Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

ICZM Presentation

No description
by

Catherine Oliver

on 15 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of ICZM Presentation

A Locally Managed Marine Area Network in the Fiji Islands

Solutions
Fiji Islands Locally Managed Marine Areas Network (FLMMA)
Partnership of local communities, NGOs and government agencies
Problems
References
Alifereti, T. (2007). Scaling-up networks of locally managed marine areas (LMMAs) to island wide ecosystem
management while decentralising the effort of Fiji LMMA network and its implementation from national to provincial levels." A Kadavu Yaubula Management Support Team (KYMST). [ONLINE]. Available at: http://www.lmmanetwork.dreamhosters.com/files/tawake_2007_scaling_up.pdf [Accessed 10 May 2014].
Govan, H., Aalbersberg, W., Tawake, A., and Parks, J. (2008). Locally-Managed Marine Areas: A guide for
practitioners. The Locally-Managed Marine Area Network. [ONLINE]. Available at: http://www.lmmanetwork.org/files/lmmaguide.pdf [Accessed 10 May 2014].
Govan, H., Jupiter, S. and Comley, J. (2012). Recognition and Support of ICCAs in Fiji. Kothari, A. with Corrigan, C.,
Jonas, H., Neumann, A., and Shrumm, H.(eds). CBD Secretariat Technical Series No. 64.
Govan, H., Tawake, A., Korovulavula, I. and Tawakelevu, S. (2009). Summary analysis of site support costs for Fiji
Locally Managed Marine Area (FLMMA)-Institute of Applied Sciences (USP) sites. IAS Technical Report, 2.
The Locally-Managed Marine Area (LMMA) Network. (2004). Learning Framework. [ONLINE]. Available at:
www.lmmanetwork.org [Accessed 10 May 2014].
GVI (Global Vision International). (2013). GVI Marine Conservation and Community Development Program Fiji.
[ONLINE]. Available at: http://gvifiji.blogspot.co.uk [Accessed 10 May 2014].
Mills, M., Jupiter, S. D., Pressey, R. L., Ban, N. C. and Comley, J. (2011). Incorporating Effectiveness of
Community‐Based Management in a National Marine Gap Analysis for Fiji. Conservation Biology, 25(6), 1155-1164.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (2012). Fiji Locally-Managed Marine Area Network, Fiji.
Equator Initiative Case Study Series. New York, NY
Veitayaki, J. (2000). Fisheries resource-use culture in Fiji and its implications. Culture and sustainable
development in the Pacific, 116-130.
Verdone, M. and Seidl, A. (2012). Fishing and Tourism in the Fijian Economy. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 20 pp.
William, A., Tawake, A. and Parras, T. (2005). Village by village: recovering Fiji's coastal fisheries. Institute of
Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific.
WWF (2014). Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). [ONLINE]. Available at: http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/
wwf_offices/fiji_islands/our_work/protected_areas/ [Accessed 10 May 2014].
Lessons Learned
Background
Archipelagic state of some
300

islands
located in the South Pacific

Marine and coastal ecosystems provide significant
physical
,
economic
,
social
and
cultural
benefits to its people

900,000-strong population
, remain heavily reliant on traditional, subsistence livelihoods

Marine resources to meet
daily protein needs
and provide
cash income
(UNDP, 2012)

Fiji Islands
Long practiced traditional management systems: seasonal bans and temporary no-take areas that can be adapted for modern use
Pre-Intergrated Coastal Zone Management Strategies
“Qoliqoli”

An area of sea where customary native fishing rights exist
When the chief of a village dies, a portion of the community’s fishing ground is set aside as no-take, opened after 100 days
Marine Resources
Fishing
Income per year around 4% of GDP. Most fishers’ are subsistence and are mainly hand-to-mouth

Tourism
Income per year up to 67% of GDP

Sperm whale (
Physeter macrocephalus
)
Bumphead parrotfish (
Bolbometopon muricatum
)
Humphead wrasse (
Cheilinus undulatus
)
Leatherback sea turtle (
Dermochelys coriacea
)
Increase
in
population
Uncaring by
community members
Fish for
sale
Too many monetary obligations
Destructive fishing
methods
Coral
harvesting
Too many
fishing licenses
Financial problems
Few sources of income
Overfishing
Unsustainable fishing
Pollution
Commerce and development
Climate change: habitat degredation
FLMMA
Integration of
traditional
and
scientific
knowledge

(Govan
et al
., 2008)
Benefits
As of 2009
250
LMMAs
10,745 sq. km
(approx. 10% of territorial waters)
235
management tools (MPAs)
Low
cost
: establishing Navakavu LMMA <US$ 12,000 over five years and profits were about US$ 37,800 in benefits to the community.
Return of crab
after a 50-year absence.
Red spotted box crab (
Calappa calappa
)
(UNDP, 2012)
Catherine Oliver
"Tabu"
Fish drive
Qoliqoli Bill 2006
(Verdone and Seidl, 2012)
(Govan
et al.
, 2008)
(UNDP, 2012)
Inadequate
resources
Poachers
Inconsistent support from government
Ownership of "qoliqoli"
Differing
national participation
Relies on volunteers
Drawbacks
(UNDP, 2012)
Average 43% increase across three villages
Kaikoso clam (
Anadara antiquata
)
Photos: C. Oliver
Full transcript