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Feminist Critical Theory

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Laurie Lyon

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of Feminist Critical Theory

Three Waves of Feminism
First Wave Feminism
Late 1700's to early 1900's
Focused on white upper class women
Highlighted the inequalities between the sexes

-Mary Woolstonecraft
A Vindication of the Rights of Women,
“I do not wish them [women] to have power over men; but over themselves.”
Second Wave Feminism
1960's- 1970's
Equal working rights for women
National Organization for Women
Elaine Showalter
A Literature of Their Own, 1977
Set the stage for explosion of feminist literary studies
Simone de Beauvoir
Le deuxième sexe, 1972
"Man is defined as a human being and a woman as a female - whenever she behaves as a human being she is said to imitate the male."
Third Wave Feminism
Early 1990's- Present
Changes the focus from white, heterosexual, middle class women to expand on marginalized populations' experiences.

"OK now he was close, tried to domesticate you
But you're an animal, baby, it's in your nature
Just let me liberate you
Hey, hey, hey
You don't need no papers
Hey, hey, hey
That man is not your maker"

- "liberate"
- "man is not your maker"
Alice Walker
The Color Purple
"Everyday Use"
"In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens"
Mary Ellman
Thinking About Women

Analysis through Feminist lens
Founding Voices and Texts

Basic Tenet:
understanding gender inequality through study of:
-gender roles
-feminist politics
-sexual objectification
Current major voices and texts
Feminist Critical Theory Terms:
Feminist Critical Theory
Concepts Explored through Feminist Lens:
Works Cited

Brizee, Allen, and J. Case Thompkins. "Welcome to the Purdue OWL." Purdue OWL: Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

Delahoyd, Michael. "Feminism." Introduction to Literature. Washington State University. Web. 26 Aug. 2014.

Harcourt, Bruce. "Kirkus Review." Rev. of Thinking About Women, by Mary Ellman. Kirkus 30 October 1968. Web.

Hayward, Malcolm. "List of Critical Terms and Definitions." 22 June 1995. Web. 26 Aug. 2014.

"Kate Millett (American Feminist, Author, and Artist)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

"Literary Theories: A Sampling of Lenses." Como Park Senior High School. Saint Paul Public Schools. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

Marcus, Jane. "Woolf, Virginia." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 25 Aug. 2014.

O'Connor, Kate. "Feminist Approaches to Literature." Great Writers Inspire. University of Oxford. Web. 26 Aug. 2014.

Reid, Panthea. "Virginia Woolf (British Writer)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

Tekanji. “FAQ: What is the Male Gaze.” FinallyFeminism101. Word Press. Web. 27 Aug. 2014.

Blurred Lines by: Robin Thicke


Kate Millet
Sexual Politics

And that's why I'm gon' take a good girl
I know you want it x3
You're a good girl
Can't let it get past me
You're far from plastic
Talk about getting blasted
I hate these blurred lines
I know you want it x3
But you're a good girl
The way you grab me
Must wanna get nasty
Go ahead, get at me
-"i know you want it"
-"good girl"
-"get at me"
Female Subservience:
-"I know you want it"
-"good girl"
-"get at me"
Vindication for the Rights of Women

Mary Wollstonecraft
Simone de Beavouir
The Second Sex

Elaine Showalter
Women as Readers
Women as Writers
Virginia Wolfe
Mrs. Dalloway
To the Lighthouse

What do they make dreams for
When you got them jeans on
What do we need steam for
You the hottest chick in this place
I feel so lucky
Hey, hey, hey
You wanna hug me
Hey, hey, hey
-"when you got them jeans for"
-"you the hottest"
A Literature of Their Own
Male-produced literature
Female reading may change our idea of a given text-feminist critique
Cleopatra-Julius Caesar
Bernard Shaw
Women as the producer of textual meaning
"Gynocritics begins at the point when we free ourselves from the linear absolutes of male literary theory, stop trying to fit women between the lines of the male tradition" -Elaine Showalter
“women wrote in an effort to equal the intellectual achievements of the male culture, and internalized its assumptions about female nature”
“women reject both imitation and protest—two forms of dependency—and turn instead to female experience as the source of an autonomous art, extending the feminist analysis of culture to the forms and techniques of literature”
protested against male standards and values
Full transcript