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Hyang-ak

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by

Sung Yoon Whang

on 10 March 2011

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Transcript of Hyang-ak

Hyang-ak Origins Instrumentation Musical Structure Influence 鄕樂 鄕樂 Traditional Music played in the Royal Palace since the Chosun Dynasty (15th century) Rarely enjoyed by the public,
but continued by the National
Music Academy Originated from the traditional folk
song of the Silla Kingdom Enjoyed by commoners of Silla Developed throughout the history, until chosen
as the palace music of Chosun Kingdom Korean Traditional Music What is Hyang-ak? Meaning of Hyang-ak - Refers to traditional music of Korea
- Traditional Instruments
- Royal palace music (Another style of royal palace music: Dang-ak - Chinese-originated music) People of Silla always had
to fight wars so they loved
peace. This led to Hyang-ak's
distinct characteristic: being
very moderate and reserved
in sound. - Has 5 notes (Hwang, Tae, Jung, Im, Mu)
- Has musical notation called "Jeong-gan-bo" A box represents a beat The horizontal lines show
division of a beat (eg. dotted crotchets) Music are divided into "Garak"s, which
is the same notion as "Movements" in
Western Art Music. Format Scale of Hyang-ak Instruments of Hyang-ak is all tuned Eb (Hwang
tuned as Eb). Generally, Hyang-ak is played in the
following scale. String Instruments Woodwind Instruments Komungo Kayageum Hyangbipa Daegeum Joonggeum Sogeum Received some influence from Chinese music, due to
the fact that Hyang-ak is a combined form of music
that was played by all three countries in the Korean
Peninsula. Hyang-ak influenced Japanese music. Japan did
not have its own music until the people of Baekje
went over and taught them Hyang-ak. Analysis Title: Cheon-nyeon Manse (Long live, for a thousand years) Garak: Gyemyeon Garak Dodri 0:00 - 0:15
Yanggeum, Gayageum, Komungo playing melodic ostinato with
the notes 'tae' and 'im'
Sepiri playing the melody alone
Danso, Haegeum, Daegeum playing a counter melody
Janggu playing on the first beat of each bar
Each bar containing 6 beats of half notes (6/8) Others (Non-traditional Hyang-ak Instruments) Yanggeum Danso Janggu Sepiri 0:16 - 0:30
Yanggeum, Gayageum and Komungo changes their melodic ostinato and plays different notes.
Danso, Haegeum, Daegeum and Sepiri keeps on playing the same melody and holds a high "Hwang' at the end.
Janggu keeps playing the same rhythmic ostinato. 0:30 - 0:40
Repetition of the first section (0:00 - 0:15) 0:40 - 0:51
Sepiri and Danso continues playing the melody an octave higher.
Rest of instruments play as accompanying part, an octave below, playing only on the first beat 0:51 - 1:12
Repetition of the first section (0:00 - 0:15)
Janggu plays playing another rhythmic ostinato 1:12 - 1:19
All woodwind instruments play a high pitched sustained note
Gayageum and Komungo keeps playing the same repetition 1:20 - 2:00
Repetition of the first section; however,
Yanggeum drops out from the melody and joins Daegeum and Haegeum
and plays melodic ostinato.
Sepiri plays a different melody 2:00 - 2:31
Gayageum and Komungo reverses the order of the notes they were repeating.
Sepiri plays a different melody
Haegeum, Daegeum, and Yanggeum plays different accompaniment part.
Danso playing same notes as Sepiri, but adding in some embellishments, creating a heterophonic texture. 2:31 - 2: 57
Repeats the first part
Danso keeps adding in embellishments, making heterophonic texture.
Gayageum and Komungo keeps playing the same melodic ostinato, but reverses
the order of notes. 2:58 - 3:20
Repeats the second section (0:16 - 0:30)
Yanggeum rejoins Gayageum and Komungo to play the accompaniment part, playing a melodic ostinato. 3:21 - End
Repeats the first section (0:00 - 0:16)
Ends with all instruments playing a high, sustained note for 6 beats
Full transcript