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What is the Bible
Transcript of What is the Bible
Bible = Book Holy + Bible Two Major Divisions:
New Testament Important to Know:
Testament: from the Latin "Testamentum"
A Translation by Jerome of the Hebrew word for "Covenant" 39 Books in the Old Testament
27 Books in the New Testament
Written over a 1,500 year period
At least 40 authors participated in writing it
Composed of various kinds of literature: history, poetry, biography, etc. The Old Testament Our Goal for Tonight:
We are going to look at what makes up the Bible as we know it today. This means looking at how the Bible is arranged and what is in it. Key Terms:
Canon and Cannonical Canon refers to the entire collection of books we call the Bible. It is a complete collection to which nothing is either subtracted or added. Canon: Genesis
Deuteronomy The Pentateuch 1 & 2 Chronicles
Esther The Books of History Job
Song of Songs (Solomon)
Lamentations Books of Poetry and Wisdom Isaiah
Amos The Books of the Prophets Jonah
Malachi Obadiah Key Concept:
Major and Minor Prophets Arranged by length. Major Prophets are the long books and Minor Prophets are the short ones Joshua
1 & 2 Samuel
1 & 2 Kings Major Ideas, Themes, and Concepts
of the Old Testament God is Creator
Care for the Poor Love
Judgment Key Concept: Covenant Understanding the idea of covenant is absolutely crucial to understanding the Old Testament. The whole of the Old Testament revolves around the covenants made to Abraham, Israel, and David. Key Concept: Love The word translated as love in the OT often comes from the Hebrew word "Hesed," which means covenant faithfulness. Major Players
In the Old Testament Yahweh The Lord: Adonai
The LORD: Yahweh The Names of God
Adam and Eve Abraham and the Patriarchs Moses Israel David and the Kings
of Israel and Judah The Prophets Divisions: the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, the Letters (and Revelation). The New Testament What is it about and why is this important? The Old Testament:
John The Gospels Romans
I & II Corinthians
I & II Thessalonians
I & II Timothy
Philemon The Letters Paul's Letters:
Peter's Letters: I & II Peter I, II, & III John John's Letters:
Other Letters: Jude
Revelation The Acts of the Apostles Major Themes
of the New Testament Major Players in the NT The revelation of Jesus
The New Covenant
The People of God
The Gift of the Spirit The Kingdom of God
Christ's Return Judgment
The Power of God Jesus
The Holy Spirit
The Churches The Jewish Authorities
The New Testament:
What is it About?
Why is this Important?