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Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society
Transcript of Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society
where the meaning of our lives matches the marvelous products of our labor." - Lyndon B, Johnson Great Society ESP Economic: "War on Poverty" By: Mariah Maki Commencement Address at the University of Michigan LBJ as President G.S. Programs: Health System 2.) "Remarkable and enduring achievements"
- Joesph A. Califano Jr. But also considered: Consisted of: 3.) "Waste, fraud (and) legislation"
- Daniel Lazar LBJ's childhood home, without electricity and indoor plumbing until 1939. Social: Moral Responsibility The Great Society was a response to a feeling of responsibility for the poor, impoverished and elderly. Political: Government to provide a "hand up" not "hand out" http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=790522 http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g60892-d196339-Reviews-Lyndon_B_Johnson_Boyhood_Home-Johnson_City_Texas.html Great Society programs were meant to break the cycle of poverty, allowing those effected to become contributing citizens Who was LBJ? The son of a Texas House Representative A staff member for Welly Hopkins and Richard Kleberg. A teacher A Director of the Texas National Youth Administration A Democrat A Silver Star recipient A New Deal supporter Senate Minority and Majority whip leader Before he was a politician, LBJ was: In World War II In the Senate and House of Representatives http://www.dailyyonder.com/files/u2/LBJ-and-Fletcher520.jpg As JFK's Vice President JFK's Assassination Dallas, Texas: November 22, 1963 Lyndon Johnson being sworn in as President aboard Air Force 1 November 22, 1963 Election of 1964 LBJ ran against Barry Goldwater and won by a significant majority Barry Goldwater The Results Unveiling of the Great Society:
May 22, 1964 (video) Health Care Legislation Statistics Health Programs Medicare Medicaid Commission on Heart Disease, Cancer and Strokes School breakfast program Community Health Centers Food Stamp Program Health Professions Educational Assistance Act National Institutes of Health Life Expectancy:
69.7 years in 1964 to 76.5 in 1997 Infant Mortality Rate:
26 out of 1000 live births in 1964 to 7.3 out of 1000 today School Breakfast Program:
Has served breakfast to over 100 million students since 1967 G.S. Programs: Education Head Start Provided for 800,000 preschool children in 1999 Higher Education Act passed in 1965
Aid for libraries and African American schools
Emphasized community service Elementary and Secondary Education Act passed in 1965
authorized federal government to assist individual school districts
Created bilingual and special education programs in schools Statistics Percentage of Americans that completed high school:
In 1965: 41%
By 1999: 81%
Today: Around 90% Percentage of Americans that held college degrees:
In 1965: 8%
By 1999: 24%
Today: 30.4% "Every young mind is set free to scan the farthest reaches of thought and imagination."
-LBJ G.S. Programs: "War on Poverty" "Every man has a right to a
Saturday night bath."
-LBJ Economic Opportunity Act http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e6/US-JobCorps-Logo.svg/130px-US-JobCorps-Logo.svg.png passed in 1964
Included many social programs:
Neighborhood Youth Corps
Basic education and adult job training
CAPS Statistics Percentage of Americans living below the poverty line:
In 1963: 22.6%
In 1970: 12.6% After LBJ's presidency, the percentage of Americans living below the poverty line:
In 1999: 13.3% G.S. Programs: Civil Rights "We seek...not just equality as a right and a theory, but equality as a fact and
as a result."
-LBJ Civil Rights Act of 1964 Passed in in July 1964 after an 83 day filibuster
Prohibited segregation and discrimination in public places
Made discrimination in employment and union membership illegal
Authorized Justice Department to file lawsuits against schools that refused to desegregate
One of John Kennedy's main pieces of legislation Voting Rights Act of 1965 Passed after a voting rights demonstration ended in trooper brutality
Allowed African Americans to register and vote, protected by federal forces Affirmative Action Program Positive Effects on African Americans In 1964, there were 300 elected, black, government officials in the South.
By 1998, there were 9,000 Life Expectancy:
Increased from 63.6 years in 1964 to 71.2 years in 1997 Actions taken to ensure "equal opportunity" for African Americans
Johnson's Executive Order 11246
Prohibited employment discrimination
Amended by Johnson in 1967 to include gender
Created the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs G.S. Programs: The Environment "Not only America the strong and America the free, but America the beautiful."
-LBJ http://www.blm.gov/ca/st/en/fo/folsom/merced.html http://www.thespacereview.com/article/396/1 Clean Air, Water Quality and Clean Water Restoration Acts Solid Waste Disposal Act Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act Aircraft Noise Abatement Act Environmental Protection Agency The Superfund National Trail System Act 35 new national parks Lyndon Johnson in Space http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_8 http://www.honeysucklecreek.net/msfn_missions/Apollo_8_mission/hl_apollo8.html Wild and Scenic Rivers Act G.S. Programs: The Arts Corporation for Public Broadcasting Daily news, educational programs, public television, radio talk shows National Endowments for the Arts and Humanities Created art councils, playhouses, opera companies, dance troupes and orchestras Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Dedicated to the memory of John F. Kennedy Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden G.S. Disrupted: Racial Tensions Race riots broke out in major cities across the
U.S. between 1965 and 1968 G.S. Disrupted: Vietnam Troop increases, high causality rates and a decline in American morale encouraged stronger
anti-war protest Different Outlooks Did the Great Society consist of
"remarkable and enduring achievements?" Achievements, yes.
Decrease in number of Americans living below the poverty line
Increase in birth rate, life span
Made the U.S. a world leader in medicine and health
Increased number of high school and college degrees
Civil Rights Achievements
Arts and Humanities appreciation
Remarkable? That's an opinion. Was the Great Society "waste, fraud (and) legislation?" An opinion, but:
Medicare and Medicaid are large problems for the current government
Inner-city situations have gotten worse, after all the resources dedicated to their improvement during the "war on poverty"
Very expensive In conclusion: Lyndon B. Johnson's overall reputation has been tarnished by the outcome of the Vietnam War. Some of his Great Society reform policies are still in place today though, demonstrating longevity and usefulness. Whether or not the Great Society was "remarkable" or a "fraud", however, depends on your outlook. Works Cited "A Brief History of Affirmative Action." Office of Equal Opportunity and Diversity. University of California,
Irvine, 3 May 2010. Web. 4 June 2013.
Beschloss, Michael R. Reaching For Glory. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. Print. 15 April 2013.
Beschloss, Michael R. Taking Charge. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997. Print. 23 April 2013.
Califano, Joesph A. Jr. “What Was Really Great About the Great Society.” Washington Monthly, Oct. 1999.
Web. 25 April 2013.
"History of Community Action." Illinois Association of Community Action Agencies. HIP Advertising, 2013. Web. 3
Johnson, Lyndon B. “Commencement Address at the University of Michigan.” University of Michigan Ann Arbor,
Michigan. 22 May. 1964. Commencement Address. Web. 15 April 2013.
“Lyndon B. Johnson.” The Whitehouse. USA.gov: n.d. Web. 16 April 2013 “Lyndon B. Johnson.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc.,
2013. Web. 16 April 2013
Mead, Walter R. "The Shame of the Cities and the Shade of LBJ." The American Interest. The American
Interest Magazine, 4 July 2011. Web. 3 June 2013.
Peters, Charles. Lyndon B. Johnson. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2010. Print. 8 April 2013
Rome, Adam. “Give Earth a Chance”: The Environmental Movement and the Sixties. Journal of
American History (2003): 525-554. Web. 20 April 2013.
"The Regional Medical Programs Collection." U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health,
Department of Health and Human Services, 26 Nov. 2012. Web. 4 June 2013. "Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother,
to thy poor, to thy needy, in thy land."
_Duet. 15:11, quoted by LBJ at
the signing of the Medicare Bill For it is in our works of art that we reveal ourselves, and to others, the inner vision which guides us as a nation. And where there is no vision, the people perish."
_LBJ Los Angeles Riot: 1965 www.lbjlibrary.org/lyndon-baines-johnson/timeline www.lbjlibrary.org/lyndon-baines-johnson/timeline www.lbjlibrary.org/lyndon-baines-johnson/timeline Lieutenant Commander of
U.S. Naval Reserves www.lbjlibrary.org/lyndon-baines-johnson/timeline www.lbjlibrary.org/lyndon-baines-johnson/timeline http://www.crimemagazine.com/taxonomy/term/4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lyndon_B._Johnson_taking_the_oath_of_office,_November_1963.jpg http://www.laprogressive.com/rick-perry-social-security/ http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1964 http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ohs/quick-fact Then Now--> http://oswegocountytoday.com/?p=116316 http://asianamerican1.blogspot.com/2010/11/civil-rights-act-of-1964.html http://thebelltowers.com/2013/03/26/shelby-county-v-holder-the-future-of-section-5-of-the-voting-rights-act-of-1965/ http://www.dol.gov/ofccp/about/ofccp_anniversary.htm http://artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true http://polysonics-corp.com/html/Kennedy_Center_117.html http://polysonics-corp.com/html/Kennedy_Center_117.html http://www.hirshhorn.si.edu/collection/song-1/#detail=/bio/doug-aitken-song-1-2/