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Transcript of Circulo Hispano-Filipino
Established by a group of Filipino students in Madrid.
aims to voice out the concerns of Filipinos.
Notable members of the organization:
Marcelo H. del Pilar
Graciano Lopez Jaena
Revista del Circulo Hispano-Filipino
- a newspaper published by the organization which aimed at expressing thoughts about the abusive Spanish goverment.
However the publication was short-lived
due to lack of funds and conflicting political issues,
thus, leading to the dissolution of the organization.
Rizal himself had this culture of reading
which some Filipinos failed to acquire.
Rizal grew up in a home with a large library.
Which is rare during the 19th century.
He owned a collection of over 2,000 books, which he left with Jose Ma. Basa in Hong Kong.
But because she was unable to present
concrete proof of her marriage to Rizal,
she dropped the claim.
Jose Maria Basa (1839-1907)
was one of the people imprisoned for fighting against the Spaniards in 1872.
after 2 years, he was given freedom under the condition of never returning to the Philippines.
he moved to Hong Kong with his family.
Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. Del Pilar and Graciano Lopez Jaena lived with Basa for a short period of time.
Josephine Bracken, who was the common-law wife of Jose Rizal, realized the monetary value of Rizal's library and tried to claim it as Rizal's 'widow'.
Some of the books that Rizal read:
Honore de Balzac's books
Alexander Dumas' books
Count of Monte Cristo
The complete works of Pierre Jean de Beranger
Moliere (Jean Baptiste Poquelin)
Charles de Secondat Montesquieu
Daniel Defoe’s "Robinson Crusoe"
Charle’s Dicken’s "David Copperfield"
Hans Christian Andersen’s "Fairy Tales"
Beaumarchais' "The Barber of Seville" and the "Marriage of Figaro"
Books about the Philippines:
Azcarraga y Pamero’s "La Libertad de comercio en las Isalas Filipinas"
Blumentritt’s "Breve diccionario etnografico de Filipinas"
Meyer’s "Album von Philippinen Typen"
Montero y Vidal’s "El Archipelago Filipino y las Islas Marianas" and "Carolinas y Palaos"
Baille’s "Las Maravillas de la Electricidad"
Baire’s six-volume Studies of Birds
Buenet’s Drawings and Ornaments of Architecture
Balter’s The Art of Grafting and Budding
Duyckinck’s Lives and Pictures of the Presidents of the United States
Money’s Java: or How to Manage a Colony
Levy’s Treatise on Public and Private Hygiene
Nasau Lees’ Tea Cultivation, Cotton and other Agricultural Experiments in India
These books reveal Rizal’s wide range of interests, proving he really was a universal man.
1. When was
2. Who led the organization?
3. Give at least 2 members
of the organization.
4. What was the name
of the newspaper published
by the organization?
5. How many books did Rizal own?
6. He left all his books at a friend's house who lived in Hong Kong. Who was that friend?
7. Who was Rizal's common-law wife?
8. Give at least one book that Rizal read.
Izza Marie Angeles