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Chapter 11 Section 2: The Texas Revolution
Transcript of Chapter 11 Section 2: The Texas Revolution
In Canvas, go to "Discussions". Click on the discussion topic called "Bellwork for March 6, 2014".
Type your answer in the "reply" field, and hit submit.
Recognize reasons for Texans wanting independence from Mexico.
Identify the leaders of the revolution on both sides.
Stephen F. Austin
American Settlers Move to Texas
Mexico had a long, unprotected border that stretched from Texas to California.
Mexico achieved independence from Spain in 1821.
The Mexican government hired empresarios (agents) to bring settlers to Texas.
In 1822, Stephen F. Austin, one of these agents, started a colony that became known as the Old Three Hundred. Because of the success of Austin's colony, Americans began flocking to the region because of the availability of land.
Mexico thought it was losing control of the population of Texas, and banned anymore Americans from coming into the territory. This angered many Americans, and they began to think about independence for Texas.
Mexico came under the rule of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna 1833, and he turned his attention to the unrest in Texas.
Texans Revolt Against Mexico
On March 2, 1836, Texans declared their independence from Mexico, creating the new Republic of Texas.
Texans elected a president, vice-president, and made Sam Houston (a former governor of Tennessee), head of the Texas army.
Under Colonel William Travis, a small force of the Texas army took San Antonio.
The army then occupied the Alamo (an abandoned mission near San Antonio that became an important battle site in the Texas Revolution.
Volunteers from the U.S., and specifically from Tennessee, like Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie joined the Texas forces at the Alamo.
For almost two weeks, the Texans held out against Sanata Anna's much larger Mexican army, but on March 6 the Mexican army overcame the Texans, killing all the defenders of the Alamo.
Battle of San Jacinto
After the defeat at the Alamo, Sam Houston led the Texas forces east. They finally reorganized at the San Jacinto River.
Santa Anna met the Texas army here, but on April 21, 1836, Houston's army led a surprise attack on the Mexicans.
The Texas forces shouted, "Remember the Alamo!" as they attacked.
Santa Ann's army was destroyed, and he was forced to sign a treaty giving Texas its independence.
An Independent Nation
After gaining independence, voters elected Sam Houston president.
More American settlers began moving to Texas, often bringing slaves.
Most Texans hoped the U.S. would annex (take control of) Texas, but President Jackson refused because it would upset the balance of free and slave states.
Stephen F Austin; Advertisement for the Old 300; General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Houston, Travis, Crockett, and the Alamo