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Musical Instrument Research Assignment

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Hannah Wong

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Musical Instrument Research Assignment

Musical Instrument Research Assignment
Indonesian Membranophones
Indonesian Idiophones
Indonesian Chordophones
Moko Drum
Moko drums originated from the island of
Alor in Indonesia. Moko drums are highly prized
on the island of Alor. It is believed that Moko
drums may have gotten their design from Dong Son
drums which originated in Vietnam, it's still wondered
whether Dong Son drums are older than Moko drums.
Moko drums have important ritual value and are still
considered to be a traditional part of a bridal dowry but
are in short supply.
Bedug Drum
The Bedug drum is mainly used for religious
purposes. The Bedug drum is played by
suspending it from a rack and hitting it with a padded
mallet. The Bedug drum is double barreled and big,
it is made with buffalo leather on both sides. Bedug
Drums are used as signals to tell people it is the end
or time for something religious like a prayer.
The Sasando is a traditional string instrument
native to Rote Island of East Nusa Tenggara,
Indonesia. The instrument is constructed with a
bamboo tube, wedges surrounding the tube and 28
strings which are attached from the wedge to the bottom
of the instrument.The tube would then be placed in
container made of woven palm leaves.The wedges
would provide different distances between the wedge
and bottom resulting in different sounds. The Sasando
is unique because it can be played using the melody,
bass and accord all at once.

The Kacapi is a zither-like Sundanese
instrument traditionally made from a Santol
tree.There are two different types of Kacapis,
Kacapi Parahu which is a resonance box with no
covering on the underside to allow the sound out and
is shaped like a boat whilst there is the Kapaci Siter
which posses a hole to allow the sound out and is
shaped like a trapezium. Both Kapacis however have different lengths of string attached which can be switched
to different scales, pelog, sorog/madenda, or slendro.
Kacapis are usually played in pairs one Kacapi is
Kacapi Indung (mother) which leads and provides
intros,bridges,interludes and tempo. Kacapi Anak
(child) fills in inter-note spaces with higher
The Suling is an Indonesian bamboo ring flute made from tamiang which is a thin walled bamboo tube, with 6 holes. Fingering positions effect the wavelengths and sound. Expressive techniques used are 'Slur' which is changing the tone of a note whilst continuing the airflow and 'Puruluk' which is when you open and close a hole with one or more fingers.
The Saluang originated from
Sumatra, Indonesia. The Saluang is a
flute made from thin bamboo, the
instrument only consists of 4 holes and is
very simple. Most Saluang players use a fairly hard technique called circular breathing which allows the player to avoid pausing to take a breath. There are also different styles of playing
such as the Pauah, Salayo, Kupak, Koto Tuo,
Suayan and Singgalang which is the hardest
to play. Each style is slightly different in pace
and technique.
The Angklung is an idiophone made of
several bamboo tubes which are put into a
bamboo frame. The bamboo tubes are carved
so they will have different pitches and notes when
By Hannah Wong
Indonesian Aerophones
This man is playing the Saluang in the style of Singgalang which is quite fast paced and consists of quickly repeated notes. Personally I think this particular
style sounds quite reedy, hollow, mysterious and
This man is playing the Saluang in the style of Pauah which is more slow and has longer notes at a time. I believe this style of the Saluang is also
quite reedy and hollow but also sweet,
resonant and tranquil.
The Suling in this piece sounds very sweet, graceful and tranquil. The melody is especially harmonious, warm and beautiful.
In this video a man is playing a Sasando without it's cover, the
sound is beautiful as the bass, melody and accord are all played at the same time. It sounds tranquil, sweet, heavenly,
shimmering and warm.
The kacapi in this video sounds very resonant and the melody is pleasant. The Kacapi sounds very happy, warm, energetic, smooth and strong.
Moko Drum
In this clip the Moko drum sounds rythmic,
strong, a bit hollow, resonant and metallic.
Bedug Drum
The Bedug drum in this clip is the rhythmic deeper sound. The Bedug drum sounds very deep, dull and quite strong.
The Kepyak is an idiophone made of
several bronze or iron plates strung together.
The Kepyak is played by a puppeteer in a
performance. the puppeteer uses his toes to hold
the mallet when playing the Kepyak.
The Kepyak sounds very metallic, resonant, quite sweet and dull.
The Angklung sounds very resonant, pure, clear, sweet and crystal like.
Full transcript