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American Revolution A to Z

Nicholas Brown - Project
by

michelle bradley

on 2 January 2013

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Transcript of American Revolution A to Z

American Revolution A to Z I is for Intolerable Acts The Intolerable Acts were laws passed by British Parliament in 1774. The British government passed the laws to get out of debt after the French and Indian War. Some of the acts passed include the Stamp Act and Townshend Act. O is for Olive Branch Petition In July 1775 the Continental Congress adopted the Olive Branch Petition to try and prevent war between Britain and the Colonies. Loyalists in the Second Continental Congress supported the petition, but John Adams and a few others wanted to start a war. Unfortunately, the petition was rejected and the king declared the Continental Congress traitors. C is for Constitution The Constitution of the United States was signed during the Constitutional Convention of 1787. After that, it was ratified by the original thirteen colonies. Today, the Constitution is still the supreme law of the United States of America. S is for Stamp Act D is for Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is a document declaring the Thirteen Colonies independent from Great Britain. It was adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 and signed by representatives like Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. The Independence Day of the US is celebrated on July 4th every year. K is for King George III King George III (1738-1820) was king of Great Britain from 1760 until he died. Because of the taxes he put on the colonies, colonists either loved or hated him. Loyalists would salute his flag and hold parties in his honor while Patriots burned effigies of him. The Stamp Act was passed in 1765 by British Parliament. The colonists were ordered to pay taxes on printed materials like legal documents, magazines, newspapers, and other items. The colonists were very angry because they were not represented in Parliament when the act was passed. Most colonists believed it was against their rights as Englishmen to be taxed without permission. Q is for Quartering Acts The Quartering Act was a law passed by British Parliament in 1765 that made colonists help out British soldiers. Colonists were supposed to allow them to live in their houses and provide for them. Colonists were definitely not okay with this which fueled fire for the Revolution. A is for American Revolution The American Revolution War was fought between 1775-1783. The 13 Colonies fought for and gained their independence from Great Britain. The end of the war led to the creation of the United States of America. W is for (Guerrilla) Warfare Guerrilla warfare is a tactic where soldiers surprise attack the enemy and suddenly disappear. This tactic was first used by South Carolina militiamen at the Battle of Kings Mountain. The soldiers were successful because they knew the land better than the British. L is for Loyalists Loyalists, also known as Tories, were colonists loyal to the king. Most people in the Loyalist group didn’t like the new taxes, but still would not fight against their king. However, the group was outnumbered by Patriots who took up 2/3 of the population E is for Effigies Effigies are dummies made to be hung as a protest or to show anger. During the Revolutionary War, Patriots, like the Sons of Liberty, hung and burned effigies of English officials. Burning and hanging effigies was a way to express hatred against loyalists and the King’s Men. Z F is for French and Indian War The French and Indian War was fought in the colonies between 1754-1763 between France and Great Britain. The war almost doubled Britain’s national debt which caused the King to impose new taxes on the colonies. These new taxes led to the start of the American Revolutionary War. V is for Victory On October 17, 1781 the British military fighting at Yorktown sent out a drummer and an officer waving a white flag. Negotiations started on October 18 and on October 19, the final document was signed. Victory was earned by the colonists and the war was over! B is for Boston Tea Party After a tax was put on tea, Boston radicals dressed as Indians tossing 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. The group was led by Samuel Adams and suspected to be organized by the Sons of Liberty. None of the British East India Company tea reached American citizens. R is for Redcoats A redcoat during the American Revolution was a British soldier. The men were known as redcoats because of the red uniforms worn by most of the British military. Other nicknames were because of the color of their uniforms too, like “bloody backs” or “lobsters”. Y is for Yorktown Yorktown, Virginia is the city where the American Revolution ended. Before the British surrendered, the American and French armies weakened Britain’s defense and sent two regiments to attack the last remaining British soldiers. After two days of negotiation, Britain surrendered. X H is for Patrick Henry Patrick Henry (1736-1799) was an attorney, planter, and politician against Great Britain’s taxes on the Thirteen Colonies. Henry led the fight against the Stamp Act of 1765 by giving very inspirational speeches. The famous phrase, “Give me Liberty, or give me Death!” was in a speech given by Henry in Virginia. T is for Charles Townshend Charles Townshend (1725-1767) was a British politician. Townshend came up with the Townshend Acts which taxed several items including glass, paper, and tea. He estimated that the tax would make about $40,000 for the English treasury. G is for Christopher Gadsden Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805) was a soldier and statesman from South Carolina and one of the founders and leaders of the Charleston Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty was a group of American Patriots that protected the rights of colonists. The group was against taxes by the British government and for the independence of the Thirteen Colonies. P is for Proclamation of 1763 The Royal Proclamation of 1763 banned colonists from settling past the Appalachian Mountains. This influenced the American Revolution because colonists were angry that they could not expand their settlements. The settling lines were pushed back later, but the Proclamation did add to the tension between Britain and the Colonies. J is for Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was the main author of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress and chosen to write the first draft of the Declaration. His words are still honored today! N is for "No Taxation Without Representation" No taxation without representation is a phrase used during the American Revolution to show colonists dislike of taxes. Colonists believed that any laws passed by British Parliament didn’t have to be followed because they were not represented in Parliament. The phrase is still used in other countries who are going through that same problem. M is for Monopoly Monopoly is the exclusive control over a good or service. The most influential monopoly during the American Revolution was the East India Company. Until 1767 the East India Company paid a 25% tax on tea imported to Britain. To help the monopoly, Britain passed the Indemnity Act which lowered their tax on tea. To make up for the loss of money they taxed the colonists with the Townshend Act. U Nicholas Brown
8th Period
January 4, 2013
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