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How A Bill Becomes a Law - Cat Edition

Want to learn about government? Why not have some cat pictures to go with it?

Brennan Smith

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of How A Bill Becomes a Law - Cat Edition

With Cats How A Bill Becomes a Law The Idea Implementation Before any legislation can be created, someone has to have an idea for what needs to be done The committee process refines a bill, and committee members can add or remove portions of the bill that they think are necessary or unnecessary. Committee On the floor of either the house or the senate, a bill is debated, and a simple majority is needed to pass it The Floor After a unified version of a bill has been passed in both houses of congress, it is sent to the desk of the president Finalization and Approval Once a bill has been signed into law (or passed by a 2/3rds majority) it is put into effect This idea can either come from essentially any source, including constituents, lobbyists, and party officials. This initial idea proposal is a bill Once the committee finishes with a bill, it is sent to the floor of either the house or the senate. After a bill is passed in one house of congress, it moves to committee in the other, and a new version of the bill is passed there. The President can either sign the bill, in which case it becomes a law, or veto it. If a law is vetoed, it is sent back to congress. A 2/3rds majority vote will cause that bill to become a law. Standing Committee The committees that work with a bill before it reaches the floor are called standing committees. There are 19 in the house, 16 in the senate, and they are permanent Conference Committee After a version of a bill has been passed in both houses, a conference committee is called. Unlike standing committees, conference committees are bicameral (include members of both houses), and are not permanent fixtures. They are newly created for each bill that comes to a vote After the conference committee has created a version of the bill both houses agree on, it goes to a vote in both. Cloture is the process for ending a debate or filibuster, and voting on a bill. 60 members of the senate are needed to file for cloture and force a vote. Filibuster A bill can be prevented from being brought to a vote by a filibuster.
A filibuster is, in theory, a prolonged speech or debate. In reality most filibusters never get to that point, and the bill simply never goes to a vote without 60 members of the senate A quorum is the minimum number of members of a legislative body needed to take a vote. A simple majority is the standard for a quorum in both the house and the senate. From there it is enforced with the full legal force of the federal government behind it (barring any challenges of constitutionality, but that is an entirely separate issue)
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