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Medical treatments

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Olivia Warren

on 3 March 2015

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Transcript of Medical treatments

In summary, most serious illnesses in the time of Romeo and Juliet were gross and deadly. Most caused by the unsanitary living conditions and simple lack of knowledge, prevention, or effective treatments.
By Olivia Boyuk and Olivia Warren
The main cause of many illnesses in Elizabethan times was the lack of sanitation, especially in large towns or cities like London. Back then there were open sewers in the garbage filled streets. Waste was occasionally removed and therefore dumped into the nearest river. Most diseases were easily spread in this unsanitary environment where fleas, lice and rats lived, and where there was no running water.
The Bubonic Plague is a deadly infectious disease
Caused by the enterobacteria Yersini petis, named after Alexander Yersin the French-Swiss bacteriologist.
The cause of this disease is a bite from an infected flea, resulting in an infection of the lymphatic system
The transmission of the bacteria can be by coughing or sneezing on another person, direct or indirect physical contact, airborne transmission, contaminated water or being carried by insects or other animals.
The symptoms of the bubonic plague are gangrene of the toes, fingers, lips and tip of nose, chills, ill feeling, high fever, muscle cramps, seizures, smooth and painful lymph swelling called a bubo, pain in swelling area, and pink hue in skin color
Many doctors came up with crazy cures such as:
treacle, a by-product of sugar production
victims began to visit or even live in foul smelling sewers
washing in urine
eating a spoonfull of crushed emeralds
bloodletting from leeches.

So as you can see most of these so called cures back then were very ineffective, so most victims of the plague died due to lack of effective treatment .
Smallpox is a deadly, contagious and disfiguring disease
It is caused by infection with variola virus
Smallpox can be transmitted by inhalation of the airborne disease, infected body fluids and direct facial contact.
The symptoms of the disease are high fever, muscle pain, malaise, headache and prostration, nausea, vomiting and backache.
By 12 days large lesions appear all over the skin.
Smallpox was eradicated worldwide in 1980

Unfortunately there was no cure for smallpox in the 1590s. Most victims did not die but rather recovered with multiple scars.
First known outbreak in Europe in the year 1490
Bacteria: Treponema Pallidum
2 scientists discovered in 1905, Fritz Schaudinn and Erich Hoffmann
Highly contagious, sexually transmitted
3 stages:
1) Sores develop from 3 weeks to 90 days after infection
2) Rashes found on hands or feet for 1 to 3 months, fever, weight loss, hair loss
3) if not treated properly, permanent symptoms such as: blindness, arthritis, brain and heart diseases, death

In the 2005 there were about 8,724 patients who had Syphilis. In 2013 the number of patients doubled so there were about 16,663. To diagnose Syphilis, you could do a blood test at medical clinic or a hospital. You could take penicillin or other antibiotics to slower the process of Syphilis. In older days, you could use chocolate to cure some diseases. After the people who were died, some scientists examined their bones. There was a plant that is named New World and it was used by the Spanish people to treat Syphilis in the 1590s to clean the bad air and cure them. Also they used herbs, mercury, cascara amarga (plant), vegetable remedies such as: Podophyllum, berberis, iris, phytolacca, corydalis, echinacea, stillingia, and chionanthus.
For our presentation we decided to talk about the four main diseases and treatments , of the 1590s, the time of Romeo and Juliet. These diseases were:

bubonic plague
Spanish people discovered a plant named "New World" to clean "bad air" around the sick people
Herbs, Cascara Amarga (plant), other vegetables used in remedies. Not effective.
Now blood test done to verify presence of bacteria
2005: 8,724 people had the disease
2013: 16,663 people had this disease
Today penicillin and antibiotics cure or slow it down
Arthropods have Rickettsiae
Henrique da Rocha Lima, brazilian doctor discovered the cause in Germany, 1916
Arthropods bite skin and cause infections
3 types of Typhus
Pidemic Typhus (bacteria)
Murine Typhus (rats or lice)
Scrub Typhus (mites)
Symptoms: headaches, fever, chills and rashes
Greek word meaning hazy or fever
Only transmission by bugs not humans
Anne Frank
There was no cure
If you were lucky, it cured itself
Serious complications if not treated
Today antibiotics are recommended
Such as: Doxycycline, and a few others
Antibiotics can slow the process down or stop it fully
Full transcript