Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Discourse Analysis G1: Bundles in Academic Discourse

No description
by

Ashley Yeonji.Park

on 15 February 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Discourse Analysis G1: Bundles in Academic Discourse

Definition of Bundles Bundles in Academic Discourse Ken Hyland (2012) Frequently recurring sequences of 3-5 words that appear more repeatedly than expected by chance, that are usually neither idiomatic nor complete grammatical units. Hyland, K. (2012). Bundles in academic discourse. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 32, 150-169. doi: 10.1017/S0267190512000037 Presented by: Lauren Carpenter, Holly Fernandez
Ashley Yeonji Park, Allie Pagano Bundles or Idiomatic Phrase? as well as the a cup of tea my cup of tea as a result of In my shoes Keep in touch Think about your own language use in speaking and writing. Choose two or three bundles that you feel you use frequently. In what context do you use these bundles? Table 1. Ranked Four-Word Bundles in the British National Corpus Baby Edition by Frequency (Hyland, 2012) History of Bundles - Began in 1993 with the pioneering work of Bengt Altenberg.

- Altenberg developed the methodology to identify and analyze the function and grammar of frequently recurring word combinations.

- The number of words taken into consideration when identifying bundles varies, but Hyland’s corpus is 3.5 million words of academic articles. Functions of Bundles Coxhead & Byrd (2007)
- Repetition offers ready-made sets of words.
- Help define fluent use and legitimacy.
- Reveal the lexical and grammatical ways a community makes meaning.
Sinclair's (1991) Idiom Principle:
- Speakers and writers co-select words in routine ways.
Hoey (2005)
- Words are mentally primed from our experiences and associations. Types of Bundles Research Oriented (Ideational): Help writers to structure their experiences of the real world (at the beginning of, at the same time, in the present study)

Text-oriented (textual): Concerned with the organization of the text and its elements as a message (on the other hand, these results suggest that, in the next section.)

Participant-oriented (interpersonal): focus on the writer and reader of the text (may be due to, it is possible that, should be noted that) Structures of Bundles preposition + noun phrase fragments (Biber et al 1999)
-as a result of, at the end of, on the basis of

noun phrase + of phrase fragments (Hyland 2008, Scott and or alle 2006)
-the end of the, the nature of the, the beginning of the

anticipatory it fragments (Hyland &Tse 2005)
-it is important to, it is possible that, it should be noted. Academic bundles are frequently... "...[I]f learning to use the more frequent fixed phrases of a discipline can contribute to gaining a communicative competence in a field of study, there are advantages to identifying these bundles to better help learners acquire the specific rhetorical practices of their communities."
(Hyland, 2012) Constructing Texts
Using Bundles

1. Google Scholar the term that I want to research
2. Scan the Google Scholar results for the most cited and for related terms
3. Look at the “related articles” link on the search results
4. Sort the search results by date to make sure I have the most recent work on the topic
5. Repeat the above steps in Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts Database.
6. Cross check my bibliography with others looking for any omitted important references
7. Narrow my bibliography identifying up to date and seminal work(s)
8. Decide how I will categorize the references: chronologically, by research method, by related variables, etc.
9. Decide where the gap lies in the literature Bundles...
1. in order to
2. one of the
3. a number of
4. the relationship between
5. some of the
6. can be used to
7. in the case of the
8. one of the most important
9. it can be observed Bundles In Action Try to determine the type of source for each of the sentences below.
One is from academia, one from fiction, and one from a newspaper.
What purpose do the bundles serve?
What message are they communicating? Now you try it:
I will pass out envelopes of clauses/phrases
Try to place them in order on the table
Write bundle insertions to create a fluid text
Photograph your text and email to me to share on Moodle (my email is on the envelope)
Does anyone want to share with class?
Remember Labov & Waletzky narrative structure
Remember McCarthy theme/rheme structure In order to write a literature review I would first search for the term in Google Scholar. One of the most helpful tools that Google Scholar offers it that it gives “most cited” articles in its results. A number of other important articles will be found under the “related articles” link. The relationship between the seminal work(s) and the other related articles is important to determine with respect to the topic and the date published. Some of the most valuable sources will be found already but there is an important role in the use of a database. A number of the most important journals for the field of Applied Linguistics can be accessed through the Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts Database. The results of the search in the database can be used to crosscheck my bibliography looking for important sources that may have been omitted. In the case of the seminal work(s) already being identified, I can now narrow my bibliography on the basis of date and type of method used in the studies. One of the most important roles in the literature review is to decide how the sources will be categorized: chronologically, by research method, by related variables, etc. According to the categorization, it can be observed that there is a gap in the literature and you can then discover how to pursue your own study. 1. "In an attempt to harvest the famous winds of San Francisco's western edge, an alternative energy company is installing a wind turbine at the site of the Cliff House, home to such forward-thinking contraptions as the Camera Obscura." 2. "Plant hormones play a crucial role in controlling the way in which plants grow and develop." 3. "The thought had no more crossed my mind when I saw my target for the first time." 1. Newspaper Article
Rosato, Joe. (2013). Future Is Blowing at San Francisco's Cliff House. NBC Bay Area.

2. Academia
Davies, P. J. (Ed.). (2010). Plant hormones: biosynthesis, signal transduction, action!. Springer.

3. Fiction
King, Stephen. (2012). 11/22/63. New York: Simon & Schuster. What are bundles? Definition History Types & Structures Functions Pedagogic uses Thank you! Teaching Textuality Examples from
NYC Public Schools 1st Grade ESL Classroom 5th Grade Classroom Can bundles be taught in the classroom in a similar manner? Why or why not? How can bundles be taught in an ESL classroom? Constructing Text Research Oriented (Ideational): Help writers to structure their experiences of the real world (at the beginning of, at the same time, in the present study)

Text-oriented (textual): Concerned with the organization of the text and its elements as a message (on the other hand, these results suggest that, in the next section.)

Participant-oriented (interpersonal): focus on the writer and reader of the text (may be due to, it is possible that, should be noted that) 1. "In an attempt to harvest the famous winds of San Francisco's western edge, an alternative energy company is installing a wind turbine at the site of the Cliff House, home to such forward-thinking contraptions as the Camera Obscura." 2. "Plant hormones play a crucial role in controlling the way in which plants grow and develop." 3. "The thought had no more crossed my mind when I saw my target for the first time." What type?
Full transcript