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What is the Bible

A basic description of the Christian Bible with special attention given to structure, themes, and people.
by

andrew coutras

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of What is the Bible

What is the Bible? Holy = Other
Bible = Book Holy + Bible Two Major Divisions:
Old Testment
New Testament Important to Know:
Testament: from the Latin "Testamentum"
A Translation by Jerome of the Hebrew word for "Covenant" 39 Books in the Old Testament
27 Books in the New Testament
Written over a 1,500 year period
At least 40 authors participated in writing it
Composed of various kinds of literature: history, poetry, biography, etc. The Old Testament Our Goal for Tonight:
We are going to look at what makes up the Bible as we know it today. This means looking at how the Bible is arranged and what is in it. Key Terms:
Canon and Cannonical Canon refers to the entire collection of books we call the Bible. It is a complete collection to which nothing is either subtracted or added. Canon: Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy The Pentateuch 1 & 2 Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
Esther The Books of History Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Songs (Solomon)
Lamentations Books of Poetry and Wisdom Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Joel
Amos The Books of the Prophets Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephania
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi Obadiah Key Concept:
Major and Minor Prophets Arranged by length. Major Prophets are the long books and Minor Prophets are the short ones Joshua
Judges
Ruth
1 & 2 Samuel
1 & 2 Kings Major Ideas, Themes, and Concepts
of the Old Testament God is Creator
Holiness
Monotheism
Covenant
Promise
Law (Torah)
Land
Care for the Poor Love
Prophecy
Righteousness
Salvation
Honor/Shame
Election
Exile
Judgment Key Concept: Covenant Understanding the idea of covenant is absolutely crucial to understanding the Old Testament. The whole of the Old Testament revolves around the covenants made to Abraham, Israel, and David. Key Concept: Love The word translated as love in the OT often comes from the Hebrew word "Hesed," which means covenant faithfulness. Major Players
In the Old Testament Yahweh The Lord: Adonai
God: Elohim
The LORD: Yahweh The Names of God
Adam and Eve Abraham and the Patriarchs Moses Israel David and the Kings
of Israel and Judah The Prophets Divisions: the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, the Letters (and Revelation). The New Testament What is it about and why is this important? The Old Testament:
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John The Gospels Romans
I & II Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
I & II Thessalonians
I & II Timothy
Titus
Philemon The Letters Paul's Letters:
Peter's Letters: I & II Peter I, II, & III John John's Letters:
Other Letters: Jude
Hebrews
James
Revelation The Acts of the Apostles Major Themes
of the New Testament Major Players in the NT The revelation of Jesus
The New Covenant
Grace
Faith
The People of God
The Gift of the Spirit The Kingdom of God
The Gospel
Righteousness
The Promise
Salvation
Christ's Return Judgment
Suffering
Freedom
Discipleship
Unity
Holiness
The Power of God Jesus
The Twelve
Paul
The Holy Spirit
The Churches The Jewish Authorities
The Romans
The Gentiles
The New Testament:
What is it About?
Why is this Important?
Full transcript