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Realism&Naturalism

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Realism Team

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Realism&Naturalism

REALISM AND NATURALISM : A Doll's House What is Realism and Naturalism? Realism Naturalism Realism was a general movement in 19 century theater that developed with the aim of bringing real life to text and performances. Naturalism is a movement in theater that developed late 19 to early 20 century; it refers to the theater the attempts to create a perfect illusion of reality. History of Realism Why was Realism used? Elements of Realism Character Development Props and Setting Heredity Main Focus' of A Doll's House Plot Conclusion Explores Gender Roles Nora and heredity Quote: "..a little spendthrift...exactly the way you father was...it's deep in your blood." Krogstad and heredity Quote: "For their sake, I'll have to win back as much respect as possible here in this town." Dr. Rank and Heredity Questions Questions Questions Questions Questions Realism was introduced in the late 1800's to 1900's as a reaction to Romanticism. Realism was sparked when French painter Gustave Courbet only painted artworks that addressed the social issues in France Realism focused on depicting events of the time period Introduced in the west as a result of the American Civil war Reaction against what was seen in Romanticism As urbanization and industrialization expanded; rapid change caused movement of realism Increased rates of democracy and literacy Reaction to the French Revolution war 1. Character Development 2. Props and Settings 3. Heredity 4. Main Focus 5. Plot How does Ibsen portray character complexity through Nora and Krogstad in this play? How would Krogstad's character be seen by the audience if this was a Romanticism play? Nora Displayed as a house wife, who obeys her husbands rules and has very little connection with the outside world. But we soon find out she is clever and disobedient towards her husband and society. She secretly forges her dead father's signature in order to save her husband's life. By the end of the play Nora leaves her husband and children behind. Krogstad Begins the play as a antagonist. Ends the play living happily ever after with Mrs. Linde. How does Nora exemplify the theme of heredity in the play? Do you think that moral heredity is actually passed down? -What will Nora's life be like at the end of the play, after having left her family behind?

-Do you think that Nora will ever be able to achieve the "independence" that she left her husband for?

-Are there similarities between the gender roles today and of the time in which the play was written? QUESTION Do you believe that 'A Doll's House' is a good example of a realism themed play?
-Does the play truly depict "real life" and everyday events?
-Is the play believable?
-Do the characters resemble ordinary people? -Role of the Woman
Expected to put duties to husband and children before themselves
Expected to be the "ideal wife" -Role of the husband
Expected to financially support wife and family
Expected to be the dominant partner in the marriage Explores the Idea of Equal Rights Nora leaves her family to focus on her duties to herself Explores the Idea of Political Injustice The law does not consider motives
Women are unable to take loans, regardless of the situation Do you think props in this play helped present the idea of realism? What other props would you use or choose to help represent the idea of realism? What were some of the differences in how authors wrote in romanticism versus realism? 1. Focus on Real Life Events
Focused on relatable themes and more realistic situations
Big Castles and Grand locations were replaced small scale cozy settings
Modern society and modern life was played out, as opposed to the lives of kings, queens and noble men.
A Doll's House is a prime example of the use of relatable events --> Borrowing money and trying to pay it off.
2. Twisted Ending
Authors of realism felt as though the twists portrayed real life and how everything was spinning out of the regular people's control.
Portrayed in A Doll's House when Nora which a ending unforeseen by the audience

3. Detailed Directions and Descriptions

[THE SAME SCENE.—The Christmas Tree is in the corner by the piano, stripped of its ornaments and with
burnt-down candle-ends on its dishevelled branches. NORA's cloak and hat are lying on the sofa. She is alone
in the room, walking about uneasily. She stops by the sofa and takes up her cloak.] (Act II)

Enter DONA JOSEFA. A knock sounds at a hidden door. A second knock sounds

DONA JOSEFA. Is it him? So soon.

Another KNOCK.

He’s knocking at the right door.

Another KNOCK.

Quickly I’ll get it.(Act I) Therefore, realism was an absolutely new style of writing in the 19th century that shocked many and portrayed the real life events of everyday people. This fresh style used great symbolism through plain objects and introduced more realistic concepts into the world of drama and fantasy. Shocking and amazing the audience which watched it all unfold. What emotional effects resulted from this change in styles? Heredity Definition: the passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another Since realism directly relates to real life, many everyday items were used as props in these types of plays Everyday, relatable settings helped the audience get involved more with the play
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