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emily mizikowski 8a

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Stephen Spizarny

on 20 November 2017

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Transcript of emily mizikowski 8a

Origin of Poison Gas
The First Successful Poison Gas Attack of War World 1
Tear Gas
Chlorine
The first gas the Germans used to kill in the war was chlorine.
Chlorine is a very dangerous chemical.
The effects it has when breathed in are damaged to the eyes, nose, lungs, and throat.
If exposed to it for long periods of time, the person can die by asphyxiation.
Asphyxiation is the state or process of being deprived of oxygen, which can result in unconsciousness or death; suffocation.
Origin of Poison Gas (Continued)
Though the French were the first ones to use any type of poison gas, the Germans were the first to study the subject seriously and fix the development.  
Large-Scale Use
Poison gas's first large-scale use was on January 31, 1915.
Germany had fired about 18,000 shells containing a liquid tear gas called "xylyl bromide" on Russian positions.
This was during the Battle of Bolimov.
Instead of vaporizing, which they wanted it to do, it just froze.
It had failed to have the effect the Germans wanted.
Uses For Poison Gas in WW1
by: Emily Mizikowski (aka, the girl who prefers Powerpoint™) :)
Poison gas was first used by the French.
It is commonly believed that the Germans were the first ones to use it, but it is, indeed, the French
In August 1914, which was the first month of the war (going by how many days there are in the month instead of July, August, September, etc.), the French fired tear gas grenades against the Germans. 
They were also the first to use it on a large scale.  
In October 1914, during Neuve Chapelle's capture, the German army released shells that contained a chemical that induced a violent fit of sneezing.
In January of 1915, Germans introduced tear gas. 
The tear gas was introduced on the Eastern Front. 
Mustard Gas
Mustard gas was the most widely used poison gas.
It was would kill soldiers, when they inhaled it, by blistering their lungs.
The deadly gas was invented in 1917.
Used by the Germans in war.
Invented by Fritz Haber.
The gas was reported to be one of the most effective gases in the war.
The attack was on April 22, 1915.
The Allied soldiers were attacked by the Germans with poison gas.
Many Allied soldiers were confused as to why their colleagues were on the ground, coughing and wheezing.
The cause was the yellow-grey gas floating above them; the poison gas.
This gas left about some of the 6,000 Allied soldiers dead.
Tear gas's immediate effect was coughing, irritation to the eyes, and also irritation to the respiratory tract.
It can cause fluid build-up in the lungs.
Like stated in slide 2, tear gas was first used in August of 1914.
Protection Against Poison Gas
Men who ran away from the poison gas suffered more than those who stayed in their place.
Movement worsened the effects of the poison gas.
The men who suffered the most were the ones on the ground who were wounded.
Protection Against Poison Gas
(Continued)
The gas was water-soluble.
If a man put a wet cloth up to his mouth, it would reduce the effects of the poison gas.
Soldiers would also wear standard-issue gas masks to help protect themselves from the gas.
More of the Gases Used in World War 1
(and who they were used by)
Xylyl bromide - both
Chlorine - both
Phosgene - both
Benzyl bromide - Central Powers
Chloromethyl chloroformate - both
Trichloromethyl chloroformate - both
Chloropicrin - Allies
Stannic chloride - Allies
Ethyl iodoacetate - Allies
Bromoacetone - both
Monobromomethyl ethyl ketone - Central Powers
Acrolein - Central Powers
Ethyldichloroarsine - Central Powers
These are only a few that were used, there were more.
Biblography:
“Poison Gas and World War One.” History Learning Site, www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-one/the-western-front-in-world-war-one/poison-gas-and-world-war-one/.
“Fritz Haber and WWI Gas Warfare - a Summary.” History in an Hour, 1 Nov. 2016, www.historyinanhour.com/2014/04/22/fritz-haber-gas-warfare-summary/.
Pruszewicz, Marek. “How Deadly Was the Poison Gas of WW1?” BBC News, BBC, 30 Jan. 2015, www.bbc.com/news/magazine-31042472.
“Firstworldwar.com.” First World War.com - Weapons of War: Poison Gas, firstworldwar.com/weaponry/gas.htm.
Full transcript