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Factors Affecting Climate

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Sarah Adlam

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of Factors Affecting Climate

Hot currents move water from low levels of latitude to high

Cold currents move water from high level of latitude to low

Depending on what current runs next to a particular land mass will determine the temperature
Ocean Currents
Oceans heat up and cool down much slowly than land

Coastal towns are usually cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places further inland (even if they are at the same latitude & altitude)
Distance from the ocean
A prevailing wind is the most frequent wind direction in that location

Cool winds come off the oceans, hot winds come off the deserts

The Fremantle Doctor is a prevailing wind in Perth that controls our temperature
Prevailing Winds
The higher above sea level you are, the colder the temperature is

For every 100m you climb, the temperature drops by 1 degree
(Height above sea level)
The further you are from the equator, the colder it gets

Near the poles, there is more atmosphere that the sun needs to get through in order to warm the Earth
(Distance from the equator)
Factors Affecting Climate


Prevailing Winds
Distance from the ocean
Ocean Currents
Great mountain ranges
This is also known as the 'Orographic Effect' or a rainshadow

The windward side of the mountain usually experiences more rain and colder temperatures

The leeward side of the mountain usually experiences less rain and warmer temperatures
Great mountain ranges
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