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Mol 2

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Carla Finger

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of Mol 2

1. Verortungen 1.1 Einflüsse Michel Serres
Michel Foucault John Law Decentering the object
Political Ontology : „Every time we act or tell, we also, at least putatively, make a difference. We always act politically. The only question is how do we do it?“ (Law 2002:7)
Material semiotics statt ANT
„The good" Bruno Latour
Donna Haraway Marilyn Strathern 1.2 The Body Multiple:
doing disease – doing theory Analogie von disease/illness und theory: „This illness is something being done to you, the patient. And something that, as a patient, you do.“ (Mol, 2002:20 ht)
Lokalität von Praxis, aber auch von Theorie, ForscherIn und Forschung 2. Kernthesen Kapitel 4: Distribution „Reality is distributed.“ (S. 96)
– Die Wirklichkeit ist verteilt. Kapitel 5: Inclusion „Objects-in-practice have complex relations.” (S. 149)
“Coexistence side by side, mutual inclusion, inclusion in tension, interference: the relations between objects enacted are complex. Ontology-in-practice comes with objects that do not so much cohere as assemble.” (S. 150) Kapitel 6: Doing Theory „Attending to the multiplicity of the body and its diseases can be done, or it can be left undone. It is an act.” (S. 151 – 152) 3. Verbindungen zur Übung „Naturen, Kulturen und Kontroversen“ 3.1 Kontroversen in The Body Multiple Argumentation gegen universelle „Vernunft“
„We do not master realities enacted out there, but we are involved in them. There are, therefore, no independent actors standing outside reality, so to speak, who can choose for or against it.“
(Mol, 2002:179 ht) Nonclosure
Differenzen bestehen, aber es entsteht keine Kontroverse – die Differenzen werden verteilt (distributed). Noncontradiction
„(...)if ‚theories’ are (...) taken (...) as diverging ways of handling reality, then a difference between them need not be a contradiction (...)“ (Mol, 2002:109 st) Konsequenzen für Beziehung zwischen Politik und Wissenschaft
Fokus auf Resonanzen und Gemeinsamkeiten
Gemeinsame Frage: "what is it to differ?" (Mol, 2002:115 st) 3.2 Wie sieht eine Mol’sche Forschung aus? Ethnographie als Praxiographie

“The praxiographic approach allows and requires one to take objects and events of all kinds into consideration when trying to understand the world.” (S. 158)

„Mol's innovation (…) eschews the whole business of “interpretation” by examining in concrete, empirical, ethnographic terms what happens in illness and its treatment. Her object is a certain category of being that we might call “that which is enacted.” She calls her work “praxiology” — the study of practices. “ – Todkill, Anne Marie (2003): „Medical Metaphysics“. 3.4 Verbindungen Marilyn Strathern „More than one, less than many“ - Marilyn Strathern (1991): Partial Connections.
Fraktale Welt
Strathern als Beispiel für praktizierte Inklusion (Mol, 2002:147f st) Donna Haraway Wissenschaft als Praxis: „Cultural practice and practical culture of technoscience – requires attention to all the meanings, identities, materialities, and accountabilities oft he subjects and objects in play“ (Haraway, 1997)
Verwischen von Grenzen, Überwinden von Dichotomien Bruno Latour Noncontradiction (siehe Mol, 2002:108 st)Lokalität von Praktiken (Latour: Pasteurization of France, 1988; Mol, 2002:140 st)Überwindung von Trennungen / Dichotomien Philippe Descola Mol als Analogistin
Analogien zwischen Verweisen aus der Literatur und ihrer eigenen Forschung (Mol, 2002:99f st)
Analogie zwischen empirischen Forschungsbefunden und akademischen Texten Ontologien: Universalismus versus Partikularismus? 4. Kritik / Fragen an Annemarie Mol Mol as a medical anthropologist „In its broadest aspect, medical anthropology may be defined as the study of the social and cultural dimensions of health and illness, together with indigenous theories of cause and treatment.“ - (A History of Anthropological Theory, P. 192) Doing Theory Ist es Mol überhaupt gelungen, eine klare wissenschaftliche Fragestellung zu formulieren?
„Presenting the body multiple as the reality we live with is not a solution to a Problem but a way of changing a host of intellectual reflexes.“ (S. 184) Ist Mol’s methodisches Vorgehen (the praxiographic approach) als eine Form der Ethnographie klar umrissen/ definiert? 5. (Weitere) Diskussionsanregungen Was ist bei Annemarie Mol "Ontologie"? Wie ist sie theoretisch und empirisch damit umgegangen und was hat sie daraus gemacht?
Wie unterscheiden sich ihre Ontologien von denjenigen anderer Autoren, die wir gelesen haben? Literatur 1. Verortungen
2. Kernthesen
3. Verbindungen zur Übung „Naturen,Kulturen und Kontroversen“
4. Kritik / Fragen an Annemarie Mol
5. Diskussionsanregung
Literatur Annemarie Mol
The Body Multiple. Ontology in Medical Practice « [T]he family of views which reject the need for principles of right action. […] They claim […] that the rightness of an action cannot be determined in advance of the particular circumstances, and that principles distract agents from the many relevant and interdependent features of those circumstances. »
Grayling, A. C. et al. (ed.)(2006): The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy Particularism in Moral Philosophy Es gibt universell gültige Prinzipien, welche nicht von individuellen Faktoren und Einzelheiten (particulars) abhängig sind.
Siehe Cane, Peter et al. (ed.)(2008): The New Oxford Companion to Law. Universalism Ashmore, Malcolm (2005): „Review: The Life Inside/The Left-Hand Side“. In: Social Studies of Science, Oct. 2005, 35/5. Sage Publications.

Erickson P. A. & Murphy L. D(2008): A History of Anthropological Theory. 3rd ed., Broadview Press.

Law, John (2009): „Actor Network Theory and Material Semiotics“. In: Turner, Bryan S. (ed.): The New Blackwell Companion to Social Theory. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Law, John (2002): Aircraft Stories. Decentering the Object in Technoscience. Duke University Press.

Mol, Annemarie (2002): The Body Multiple. Ontology in Medical Practice. Duke University Press.

Saldanha, Arun (2003): „Actor Network Theory and Critical Sociology“. In: Critical Sociology, Vol 29, issue 3, Brill.

Strathern, Marilyn (2004 [1991]): Partial Connections. Rowman Altamira.

Todkill, Anne Marie (2003): „Medical Metaphysics“. In: CMAJ, Sept. 2003, 169 (5).
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