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Ancient Chinese & Early Hindu Education

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Michael Dayao

on 7 July 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Chinese & Early Hindu Education

Memorizing his works..
Method of learning
Able to feed it self and taught to use right hand
At age 6..
At age 8..
At age 10..
Confucius
C H I L D
Ancestors Worship
Boys
- Repetition and memorization
- Backing the book
$1.25
Monday, July 7, 2014
Vol XXVI, No. 008
China
Ideological & Ethical or Moral learning
Aims of Education
-
Policy of isolation
-
No fear for
invasion
-
Did not associate
w/ the rest of the
world
-
Decide to live unto
self
Ancient Chinese & Early Hindu Education
5 Cardinal Virtues
1. Benevolence or Universal Charity
2. Justice
3. Conformity to Establish Usage
4. Prudence or Rectitude of Heart
and Mind
5. Fidelity or Pure Sincerity
Ancient Chinese Education
Great wall of China
For protection
-
Great religious leader
-
Rules for right living
-
Prove his teaching by practice
Virtue
-
Learned by careful observance
of ceremony.

-
By practice of
golden rule.
Chinese turned to
Confucius
As wise teacher
As religious prophet
As god
5 Fundamental Relationship
1. Sovereign and Subject
2. Father and Child
3. Husband and Wife
4. Older brother and Younger brother
5. Older friend and Younger one
"What you do not like
when done to yourself,
do not do to other"
-
Confucius
Girls
- Submissively and low

- Able to speak
- Taught to respond
boldy and clearly
Taught numbers
In & out of door, table manners, required to follow elders teaching of yielding to others.
Boys go to school master, write different
classes of characters and to calculate
At age 10..
Girls cease going out.
taught pleasing speech and correct manner.
Docile and obedient.
Taught to handle men.
To handle the hempen fibers & cocoons. Weave silks.
Fashion fillets.
Learns all women's work.
At 13..
Learns music
Repeat odes
Dance KO
At 20..
She is married
At 30..
Takes wife and begin to
attend business proper
Full grown lad..
Dances the Hsiang
Archery & Chariot driving
Government Employment
- Made by rigorous system
of examination.
- The civil service exam.
Cultural Pattern and Usages
CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Civil Service
Prepare students
for higher status in life
for positions in the government

Types of Education
1. Ideological and Moral Education
- Confucian relationship
- Doctrines of submission
- Cardinal virtues
2. Language Education
- Has to be mastered or memorized for it has many characters

- Trade skills (men)
-Domestic skills (women)
3. Vocational and Domestic Education
4. Civic Education
- Trade skills (men)
-Domestic skills (women)
5. Military Education
Defense and aggression purposes
Methods of Instructions
1. Confucian Method
- teaching is not confined in the classroom, out door teaching is prevalent
2. Direct and Exact Imitation
- writing in many chinese characters
3. Memorization
- whole time devoted for memorizing
To hold official positions
The Classics:
1. The Shu King (Book of History)
2. The Shi King (Book of Odes)
3. The Yi King (Book of Changes)
4. Li Ki King (Book of Rights)
5. The Hsiao King
(Book of Filial Piety)
The Four Books
1. The Ta Hsio
(Great Learning)
2. The Chung Yung
(Doctrine of the Mean)
3. The Lun Yun
(Sayings of Confucius)
4. The Meng-Tze
(Saying of Mencius)
TAOISM
Path of Reasons
- Second Chinese philosophy for living
- Attributed to Lao-tse

Tao Te-Ching
- The Book of the Way
- The Virtue that comes there from
Scrutinize
life and its
purpose
Early Hindu Education
History
Early 1920's
Indus Valley
-Ancient Civilization
-3000 & 2000 B.C.
at Muhenjo-Boro & Harrapa
Ancient Hindus Valley
People Worshiped a Mother Goddess and a male Deity
Forerunner of Shiva
Tribes speaking Aryan language
1500 B.C. Indus cities probably decline
New settlers..
Religious with rituals
Aryan Speakers..
Worship spirits of nature
Religion..
hymns of Rig Veda
1500BC
praise spirits
Vedic Deitis
-mostly males
Important Gods:
Vedic Deitis
Indra
Mitra
Varuga
Adityas
Rudra
Prajapati
In time
The other gods gave birth to TRIMURTI
of hidden Hinduism
PRAHAPAPATI-BRAHMA
Rudra-Shiva
Adityas-Vishnu
as one
Upanishads
- Earliest books of Hindu
Philosophy
- 2,700 years ago
Next 2000 years..
- Ancient law books
- The Epics Ramayana
- The Mahabarata
- Puranas
- Firmly establish Hindu tradition in India
The Six School of Philosophy
1. Nyaya- Deals with Logic

2. Vaisheshika- Nature of the World

3. Samkhya- Origin and Evolution
of the Universe

4.Yoga- Mental and Physical Exercise

5. Purva-Mimamsa- Interprets the Vedas

6. Vedanta- Interprets the Vedas
Contents to be studied
1. Literature for the Brahmans

Vedas- Oldest Hindu Scriptures
Oldest sacred Witings
Means Knowledge
1.1 Rig Veda- Veda of psalm and verses
1.2 Yajur Veda- Veda Sacred formulas
1.3 Sama Veda- Veda of chants
1.4 Atharva Veda- Veda of Charms
1.5 The Angas- Volume of Hindu scientific
and philosophical knowledge
1.6 The code of Manu- Compilation of ethics, customs and traditons
2. Dancing- associated with religion
3. Sports- Wrestling, Archery and Yoga
4. Linguistics, Philosophy and Theology-
candidates for priestwood
5. Military Training- use of horse, elephant and
chariot in war
6. Astronomy, History, Grammar, Law, Medicine and Mathematics-
-College of Parishads
-Algebra, outstanding contribution
Contents to be studied
Aims of Education
Dharma- Important aim that provide value
system for each individual
Artha- livelyhood by honest means

kama- Good things in life in modernization

Moksha- Leading the soul toward God and
achieving release from the cycle
of the rebirth
Social Division- Darma
Social Categories
White Varna- Brahmans/Bramins
Priest or Scholars
Red Varna- Kshatriyas
Ruler, Administrators,
Soldiers
Black Varna- Sudras
Skilled Artisians
potters, weavers,
basket makers and
servants
Panchamas/Pariah or
"Untouchables" -Ranking below the
Sudras
-Dirtiest job
-Oppressed people in
the society
1950
-Law abolished Untouchability

Mahatma Ghandi
-Named the untouchables
Harijans,
Children of
God

Dalit
-Harijans preferred to be called
Dalit,
depressed
Full transcript