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Christopher Columbus

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charlie hyman

on 13 December 2017

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Transcript of Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus
- Born in 1451 in Genoa, Italy into a family of weavers

- Poorly educated and became a sailor at age 14

- As a teen he participated in trading voyages in the
Mediterranean and Aegean Sea

-Settled in Portugal, joining other Italian merchants

- Gained navigational skills and knowledge of Atlantic wind systems while in Portugal
- Trading voyage to Greece (closest to Asia)

- On his 1st expedition into the Atlantic Ocean in 1476 his ship wrecked he, was forced to swim to coast of Portugal

- Eventually settles In Lisbon, Portugal, where he
marries Felipa Perestrello

- Columbus participated in several other expeditions to
Africa gaining knowledge of the Atlantic currents
Permission to New World
- Rejected by the Portuguese king for a three-ship voyage
of discovery

- His request was denied in Genoa and in Venice

- Asks the Spanish monarchy of Isabella and Ferdinand to finance voyages in 1486

- He was initially declined due to Spain's war with Muslims.
However was kept on as a retainer

Off to the Americas
- Spanish monarchy agrees to finance Columbus' Voyage to the Americas

- Set sail for the Americas in the Santa Maria along with the Pinta and Nina

- 1st reaches an island in present day Bahamas, claiming it for Spain

- Also reached Cuba and Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic)

- Santa Maria wrecks off coast of Hispaniola

- The men built a settlement with the lumber from the ship

- Columbus leaves with the two remaining ships for Spain while 39 men stay
in control of the settlement
- After Boasting about his first trip Columbus sets sail in 1493
on his 2nd expedition into the Caribbean

- The settlement in Hispaniola was ruined and the settlers were killed

- Columbus established a forced labor policy over the native
population to rebuild the settlement and mine for gold

- Sailed around the Caribbean to Cuba and Jamaica looking for gold
all while thinking he found the outer islands of China

- The admiral departed for Spain in 1496, leaving his brothers,
Bartholomew and Diego, in charge of the settlement

Second Voyage
Third Voyage
- His goal was to explore to the south of his existing discoveries, in the
hope of finding a strait from Cuba to India

- Columbus entered though the Gulf of Paria and planted the Spanish flag on the Paria Peninsula in Venezuela

- His return to Hispaniola was disastrous

- Both the Taino and the European immigrants had resented the rule
of Bartholomew and Diego Columbus

- The Spanish Crown sent a royal official who arrested Columbus and
stripped him of his authority

- He returned to Spain in chains to face the royal court
Final Voyage
- In 1502 he leaves for his final trip to the New World after Convincing King Ferdinand that one final voyage would bring the abundant riches promised

- He was forbidden to return to Hispaniola, Instead he was to resume his
exploration of the land to the south, the land he discovered on his 3rd
voyage to look for gold and a strait to India

- His feat of Caribbean trans-navigation, concluded with his exploration of
the coast and shores of Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica

- However, Indian resistance and the poor condition of his ships caused him
to turn back to Hispaniola resulting in an unsuccessful search for to the
Indian Ocean along with a lack of riches that he once promised

- A storm wrecked one of his ships stranding the captain and his sailors on
an island near Hispaniola

- A rescue party finally arrived, sent by the royal governor of Hispaniola, Columbus and his men were taken back to Spain in November of 1504
The Legacy of Columbus
- In his final years, Columbus struggled to regain his titles and riches

- He died on May 20, 1506, Still believing that he found the true Indies
or a shorter path to China

- He has been credited for opening up the Americas to European

- However he is also responsible for the poor treatment of the native people and the destruction of their lands

- He did fail to find a direct path to Asia however he can be credited with
the opening of trade between Europe and the New World and the
enormous effects of which is later known as the Columbian Exchange
King John II of Portugal refuses to back Columbus's proposed voyage across the Atlantic to the Indies.
Wife dies in Portugal and moves to Spain, as he continues to seek finance for voyage across the Atlantic.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain agree to support voyage across the Atlantic

Columbus departs from Palos, Spain
Departs from Cadiz on his final voyage to the New World After an unsuccessful trip

In 1503 he returns to Spain and dies 3 years after
Columbus is born in Genoa, Italy
Columbus settles in Lisbon, Portugal
- www.britannica.com




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