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Assemblage Art Movement
Transcript of Assemblage Art Movement
By Sylvia Rasch & Alyssa Chavez
What Does Assemblage Look Like?
The Assemblage art movement sprung up in Europe and the U.S.A. in the twentieth century. It occurred in the same time frame as WWI, WWII, the Great Depression, and the rise totalitarianism. The new views and ideas stemming from these eye-opening events spurred on new forms of expression which are illustrated in Assemblage and many other art movements of the time.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression started in 1929 and ended around the time WWII started. During the Great Depression arose a time of new experimentation in the art world. Many artists attempted to reach broader layers of the public during this time.
World War II
World War II began in 1939 and ended in 1945. Nazi's stole many pieces of artwork from all the conquered territories, and majority of them have never been recovered. Much like the first World War, it also caused artists to attempt to relate many new views of society and humanity through new art forms.
October 22, 1925- May 12, 2008
Joseph Albers was one of mentors. He always told Robert to do the opposite of what he was taught.
Assemblage was a combination of found things that the artist chose to present as art. It was typically made of items that would not be perceived as art supplies at first glance.
He is also known for his art contribution in Neo-Dada and Abstract Expressionism. He didn't quite fit in abstract expressionism because he liked the freedom of possibility in his his work. Neo-Dada was similar to assemblage with the joining of everyday things with no particular order.
He expressed messages in his series Combines.
December 24, 1903- December 29, 1972
Joseph Cornell was born in 1903 in Nyack, New York. When his father passed away, 14 year old Cornell and his family moved to the Queens, New York City. The city’s culture and his significantly harsher lifestyle there forever affected his artwork.
Cornell had no formal art training of any sort, but he was influenced by the work of several other 20th century artists who were fiddling with ideas similar to his own. Duchamp, a Dada artist, used “readymades”, everyday found objects, to question what art truly was while utilizing juxtaposition. Cornell was also inspired by the abstract collages and constructions of Kurt Schwitters, another Dada artist. Kurt’s works used objects often thought of as “useless” to convey deep messages, prompting Cornell to take on creative depth in his own shadow boxes.
Instrumentalism- often, the objects in assemblage pieces were picked to convey a certain message both individually and working together as a united piece
152 x 127 cm
7' 5 1/8" x 6' x 8' 7/8"
81 3/4 x 70 x 24"
6' 3 1/4" x 31 1/2" x 8"
A Parrot for Juan Gris
A Pantry Ballet
include family life, origin, travel, schooling, experience
Cornell’s works, particularly his assemblage shadow boxes, were widely appreciated by fans of modern art. His unique, self-invented style introduced and popularized new concepts and variations on other 20th century techniques. Assemblage technique and other concepts that went hand-in-hand, such as juxtaposition, shone on full display and spread into other art movements of the time.
Cubism leads to experimentation with the arrangement of 3D objects.
Rauschenberg drew attention to and redefined the characteristics of assemblage through his highly interpretive pieces. Filled with odd combinations of objects that were seemingly unrelated, these works drew viewers in with the mystery of their true meaning. Bed, a paint-covered bed quilt, is an example of one such visual spectacle.
10 x 9 1/4 x 2 1/8 in
17 3/4 x 12 3/16 x 4 5/8 in
10 1/2 x 18 1/8 x 6 in
13 1/8 x 10 x 3 1/2 in
10 x 9 1/4 x 2 1/8 in
Verso of Cassiopeia
42 x 63 x 64 1/2 inches
He was born in Port Arthur, Texas.
He went to school at Kansas City Art Institute, Academie Julien and at Black Mountain College.
He went on a ten country tour to encourage world peace and understanding. The countries he went to were Japan, Cuba, Soviet Union, Mexico, Chile, Beijing, Berlin, Venezuela, and Tibet.
Marcel Duchamp’s “readymades” (created with assemblage technique) influence Dada ideas of art and society’s ideas of “good taste”.
Surrealists begin to utilize juxtaposition.
Totalitarianism, a type of government where one leader or group has total authority, began to rise throughout Europe . It changed many people's views on the function of society, affecting artistic messages and how they were communicated.
World War I
The War began on July 28, 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. It redefined traditional beliefs. Also, new developments in many fields, especially the new technology used for massacre and destruction, changed peoples views on progress and where humanity was headed