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Motivation and Self-Esteem in the Classroom

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Brittany Derousie

on 5 May 2010

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Transcript of Motivation and Self-Esteem in the Classroom

Motivation and Self-Esteem in the classroom! 1.)What is Motivation?

Motivation- The influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of behavior
Basically motivation is what gets you going, keeps you going and determines where you are trying to go


2.)Deficiency needs: Basic requirements for physical and psychological well-being as identified by Maslow
Growth needs: Needs for knowing, appreciating, and understanding, which people try to satisfy after their basic needs are met
Self-Actualization- A persons ability to develop their full potential
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Brittany Derousie Kenny Dockal Dan Wolohojian 3.)How does Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs relate to Motivation in the classroom?
In order to satisfy the needs at the top of the pyramid the needs at the bottom must be satisfied.
For example: If a person has not had any food for the day and are starving, how can they think that they are safe?
*the relationship between deficiency and growth needs* is important for education!
If a child’s basic needs are not met, it will be hard for them to learn, either focusing will be a problem or caring. If a child is hungry how do you expect them to focus? 4.)Attribution Theory
Weiner
basically this theory states that people attribute success to themselves and failure to outside forces.
Locus of Control- concept related to Attribution theory. Internal- people believe that success or failure is because of them, External- people believe it was outside forces.
Helps teacher’s understand how a student might take feedback.
5.)Expectancy Theory
Atkinson(1964)
States that people’s efforts to achieve depends on their expectation of the reward
Tasks for students shouldn’t be too easy or too hard.
If students believe they will get at A no matter what..motivation will not be at a maximum! And if students believe they will fail no matter what motivation will be at a minimum
Achievement Motivation- the desire to experience success and to participate in activities in which success depends on person effort and ability.
Learning Goals- the goals of students who are motivated primarily by desire for knowledge acquisition and self improvement.
Performance Goals- the goals of students who are motivated primarily by a desire to gain recognition from others and to earn good grades
Teacher motivation and its effectiveness are reliant on one very big variable that is student specific. The variable is whether a student is intrinsic or extrinsic motivated.

A student that is intrinsically motivated is driven by an internal need to succeed, and on the contrary, an extrinsic student is one that relies on outside sources such as punishment and praise from a teacher, also known as reinforcers.

What is Self-Esteem?
Self esteem- the value each of us places on our own characteristics, abilities, and behaviors.
High self esteem is a good opinion of yourself
Low self esteem is a bad opinion of yourself
How do you see yourself (self image)
How do you feel about your strengths and weaknesses
What do you think of your social status
How do you relate to others?
Can you make your own decisions?
affects how you think, act and even how you relate to other people
affects your potential to be successful
Low self esteem means poor confidence and that also causes negative thoughts which means that you are likely to give up easier rather than face challenges
As such, let’s focus on intrinsic motivated students first. Although they are motivated by their own means, teachers can still play a role. Reinforces can boost their level of achievement to an ever greater level by simply. A con to teacher motivation with intrinsic learners is too harsh feedback can be detrimental to the initiative to learn. A detrimental piece of feedback can actually lead an intrinsically motivated student to acquire learned helplessness.

A student that is extrinsically motivated relies heavily on reinforces to be motivated towards the goal at hand. The rewards can include all but not limited to rewards, grades, and punishments. Grades are the most readily identifiable form of reward for student For elementary students, stickers and simple material rewards act as very successful reinforcers. Middle school students require more effective reinforcers, that is to say, reinforcers that reflect their wants. An example of such would be more recess time for higher achievement in the classroom. On an individual scale, reward a student for achievement with a desired job in the classroom. High School students are the hardest students to create reinforcers for. However, one of the most highly used forms of reinforcers would be an allowed excuse for an undesired behavior, such as a homework pass or extra credit. encourage students to set goals
relate assignments and class projects to real life situations.
school fieldtrips
variety of presentation modes
arousing interest( ice breaker)
Parents Motivation in a child’s education is pinnacle. Parent’s role in education is to not only motivating their child to succeed, but also to show their child the importance of their education. Parent fuelled motivation can do great things for a education. Parents have many influential ways in which they can motivate their child. A common way is to give their children privileges at home based on performance and take away privileges based on poor performance. Parent motivation can also come simply in the praise of good performance and poor performance. One of the best tools that a parent can use is to be active in a child’s school and schoolwork. This is a difficult task for many parents, but if done correctly and successfully, their child can recognize the importance of their education very early on, and become an intrinsic learner. However, one of the biggest jobs for a parent is to identify their child as an intrinsic or extrinsic learner, and abide by that just like a teacher.
School administrators use a wide variety of activities and symbols to create motivational goals like…
School newsletters
Rituals
Behavior goals
Symbols
Legends
Staging academic awards assemblies
Awarding trophies for academic success and displaying them in trophy cases
Scheduling motivational speakers to visit the school
Publicizing a students success can help them see that the desire to be successful academically is recognized and appreciated
Administrators use these techniques to convey messages of what the school really values.
Reasearch shows those with a higher
self-esteem tend to do better in school
Studies also show students with low self-esteem try to hid their
undesireable characteristics therefore they avoid risks Recognize the students strengths in the classroom
Be specific with compliments
Display the work
Show respect
Attend Extracurriculars Catch them doing something right
Praise them when they have worked hard
Ask questions
and look them in the eye when you address them

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