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Transcript of The Holocaust
Solution The undoubtedly horrific persecution and mass-murder of Jews and other minorities is known to us as the Holocaust. Under the rule of dictator Adolf Hitler, the Nazi Party succeeded
in killing over six million people. What is the Holocaust? The Holocaust takes place starting
from January 30th,
1933 – when Hitler becomes
chancellor – until May 8th, 1945. Before Hitler’s reign, the Jewish
population of Europe stood at
over nine million. Most European
Jews lived in countries
that Nazi Germany would occupy
or influence during World War II. The Nazis frequently used
euphemistic language to
disguise the true nature of
their crimes. They used the
term “Final Solution” to refer
to their plan to annihilate the
Jewish people. It is not known when the leaders of Nazi Germany definitively decided to implement the "Final Solution." The genocide, or mass destruction, of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of increasingly severe discriminatory measures. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, many of the survivors found shelter in displaced persons (DP) camps administered by the Allied powers. Between 1948 and 1951, almost 700,000 Jews emigrated to Israel, including 136,000 Jewish displaced persons from Europe. Massive Killings After the June 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union, SS and police units began massive killing operations. By autumn 1941, the SS and police introduced mobile gas vans. These paneled trucks had exhaust pipes reconfigured to pump poisonous carbon monoxide gas into sealed spaces, killing those locked within. They were designed to complement ongoing shooting operations. In 1942, systematic mass killing in stationary gas chambers began. As victims were "unloaded" from cattle cars, they were told that they had to be disinfected in "showers." The Nazi and Ukrainian guards sometimes shouted at and beat the victims, who were ordered to enter the "showers" with raised arms to allow as many people as possible to fit into the gas chambers. The tighter the gas chambers were packed, the faster the victims suffocated. The Nazis constantly searched for more efficient means of extermination. At the Auschwitz camp in Poland, they conducted experiments with Zyklon B. Zyklon B pellets, converted to lethal gas when exposed to air. They proved the quickest gassing method and were chosen as the means of mass murder at Auschwitz. At the height of the deportations, up to 6,000 Jews were gassed each day at Auschwitz. murder of approximately six million Jews and other minorities
led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
lasted from January 1933 - May 1945
"Final Solution" was created in order to 'cleanse' Europe's population
gassing prisoners and mobile killing units were common
prisoners were forced to participate in 'death marches' toward the end of the Holocaust to prevent liberation and survivors "The Holocaust: An Introductory History." The Holocaust: An Introductory History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/history.html>. "HolocaustÂ Facts." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/holocaustfacts.htm>. "Holocaust History." Gassing Operations. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005220>.