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The Articles of Confederation
Transcript of The Articles of Confederation
What was the Articles of Confederation?
The government wanted a new way to rule the 13 states, so they decided to establish their own political institutions
resulted to the Articles of Confederation
decided on a bicameral (two house/branches)
The people didn't want a strong, heavy handed central government, and wanted independence as well
Took more than a year to agree on a draft
More than 4 years to actually adopt the Articles of Confederation
Main Conflicts with the New Plan
Problems with Britain and Spain
Essential Question: Why was the Constitution important?
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By: Sophia Pan
Thank you! Have a good, great, wonderful, amazing, awesome, stellar day!
Challenges, Problems, and Failures
Because of the loose alliance with the states, it left the government little authority
government couldn't enforce legislation, had no force over individual citizens, and couldn't regulate commerce with trade
people were cautious in placing too much power in the Continental Congress's hands, so the government couldn't do much
there weren't many ways to raise money, so they were in the danger of being in debt
States had trouble agreeing with each other
Britain continued to occupy the Great Lakes region
government sent John Adams over
weren't successful -the British pointed out that the U.S. failed to honor
promises on the Treaty of Paris.
Spain decided to close the lower MI River
government tried to come to an agreement with them
southern states objected because it didn't include the right
created a federal system that divided power between the government and the states
the government had power to tax, regulate trade, control currency, raise an army, and declare war
could pass laws that were necessary and proper for taking care of responsibilities
produced the legislative, executive, and judicial branch -they divided them; each branch had their own power and responsibility
"We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect union, establish Justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."
-Preamble of the Constitution
Government couldn't collect taxes
Continental Congress printed their own paper money, which made the value lower
Prices of foods soared, which led to riots
Continental Congress was in debt
~borrowed money from citizens and foreign governments during the war
~owed revolutionary soldiers their pay for military service
~tried to request funds, but since the states weren't required to contribute, only a small portion was given
couldn't force states to carry out its laws
all 13 states had to agree to any amendments, making it hard to correct problems and agree on decisions
in order to pass a law, nine states had to vote in favor for it
bigger states wanted more than one vote, since they had larger populations
"...and the Union shall be perpetual;nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them; unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the U.S, and be afterwards confirmed by the Legislatures of every state."
-The Articles of Confederation
What were some benefits from the Articles of Confederation?
there was guaranteed freedom of religion and trial by jury
made a first attempt to stop the spread of slavery in the U.S.
focused on business, like selling western lands
Americans won their independence from Britain
expanded foreign trade
aided with settling and governing the nation's western territories