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Transcript of Marxism
Died: 1883 in London
German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist and revolutionary socialist.
Played a key part in the creation of the socialist movement Critique of Capitalism
Working class are exploited
Thus they become alienated
Marxists reject the idea that socialism can happen peacefully
Belief in absolute equality
Abolish all private property
State will wither away
Dictatorship of the Proletariat must happen before a state turns communism
Marx believed his theory was scientific rather than utopian. Workers work for the Capitalists
Profits are made, which workers do not see
Inequality alienates the exploited workers (proletariat)
Workers Rebel in Revolution
Dictatorship of the Proletariat
The Transition Marx said there was a transition to Communism after the Revolution
First all private property was to be abolished
State controls the Means of Production
Political Parties are abolished
State controls the media and education
Information controlled by the state to allow Socialist reeducation of the masses
Suppress groups supporting capitalism
Social equality would liberate the people
A classless society was created and so the state can wither away. Communism & The World In practice most countries that have had socialist revolutions have got stuck at the Dictatorship of the Proletariat Stage
You tend to find the following in these states
'Scientific Socialism' Hierarchy
Few Individual Liberties
State control of housing, industry, education, media
Political Groups are banned
Restriction of Movement
Massive increase in Military Spending
This is normally overseen by military and party elites Examples Soviet Union