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Marxism and Neo-Marxism

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Jack Amoureux

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Marxism and Neo-Marxism

marxism and neo-marxism
Neo-marxim and int'l Politics
context
Conclusion
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
Marxism: a theory
1. A scientific explanation of social relations
Historical materialism
Change through a dialectic process (contradictions in the social order)
Tribal
Communal
Feudal
Capitalist
Communist
Materialism
Ideology/political forms
1. Forces of production
2. Relations of production / class relations
(tools, machines, materials)
(slavery, serfdom, employment)
e.g., the king, lord
e.g., natural slavery, God's will
2. A critique of capitalism
industrialism
capitalism's bourgeoisie/proletariat
natural rights (individual and property)
the free market
democracy
3. Class consciousness
“The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.”
Communist Manifesto
Industrial Revolution
Transformation requires consciousness
People are free and equal, but…
Political process is open and democratic, but…
IR Theory beyond the 'Great Powers'
The imperialism of capitalism
Domestic pacification
Forms of exploitation
Colonialism

Elite co-optation

International Economic Governance
core
Periphery
B
P
B
P
1
1
3
3
(flows of wealth)
(investment and payments)
(resources and labor)
(higher wages, cheaper goods from periphery)
?
disparity in wealth and power between countries
challenges to the int'l order by the less powerful
conflict over lesser powers, not just between more powerful
http://www.colbertnation.com/the-colbert-report-videos/397648/september-21-2011/wall-street-under-siege?xrs=share_copy
Contemporary relevance?
BASE
SUPERSTRUCTURE
Classes, not states
Commodification of labor
Exchange is coerced, nor freely chosen
subsistence wage, profit taken
undemocratic
Depoliticization of economic life
capitalist ideology represents free market as natural, objecitve and freely chosen
public/private distinction
fill-in-the blank
Full transcript