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Modern Art

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Aliya M

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of Modern Art

Modern Art The History of Modern Art Impressionism 1870-1890 Colourful style of painting that came about in France at the end of the 19th century The impressionists experimented with light and colour in nature One of the most important Impressionist painters was Claude Monet Post Impressionism 1885-1905 Was not a particular style of painting It was a title given to the works of a few independant artists at the end of the 19th century One of the most important artists that emerged during this time was Vincent Van Gogh Impression Sunrise

Claude Monet
1873 Woman with a parasol- Madame Monet and her son

Claude Monet
1875 Starry night over the Rhone

Vincent Van Gogh
1888 Cafe terrace at night

Vincent Van Gogh
1888 Fauvism 1905-1910 Fauvism artists used outrageously bold colours
The artists became known as "les Fauves" which translates to "wild beasts"
The artists believed that colour should be at its brightest, to express the artists feelings about a subject.
The main characteristics of fausim paintings are the extremely simplified drawings, and the use of intense bold colours Henri Matisse 1869- 1954  Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869 in Le Cateau-Cambresis in northern France.

 At the age of 21 Matisse discovered painting and decided to become an artist

 In 1891 he travelled to Paris to study art

 In 1897 Matisse was introduced to the work of Vincent Van Gogh and he was very fascinated and changed his style completely
 In 1905 Matisse and a group of artists exhibited together at the Salon d'Automne.

 The show brought Matisse fame and his “Woman with the hat” was purchased by American writer and modern art collector Gertrude Stein.

 In the 1940’s Matisse began creating cut paper collages

 Some of his greatest paintings include "Woman with the Hat" (1905), "The Dance" (1910), "Red Fish" (1911) and "The Moroccan in Green" (1913 Woman reading Dinner table Dance Icarus Cubism 1907- 1915 Was invented in Paris by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque

It was the first abstract style of modern art.

Cubist paintings ignore the traditions of perspective drawing and show you many views of a subject at one time

In cubist paintings the artist may show the front and the side of a person's face at the same time. Study of torso (age 12 or 13) Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain

At age 7 Picasso began receiving instruction from his father

In 1895 he got accepted to Barcelona’s School of Fine Arts ( age 14)

At the age of 16, Pablo's father enrolled him in Spain's most distinguished art school, Madrid's Royal Academy of San Fernando. In 1900 Picasso travelled to Paris

By 1905, he had become a favorite of American art collectors Leo and Gertrude Stein.

In 1907, Picasso painted one of his most important works - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

He is best remembered as the co-founder of Cubism, and for Cubist works Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), Three Musicians (1921) and The weeping Woman (1937). Picasso's copy of Phillip IV ( age 16) Blue period self portrait The open window Les Demoiselles d'Avignon self portrait The weeping Woman Three Musicians Surrealism 1924- 1939 The Surrealists aim was to liberate the artist's imagination by tapping into the unconscious mind to discover a 'sur-reality'

The Surrealists drew upon the images of dreams

The movement broke up at the outbreak of war in 1939 when several of the Surrealists left Europe for New York Salvador Dali Salvador Dali was born May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Spain.

By 1921 he convinced his father that he could make a living as an artist and was allowed to go to Madrid, Spain, to study painting.

Dali's first contact with the surrealism movement was through seeing paintings; he then met other surrealist artists when he visited Paris, France, in 1928.

Some well known examples of his work are The Lobster Telephone, Mae West Lips Sofa and the Persistance of memory. self Portrait Basket of bread Geopoliticus child watching
birth of new man The persistance of memory Pop art 1954- 1970 Pop Art was colorful, young, fun and hostile to the artistic establishment.

It included different styles of painting and sculpture from various countries

What they all had in common was an interest in popular culture.

The images of celebrity and consumerism by Andy Warhol and the comic book iconography of Roy Lichtenstein represent the style as we know it today. Andy Warhol Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1928

Went to Carnegie Institute of Technology, where he graduated in 1949

Right after college, Warhol moved to New York. He quickly earned a reputation in the 1950s for using the blotted-line technique in numerous commercial advertisements.

Warhol's first exhibition in an art gallery came in 1962 at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. In 1962, he discovered the process of silk screening.

He immediately began making paintings of celebrities, most notably a large collection of paintings of Marilyn Monroe.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Warhol continued to paint. He also began publishing a magazine called Interview and several books about himself and pop art. Coca Cola Painting Marilyn Monroe Campbell's Soup can Guernica The lobster phone Mae west lips sofa Woman with hat Michael Jackson
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