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Transcript of The Vikings
By: Michael Cruz
Who were the Vikings?
*People of Germanic origins
*From Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
*Lived through the medieval period
*Spoke Old Norse
*Lived in decentralized farm communities
*Relied heavily on fishing
*Advanced knowledge of ship building
*Around 60 feet long
*Ships built for speed and manuverability
*Propelled by sails or manual oars
*Shallow draught allowed inland travel by river and stream
*Generally held 40-60 men
*Could travel between 10-11 knots
for Raids and Migration...
Expanding Trade and Commercial Contacts
*No centralized church
*No specific religious text
*Practices varied based on location and beliefs of the Chieftains
*Used sacrifices to appease the gods
*Valhallah Warrior heaven
Odin: All Father
Frey & Freyja: Fertility
Exposure to Christianity
*Raids and settlement in British Isles and Frankish territory:
Exposure to Christianity
*Some converted willingly or through treaty
*Mostly for peace, politics, and trade
*Generally maintained pagan beliefs and customs
Raids Across Europe
*Raids in single ships most common
*After 850, larger fleets were used:
Sometimes between 100-200 ships
*Targeted monasteries for easy loot and poor defense
*Winter camps set up in England between overseas campaigns
*Ring forts constructed in 10th century as main strongholds:
120 - 240 meter in diameter
Could house from 6,000 - 9,000 people
Permanent Settlements Outside of England
Founded Dublin, Ireland
*Vikings attacked Paris with over 100 ships:
Charles the Simple gave them a piece of France
Founded Northmanland (Normandy)
* Settled in Greenland
*Traveled to Newfoundland in North America
*Took thralls as slaves durring attacks:
Mainly Anglo-Saxon, Celtic, & Slavic
*Created a large market throughout Europe and Middle East
*Important part of commerce
Men held political and economic power
*Still had more freedom than many other women of their era
*Could inherit property, seek divorce, and claim dowries
*Also took part in migration
(Though not as much as men)
*Set up loose confederacy in Eastern Slavic territory:
BBC, ed. "Vikings." BBC. 2014. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/vikings/>.
Grabianowski, Ed. "How the Vikings Worked." How Stuff Works. N.p., 2014. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-figures/viking.htm>.
McKay, John P., et al. Western Society: A Brief History: From Antiquity to Enlightenment. Vol. 1. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009. Print.