery in the South
Abraham Lincoln won by getting only 40% of the votes
If Abraham Lincoln wasn't elected, slavery would have spread across America.
The Civil War may not have happened because the southerners wouldn't have been mad and they wouldn't have rebbeled against the North.
Signed by Abraham Lincoln during war
Proclamation allowed black soldiers to fight for Union
Only slaves who were in the rebellious states were set free by the Proclamation
Taking slaves away from Union states was the begining of the end of the war
It stopped slavery and therefore gave no more purpose to fight in the Civil War
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h1549.html BULL RUN
Union army led by Irvin McDowell moved in on the confederates at Manssas Junction, VA.
General Robert Patterson's goal was to stop the Confederates at Winchester but failed
By July 20, the Union army attacked the Confederate army
It was the first major engagement of the Civil War
The South had recieved a victory to the more dominant North in one of the first major battles SOCIAL
Slavery made the Southern economy be one of the most productive economies of many countries. They also made up 1/4 of the Southern population.
Slavery was looked at as a negative in the north and was "immoral" and "unnecesary".
Compromise made Maine a state
Made Missouri slave state
All states below the 36-30N latitude line was considered a slave state
That made all of the states below the 36 longitude line not only a part of slavery but the “rebellious” states.
MIssouri became a part of the Confederates that later fought against the North.
It made Southern Democrats acknowledge Hayes as President
It forced all federal troops out of states and also made one southern democrat become a member of the cabinet
Was the end of "reconstruction"
Was the end of all military stationing in the South and stopped the federal troops from attacking republican state governments in South.
Was end of segragation from south and north because the "reconstruction" stage was ended and therefore was the end of the Civil War. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Bull_Run.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compromise_of_1877 LINCOLN ASSASSINATION
John Wilkes Booth shot President Lincoln in the head at a play
The decision to kill President Lincoln was based on the fact that Lincoln wanted "Blacks" to vote and John Booth was a racist
Overall plan was to weaken federal government and to spark back confederacy
The point of the assassination was to bring power to the South again and to bring power back to confederacy
Since Lincoln was dead, someone else had to carry out his views of segregation and to level out Americans rights.
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h124.html CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS
13th- made slavery illegal in the united states
14th- stated that all americans had the same rights as any other american (including African Americans).
15th- gave "Blacks" voting rights and protected them
African Americans were finally seen as equal instead of slaves in North and South states
It was the end of seeing African Americans as "property" which then made it very clear that slavery is NOT allowed http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112391/civil_war_amendments.htm APPOMATTOX
Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Grant (Union won)
Surrender was at Wilmer McLean's house, former Union general
Surrender was settled by many letters back and forth from the generals of the Union and Confederate army. They both agreed that no more American blood should be spilt on American land and they agreed to put an end to the war.
It was the end of the Civil War
The South had surrendered to the North which meant the South would be willing to unite with the North. DRAFT RIOTS
Mini riots broke out all around cities
Many riots were racially based because of the competition for jobs now that slaves were free
Caused 1,500,000 dollars in damage
Troops had to be sent to New York to calm it down and to stop the riots
Many people were mad of the job compition because people had to find jobs due to low income. Most of this competition was from the former slaves which created tension between whites and African Americans http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/170724/Draft-Riot-of-1863 PURPOSE:
The purpose of the proclamation was to free slaves in the rebellious states. It also was supposed to weaken the Southerners because that was their main economy reliance. Once the Southerners saw that their slaves were free, they saw that there was no reason to fight against the North because the North had got what they wanted; an end to slavery.
"...all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom."
The effects of the Proclamation were pretty simple. It made the North happy because the states in rebellion had lost all of their slaves which was the overall goal of the war (for the North). Secondly, it left the South Union states with no purpose to fight and it
In 1865, the 13th amendment was added. It made slavery in the US illegal and it was one of the most important steps towards equality.
Three years later, the 14th amendment was added. It protected slave's rights by saying, "...all people who were born in the United States, including African-Americans, are considered natural citizens and have the same rights as all other Americans."
In 1870, the 15th ammendment was added. It protected African American's voting rights. This also enabled African Americans to have political power such as being a part of their state's government
The reconstruction process took 14 years but it was worth it. Those 14 years were dedicated to reshaping America back the way it was before the war and slavery issues; united. It was designed to bring the Confederate states back into the union and to build on the African American's rights. The construction side of things included making school systems in the south and the "rights" construction included adding new ammendments to the constitution for African American rights.
http://www.nps.gov/ncro/anti/emancipation.html Share cropping was one of the great ideas of farmers in the South. Since many of the former slaves had no money but yet were interested in farming, they were stuck in a financial situation. Many of the plantation owners also were in trouble because they had nobody to tend to their crops and with no crops, there wasn't any income. How does this get fixed? Plantation owners gave pieces of their land to poor farmers or former slaves. The people renting the land sold the crops and gave half of their profit to the plantation owners to pay off rent. This system allowed plantation owners, poor farmers, and former slaves to thrive in the South as opposed to only plantation owners thriving.
Black codes were laws in Southern government with severe restrictions against freed slaves. These laws prohibited their right to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, limiting their right to testify against white men, carrying weapons in public places and working in certain occupations. This was later fixed when the Southern government became a part of the union again and when the reconstruction plan was in action.
The Jim Crow system was based on the following beliefs: Whites were higher than Blacks in all ways. Examples: intelligence, morality, and civilized behavior; sexual relations between Blacks and Whites would produce a race which would destroy America. JIm crow also theorized around the thoght that if necessary, violence must be used to keep Blacks at the bottom of the racial hierarchy. This was significant because even though the African Americans were free and were protected by the constitution, racism continued in the United States.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction_era_of_the_United_States#Purpose http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASblackcodes.htm Lincoln's leadership had changed the war in many ways. He was very picky about the general leading the army. Even after the Union's win in Antietam, he was not satisfied so he moved onto a new general, George Meade. Lincoln started the war to unify the states of the South and the North. The South had their own government because the North was anti-slavery and didn't want any growth to the West. However, Abraham Lincoln demolished slavery by signing the Emancipation Proclamation. The war was instantly changed from fighting for the preservation of the Union to fighting for the abolition of slavery. Lincoln was a huge leader in the war and changed the perspective in obvious ways. 1789 1820 1860 1861 1863 1863 1865 1865 1865-1870 1887 SHORT TERM EFFECTS LONG TERM EFFECTS LINCOLN IN THE WAR EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION VOCABULARY http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=missouri&FORM=BIFD http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=1860+election&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=&pq=1860+e&sp=1&sc=1-6 http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=bull+run&go=&form=QBIR&qs=n&sk=&sc=8-8#focal=2fa4e87c60421237c3e3be3341660f0f&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fhome.swbell.net%2Fsuzjim%2FBull%2520Run%2520by%2520G.%2520Harvey.jpg http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=emancipation+proclamation&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=&pq=emancipation+p&sp=1&sc=8-14 http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=draft+riots&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=&pq=draft+rio&sp=1&sc=1-9 http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=appomattox&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=&pq=appomatto&sp=1&sc=8-9 http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=civil+war+amendments&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=&pq=civil+war+am&sp=1&sc=5-12 http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=president+hayes&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=AS3&pq=president+h&sp=4&sc=8-11 WORK CITES