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Jamestown & Plymouth

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Sarah Ryan

on 2 September 2015

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Transcript of Jamestown & Plymouth

The Settlements of Jamestown & Plymouth Rock
The Pilgrim’s Experience
Relations with Powhatans...
“The lands yields an abundance of fish, endless supply of deer, and hares, with many fruits and roots. There are hills and mountains making a sensible offer of hidden treasure, never yet searched.”
Company Colonies
Investors created a
joint-stock company

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Example: The London Company or Virginia Company (mentioned in Disney's Pocahontas)
They Got a Little Smarter…
Virginia Colony
Super Horrible Movie!!!
1. Why go from here to there?
2. What is so special about moving to a place so far away?
Points to Ponder
Much different from Jamestown:
They had more women, so there were more families
They wanted more children to work the fields
They did not need or want slaves
The Mayflower Compact worked out, but they still had trouble...
Pilgrim Community
—Helped the Pilgrims; lived in Europe (he was captured as a slave, but escaped back to America) and spoke English
Squanto taught Pilgrims:
Before pilgrims, European fishermen came to this part of America (along the coastline)
Pilgrims & Indians
The Pilgrims’ Landing
First attempt at self-government in the English colonies

Why do you think they felt it necessary to establish a gov’t for themselves?
Mayflower Compact
—document written by Pilgrims to establish fair laws for the general good
Landing Gone Wrong
Nathan died of fever, rebellion lost its luster
Rebels ran away
23 caught & were hung
Indian relations lost
Colonists feared indentured servants uprising again
If indentured servants could rise up against the Indians, they could rise up against anyone.
Higher rate of slavery used
Rebellion Results
Bacon’s Rebellion

-Led by Nathan, with help from the indentured servants
Unhappy Colonists
Bad conditions
Governor wouldn’t allow elections
High taxes
Lack of available farmland
Farmed on Indian land
Went against treaties
Nathanial Bacon

Poor, Landless VS Planters
Indentured Servants vs. Slaves
Servants were more common
Servants cheaper to bring over
Demand > Supply of people willing to do the harsh work
High death rates
shortage of workers
Indentured Servants:
A HIGH Need for Workers
Problem starting families
Men to women: 7-1
Promises of marriage for women
Average Life spans:
Men 40, Women 30
People lived on farms rather than towns
Headright System

Extra 50 for any other people paid for
Allowed for tobacco plantations
Daily Life in Virginia
Fell in love with Rolfe
1614 marriage=peace
1617 she dies in England
Colonists no longer dependent on Indian’s food
Care less about allies
Wanted their land to grow tobacco
Pocahontas was the chief’s daughter
Jamestown colonists kidnapped her a while back
Held her for ransom for all English prisoners
…yeah, they never gave her back…
She was submerged into English culture
Language, customs, dress, etc.
Relations with the Powhatan
1609, 400 more settlers arrived
Same boat took Smith away (he had a gun shot wound)
“Starving Time”:
John Smith OUT…
Built on peninsula
Major drawbacks
Another Doomed Attempt?
First ships set sail
April 26, 1607
Three ships
144 Men
The Virginia Company
The Mayflower
Rolf made Jamestown profitable by growing smoking tobacco
Grew VERY well in Virginia
Successfully exported tobacco to England
30 tons to England from 1612-1619
30 Volkswagen beetles or 10 airplanes in weight
…John Rolfe IN
Brought food to colonists
Taught them how to grow corn
Powhatan Confederacy:
Powerful alliance of Indians
The Powhatan's Help Too!
Smith took control of the colony in 1608

He leaves a year later…
John Smith Continues to Save the Day!!
Not John Smith
Not John Smith
John Smith
John Smith
John Smith Saves the Day!!
Take 1 & 2
English Colonies
Roanoke Island
Coast of North Carolina
Only funded by the leader
Take One:
Leader: Ralph Lane
100 men
Doomed from the beginning
Take Two:
Leader: John White
117 men, women, & children
“deserted, plundered, …”
"The Lost Colonists"
Horrible Histories!
Jamestown colonists killed a Powhatan Leader
Powhatan attacked the settlers
350 men, women, & children died
Including John Rolfe
Survivors burned Indian villages
Fighting lasted 20 years
London Co. could not bring supplies or military aid fast enough
Crown canceled their charter
Many people invest together
Poorly prepared
Most men just wanted adventure or to get rich
Others wanted to spread their religion to natives
No men with useful skills
No doctors, farmers, carpenters, etc
Swampy land
Lack of good farmland
Surrounded by Indian Settlements
No safe drinking water
Could not grow food
Started: 144 men
39 lost on trip
66 lost over winter
No one painted with all of the colors of the wind.
I'm sorry.
Forced settlers to work
You don't work, you don't eat!
Built better housing
Reduced deaths from starvation & weather exposure
Tribes of Virginia
Drought bad for crops
No trading with Indians
Barricaded inside fort for winter
Ate horses, dogs, rats, and rubber from shoes
Only 1/38 alive after winter
wealthy farmers with large plantations
gave 50 acres of land to colonists who paid their own way to Virginia.
had a free ride to N. America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
How is an indentured servant contract the same as a student who gets a full ride athletic scholarship to a college?
Wealthy planter, relative of governor
Attack against Indians & colonial gov’t of Virginia
1st—attacked peaceful Indians
2nd—burned Jamestown to the ground
Fun Fact
--There was no actual "rock" at Plymouth Rock. This legend wasn't started until 100 years AFTER their landing. The cliffs were a little rocky if that counts for anything...
Oh, and they didn't wear the silly outfits with the hats and shoes with buckles. Nope. All lies. Sorry kiddos.
Poor, rocky farmland made it hard to grow crops...also it was cold
Bad fishing & hunting grounds
They did have a strong community
New settlers arrived
…bad for the Indians...
Colonists felt they had right to own farmland
Women had rights!!
Pilgrims were more educated because they had to learn how to read and write.
Brought disease
Disease killed Indians
Deserted villages & empty fields
Pilgrims helped themselves to the ready fields
How to plant corn
Where to catch fish
Fertilize soil
Established other Indian relations
Horrible Histories!
Virginia Company Song :)
Jamestown, Fort James, James River...any guessing on the name of the King of England??? :)
or London

"In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord, King James, by the Grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, e&. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia; do by these presents, solemnly and mutually in the Presence of God and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid; And by Virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the General good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In Witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, King James of England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620."

There followed the signatures of 41 of the 102 passengers, 37 of whom were Separatists fleeing religious persecution in Europe.
This compact established the first basis in the new world for written laws. Half of the colony failed to survive the first winter, but the remainder lived on and prospered.

The Mayflower Compact
Was Jamestown Profitable??
75% of Virginia colonists were indentured servants
Many died before end of term
Pilgrims--Long Story Short...
Separatists—Protestants who wanted to "separate" from the Church of England.
—a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons
People who come to a new country after leaving the land of their birth
There were groups in England who wanted to worship their own way. They were called...
These Separatists were often thrown into jail for not following England's religious laws.
The Separatists decided to move from England to the Netherlands so they could practice their religion in peace, but they didn't like it there because....(Listen :)
Instead of staying in the Netherlands, they decided to hitch a ride to The New World...
A small group of Separatists joined others who were headed to Jamestown, Virginia. There were a total of 100 men, women, and children. Those were were not Separatists were going to the New World to find gold so they could get rich.
They were suppose to take two ships, but one had a leak, so they all piled into one ship--The Mayflower.
At this point, the small group who were Separatists became known as...
Well, the group was suppose to land near Jamestown and live by the rules of the Virginia Company, but they were WAY off course and landed ALL the way up in present day Massachusetts...in the dead of winter...without much food...or a government to keep the peace between them. To keep order and establish rules, they created the...
So anyway, they landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts in late November. They stayed in the Mayflower over the winter, after which they struggled to build settlements. Many died because of cold and sickness. Half of them died.
PS-They called the large area of land "New England," because they came from England. That is why it is called "New" York, "New" Hampshire, and "New" Jersey. There are places in England called "York," "Hampshire," and "Jersey." Get it??
Jamestown is in the Southern Colony of Virginia
Plymouth, where the Pilgrims landed, is north in Massachusetts.
Here are your next steps for the day:
-Complete the Plymouth VS Jamestown Activity Sheet
-Complete the Plymouth The Gist Activity
-Complete the British section of the Colonization Journal Map (the map inside your journal)
-Don't forget about your Colonization Schoology Quiz due on Monday! You get two chances and I will take your best score.
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