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Induction and Deduction

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by

Sadie Allgeier

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Induction and Deduction

You are able to take a general principle about something in literature (like the character) and find specific examples in the text to support it. Purpose Deduction Rhetorical method where general statements and conclusions are drawn from specific principles (specific to general). Induction You are able to gather examples from the text to come up with a general idea about a character, the theme, or the author's message. Purpose Examples An address by FDR on December 8, 1941
"Yesterday the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam. Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands. Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island. And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island. Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area." Induction and Deduction By: Sadie Allgeier Deduction Induction Rhetorical method where specific statements and conclusions are drawn from general principles (general to specific). Examples Vizzini in the Princess Bride, 1987
"You'd like to think that, wouldn't you? You've beaten my giant, which means you're exceptionally strong, so you could've put the poison in your own goblet, trusting on your strength to save you, so I can clearly not choose the wine in front of you. But, you've also bested my Spaniard, which means you must have studied, and in studying you must have learned that man is mortal, so you would have put the poison as far from yourself as possible, so I can clearly not choose the wine in front of me. " I
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Shows Examples I loaned my friend $50 last November and he failed to pay me back. I loaned him another $50 just before Christmas, which he hasn't paid back , and yet another $25 in January, which is still unpaid. I suppose it's time to face facts: He's never going to pay me back. Examples Sherlock Holmes and Watson were on a camping trip. They had gone to bed and were lying there looking up at the sky. Holmes said, "Watson, look up. What do you see?""I see thousands of stars.""And what does that mean to you?""I guess it means we will have another nice day tomorrow. What does it mean to you, Holmes?""To me, it means someone has stolen our tent."
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