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Chhavi Verg

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Globalization

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Globalization Colonialism Mercantilism Cultural Exchange Global Hegemony Roosevelt Corollary Development of Markets Industrial Revolution: increased trade and helped develope markets World War I "Engagement with the rest of the world from the fifteenth century to the present: colonialism, mercantilism, global hegemony, development of markets, imperialism, cultural exchange." the control or governing influence of a nation over a country, territory, or people Triangular Trade German Immigration Navigation Acts-a series of laws that restricted trade between England and the United States
Sugar, tobacco, rice, indigo, and cotton could only be exported to England and the British colonies
All colonial trade was protected by British Navy Colonies provide raw material for Britain

Colonies import manufactured products of higher value from England and other British colonies

Colonies are NOT allowed to do business with other countries or compete with British businesses Jamestown East Coast (13 original colonies) Great Britain France French Goals: Create colonies in North America
Increase business in the fur trade
Spread the Catholic faith (peacefully)
Create an alliance system with the Huron and Algonquin Labrador, Canada by Jacques Cartier
Quebec and Montreal by Samuel de Champlain
Biloxi, Mississippi by Robert LaSalle
Settled land past the Appalachians Spain Destroy Native Americans
Demand Spanish become the official language
All people are Roman Catholic
Create plantations to harvest crops for exports God, Gold, Glory Irish Immigration Dutch St. Augustine, Fl
Oldest European colony in the New World
Established to prevent French or Dutch settlement in North America People moved the the New World for
job opportunities
better/new life/restart
food, shelter, other necessities Dutch opened their colony in North America to commit raids on English, French, and Spanish ships
Colony was called New Amsterdam (New York) Goals:
Stop spread of Catholic Church
Use colonies as a source of revenue Asia Imperialism Isolationism Monroe Doctrine Open Door Policy Washington's Farewell Address The social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group Warned European countries to keep out of US affairs and development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere Panama Canal Stated that European nations should not intervene in countries to the south of the US, however under certain conditions, United States intervention might be justified. Began in Europe
Came to America from England New and Improved Technology:
Mass Production
Interchangeable Parts
Assembly Line
Division of Labor Gentlemen's Agreement Railroads
Improved ships
Steam Engine
Lightbulb British Mercantilism-the belief that power depends upon monetary wealth; colonies are a source of wealth Annexation of Hawaii Was a provisioning station for the United States Navy in the Pacific

McKinley Tariff raised barriers on sugar and fruit produced on the island as foreign goods

Stanford Dole and other White settlers pushed to have Hawaii admitted as a United States territory (wanted to raise pineapples and sugar canesa)

A revolt in 1893 removed Queen Liluokalani from power and Hawaii was annexed in 1898 Goals
Increase the speed of shipping of commerce across the Americas

Increase security

Increase financial profit by charging foreign nations a toll to gain access to the canal Platt Amendment Forbid Cubans from making treaties or contracting a debt; Allowed US to intervene in Cuba with troops to restore order and provide protection "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History" Alfred Thayer Mahan in 1890

Argued that control of the sea was the key to world dominance

This belief sparked the creation of a modern US Navy

The idea to create a canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans came about John Hay

Effort to maintain American access to China

Requested foreign countries to respect Chinese rights and promote fair trade with low tariffs

Prevented formation of monopolies A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, religiously and/or economically. Agreement between the US and Japan

Segregation against Japanese would be illegal at the San Francisco School Board if Japanese immigration was limited Permanent Alliances Political Parties US wanted to maintain trading relations with both sides became an issue later on because both British and Germans attacked US merchant ships Catholic
1830-1840: Great Potato Famine
New York, Boston, Philadelphia
Worked on railroads, canals, and in houses
Competed with African Americans for jobs and faced discrimination Neutrality Arrived between 1830 and 1860

Immigrated to the West and Midwest
Began farming Introduced
Pretzle, bratwurst, strudle, beer, and the Christmas tree Chinese Chinese Exclusion Act (1882): It was the first major law that restricted immgration; Halted Chinese immigration and prohibited them from becoming citizens Worked on the Transcontinental Railroad West Indies and Central America Issued due to British intervention in South America Territorial Claims Louisiana Purchase From: France
Added a great amount of land to our nation for just 3 cents an acre Mexican Cession Florida Oregon Territory Alaska From: Spain in the Adams Onis Treaty From Russia Shared territory between England and France
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