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Kinds of Nouns/Singular and Plural Nouns
Transcript of Kinds of Nouns/Singular and Plural Nouns
are names of specific people, places or things.
are for only one of a thing.
are things that can be counted.
A noun is a person, place, or thing.
are for two or more of a thing.
Most of the time...
singular + s
singular + es
are shorter words that replace nouns.
are things that cannot be counted.
Proper nouns always start with a capital letter.
My favorite singer is Beyonce.
I went to Paris and saw the Eiffel Tower.
The names of days, months, and holidays are also proper nouns.
I went to the grocery store.
I went to Home Plus.
"grocery store" is not a proper noun.
"Home Plus" is a proper noun.
My birthday is next Thursday.
We celebrate Christmas in December.
My cousin is a doctor.
Here, "doctor is not a proper noun.
Doctor Smith lives in Seattle.
Here, "doctor is a proper noun.
But the names of seasons are not.
It is very cold this winter.
Pronouns are words like "she", "her", and "it".
Sarah has a dog. Sarah got Sarah's dog from Sarah's mother. Sarah's dog loves Sarah.
Sarah has a dog. She got it from her mother. It loves her.
Pronouns are different for the different nouns they replace.
We will learn more about the different pronouns another day.
* * * * *
Many nouns can have a number right in front of them, and they can be singular or plural. These are count nouns.
Alli ate one cookie.
Alli ate seven cookies.
Phoebe read a book.
Phoebe read thirty books.
Jamie bought one sweater.
Jamie bought three sweaters.
But some nouns can't have a number right in front of them, and they can't be plural. These are non-count nouns.
Chris played in the snow
Chris played in eleven snows.
I ate stinky tofu
I ate two stinky tofus.
Knowledge is important
Four knowledges are important.
You need another word after the number for non-count nouns
Chris drank orange juice
Chris drank three glasses of orange juice.
I ate stinky tofu
I ate two plates of stinky tofu.
Sam took out the trash
Sam took out three bags of trash.
Some nouns can be both count nouns and non-count nouns, but they mean different things.
August ate two pizzas.
August ate two pieces of pizza
What is the difference?
Luke wrote four papers for class
Luke needs a piece of paper for class
What is the difference?
We also use plural nouns to talk about things in general.
I like reading a book.
I like reading books.
What's the difference?
Concrete- things that can be seen, smelled, heard, tasted, or touched
People - dentist
Animals - dog
Places – Taipei 101
Abstract-Names an idea, feeling, quality, or characteristic (words that don’t relate to the 5 senses)
Actions/events – childhood, Monday, holiday
Feelings – anger, happiness
Qualities – beauty, truth
Concrete and Abstract
RULES FOR SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS
Rule Singular Plural
1. Add -s to most singular nouns monster, dragon monsters, dragons
2. Add –es to nouns ending in s, sh, ch, x, or, z._ bus, dish, peach, fox, buzz Buses, dishes,, peaches, foxes, buzzes
3. Add –s to most nouns that end in o. kilo, Euro kilos, Euros
Always add –s to nouns that end in a vowel and o.) cameo, video cameos, videos
4.Add –es to a few nouns that end in o. buffalo, potato buffaloes, potatoes
5Change the y to an i and add –es to most nouns ending in y. berry, activity berries, activities
6. If a vowel comes before the y, add –s. studio, zoo studios, zoos
7. Change the f to a v and add –es to most nouns that end in f or fe half, scarf, knife halves, scarves, knives
Add –s to a few nouns that end in f or fe.
8.Some nouns keep the same spelling. fish, shorts, pants, eyeglasses fish, shorts, pants, eyeglasses
9. The plural forms of some nouns are irregular. cactus, goose, mouse cacti, geese, mice
(Irregular means that the spelling of some nouns change in their
A word that names a group of people or things
A group of people
class (of students)
army (of soldiers)
crew (of sailors)
crowd (of people)
team (of players)
staff (of employees)
A group of things
A group (of kids)
A basket (of fruit)
Practice and Homework
After reading through this week's grammar lesson, please complete the following activities in your workbooks:
Vocabulary Notebook Pages
Grammar Workbook Pages
Reminder that your typed First Draft is due on Friday 10/10