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OHI Disability Guide

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Allison Arroyo

on 24 June 2013

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Transcript of OHI Disability Guide

Strategy and Intervention Practices
Examples of OHI:
Other Health Impairments Definition
IDEA Definition
In the News: Popular Press
Living with ADHD
This video gives an idea what it is like to live with ADHD.
Student Resources
Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder
Parent Resources
A Disability Guide
Written by: Allie Arroyo and Caitlin Carr
SPED 637: Summer 2013

Other Health Impairments
Teacher Resources
In the News: Peer Reviewed Articles
Ask questions and
know what to look for
when students
are taking medications
Ensure your classroom promotes good health
and social acceptance
your own
"bag of tricks"
Remember that
no 2 students with
ADHD, Epilepsy,
or Asthma
will be exactly the same
Life at School for Students with OHI
and understanding of disability or health condition
Family Caregiver Alliance: National Center on Caregiving

This site features a section about epilepsy, its facts
and symptoms, treatment options, and recommended readings. The website as a whole would be a valuable source to anyone who finds themselves in a caregiver role. There are fact sheets and health information, caregiving tips, and ways to connect with other caregivers to share stories and offer support to one antoher.
Relevant Resources for Any & All
National Association of
Special Education Teachers:

This website was created to provide advice, insight, and tools that can help make handling epilepsy just another part of the school day." This site has background information about epilepsy and features lesson plans for teachers to use from preschool to grade 12. There are classroom resources that include how to explain and respond to a seizure in the classroom. Lastly, there are resources like an example of an incident form to be used if a seizure has occurred, tools teachers can use to prevent bullying, and additional resources for parents.
Epilepsy Classroom

CHADD's website provides education, advocacy, and support for those people with ADHD. The site also features a membership option where people can join to learn more about ADHD or gain support from others with the disorder. CHADD's site includes important information like updated research and current trends regarding ADHD, its medications and its treatments.
Epilepsy Foundation
Education World

Education World has a section of its website dedicated to providing strategies for teachers to use to help students with ADHD. The site provides 20 tips for teachers to use when teaching students with ADHD and additional resources that teachers can use to learn and explore even more about ADHD
Asthma and Allergy Foundation
of America

This site includes education, advocacy, and research about Asthma. It provides an overview of Asthma and the different types. The site also includes information about allergists and clinics, educational resources, support groups, etc. The AAFA's site also features strategies for asthma relief that teachers can use in their classrooms.
Kid's Health

This site would be extremely helpful for students with epilepsy. It features information about the types of seizures, treatment options, latest news, programs, and resources. Students with epilepsy can use this site to find out more about Camp Achieve, a summer camp that they can attend, other support group activities and events, School Alert, Seizure Tracker, and scholarships opportunities.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention: cdc.gov
Attention Deficit/
"Other health impairment: having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that—

1, Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette syndrome; and
2. Adversely affects a child’s educational performance. "
Other Health Impairment is one of the 14 categories of disabilities listed in our nation’s special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Under IDEA, a child who has an “other health impairment” is very likely to be eligible for special services to help the child address his or her educational, developmental, and functional needs resulting from the disability.
"A persistent pattern of inattention and/
or hyperactivity -impulsivity that is more
frequently displayed and more severe
than is typically observed in individual
at a comparable level of development."
A neurological condition that causes seizures. A seizure is a temporary interruption in brain function in which groups of nerve cells in the brain signal abnormally and excessively usually lasting a few seconds to a few minutes. Seizures may produce changes in awareness or sensation, involuntary movements, or other changes in behavior.
A chronic lung condition that can result in attacks characterized by difficulty breathing, wheezing, couching, excess mucus, sweating, and chest constriction.
Understanding Epilepsy
This video gives a brief overview of Epilepsy.
This article discusses how asthma and insomnia are correlated to each other.
Teachers Guide to ADHD offers teacher's useful data-based tools to help students with ADHD succeed in a classroom. Johnson and Reid use a combination of hands on experience and the knowledge of ADHD and the treatment to guide teachers. Properly training teacher's to support students and teach essential strategies to help students succeed. With the specific directions and samples help given to the teachers the intervention process should be effective. To be fully successful, working with other school professionals and parents are necessary and are strongly stressed in the article.

Reid, R., & Johnson, J. (2012). Teacher's guide to ADHD / Robert Reid, Joseph Johnson. New York : Guilford Press, 2012.
Article 1
Article 2
Epilepsy (The Facts), is an article that gives the readers the truth about Epilepsy. Its a guide to help suffers of epilepsy and others the information of the disease. The cause and effect of epilepsy is discussed in a clear easy way; basic descriptions and definitions of seizures. Different forms of treatments is discussed, drug or non-drug forms. The article discusses the effects on a person and their life.

Appleton, R., & Marson, T. (2009). Epilepsy [electronic resource] : the Facts. Oxford : OUP Oxford, 2009.
Article 3
Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma in Children, gives a detailed overview of a asthma diagnosis and treatment. The article discusses the incidence, aetiology, presentation, assessment and diagnosis, management and treatment.

Redwood, T., & Neill, S. (2013). Diagnosis and treatment of asthma in children. Practice Nursing, 24(5), 222-229.
provide written, pictorial, or voice recorded instructions
provide a note-taker
create a checklist of tasks
break complex instructions into smaller tasks
be flexible about time missed
allow for frequent breaks
provide extra time for assignments
provide a private area for working or recovering
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
General Difficulties
Frequent Absences
Acting out
Related Services
Special Educator
School Counselor
School Nurse
Focus on a
specific behavior
to improve
Offer more
positive reinforcements
negative consequences
Give praise and reward appropriate behaviors
Know when to
ignore certain behaviors
Be Consistent
This website has a vast amount of information about Other Health Impairments and other disabilities. For OHI, the site has fact sheets, examples (Mario's Story, Jeremy's Story), information about interventions and help children can receive, and resources for parents, families, and teachers.
National Dissemination Center
for Children with Disabilities: nihcy.org
Although this site is for Special Education teachers, the information is really relevant to anyone who wants to learn more about special education services. There are sections about special education and the law, transition services, IEP development, conferences and workshops available, and publications that would help anyone to learn more about disabilities.
This site features information people can use to improve their health. CDC's site provides information about prevention of disease, injury,disability, etc. Data guides, current research, articles, academic effects, and additional resources for OHI are included on CDC's website.

This site would be really helpful for students who want to learn more about Asthma. Simple language, interesting pictures, and videos are used to help the child to better understand . There are also sections about where to go for help, stories about dealing with certain feelings, and even games and movies for the students to enjoy.
Strategy and Intervention Practices
In 2004 according to the U.S. Department of Education, about 449,093 students between the ages of 6 to 21 years of age were identified as having other health impairments. This represents approximately 7.5 % of all students having a classification in special education, or less than 1% of all school-age students.
Asthma 411
This website gives a parent all the information that will need if their child has asthma. It gives helpful tips, facts, triggers, symptoms and resources. Most importantly it teaches a person how to use an inhaler and when to call 911.
ADD/ADHD Parenting Tip:Helping Children with Attention Deficit Disorder
http://www.helpguide.org/mental/adhd_add_parenting_strategies.htmThis website helps give helpful tips and resources to parents who's children has ADHD. It discusses the impact of the child with ADHD, parents, and other siblings within in the family. Detailed tips are given for the parent to help their child succeed inside and outside of a classroom.
Additional Document Attached
Full transcript