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Transcript of Hatchet
An author can share the character either directly or indirectly. Direct characterization is when the author
the reader what the character is like. Indirect characterization is when the author
the reader what the character is like through their thoughts and actions.
The exposition introduces the reader to the setting, characters, situation, and conflict.
Brian is a 13-year-old boy who got on a private plane, with only a pilot, to see his father in Canada. The pilot teaches Brian how to fly the plane for fun. Later on in the flight the pilot had a heart attack and died. Brian started freaking out. He had to fly the plane on his own and find a safe place to make a landing in the Canadian woods. Brian will have to figure out how to survive once he lands the plane.
Plot: Inciting Incident
The inciting incident is when the action first starts. It grabs your attention. It leads to the conflict.
The inciting incident in Hatchet was when the pilot died and Brian had to land the plane on his own. "The very core of him, the very center of Brian Robeson was stopped and stricken with a white-flash of horror, a terror so intense that his breathing, his thinking, and nearly his heart had stopped...He was alone...Alone" (pg. 12). He could live or die in the woods all by himself.
Plot: Rising Action
Plot: Falling Action
The falling action is the action that happens after the climax and leads to the resolution. The story is not as exciting as it had been because the action is slower now.
The resolution is when the falling action is over and the conflict is resolved.
Brian tries to use the transmitter in the plane to see if someone would find him. There is one pilot who heard Brian - "I heard your emergency transmitter- then I saw the plane when I came over...You're him, aren't you? You're that kid..." ( pg.184). Brian was lucky because the pilot was close by and heard the transmitter. The pilot said people "quit looking, a month, no, almost two months ago." (pg. 184). The conflict of whether Brian would survive or not was over now - he survived!
The theme is the main idea that the author is trying to get across to the reader. The author can state the theme directly or indirectly.
Hatchet had several themes. One theme was not to lose hope and have a positive attitude. Another theme was man vs. nature and how to survive.
Point of View
Point of view is the way the author tells the story. The point of view for Hatchet is third person limited, which means the the author reveals the thoughts and feelings of only one character. The author tells the story through Brian's eyes.
The rising action is the events that make the reader excited as the suspense grows before the climax.
The author told the reader in Chapter 1 that Brian Robeson is a 13-year-old boy from Hampton, NY and his parents are divorced (pg. 2). He lives with his mom during the school year and lives with his dad during the summer (pg. 6). The author told the reader there was a secret (pg. 3) between Brian's mom and dad. Brian knew his "mother caused the divorce" (pg. 3) by kissing another man who was not his father (pg. 66).
The author shows the reader Brian is anxious through his thoughts. He is afraid he will die if no comes to look for him. He is not sure how long he will survive without food or water; he starts to panic thinking he "might starve" (pg. 124). Brian realizes he will have to find his own food and water if he wants to survive.
The author told the reader the pilot is in his mid-40's and his name is "Jim or Jake or something" (pg. 1). He is quiet at the start of the plane ride and only spoke "five words"(pg. 1) to Brian - "Get in the copilot's seat" (pg. 1). He teaches Brian how to fly the plane by "taking Brian's left arm. 'Here, put your hands on the controls, your feet on the rudder pedals'" (pg. 4).
Eating Turtle Eggs
Brian finds turtle eggs and then eats some of them. He buries the rest of the eggs in the sand, but then a skunk comes, finds, and eats them. Both Brian and the skunk needed food and they were competing for it. This conflict is external - Brian vs. animal.
He had to make a fire every night to stay warm and to make food. He started to search for things to make a fire. First, he needed "tinder or kindling" (pg. 84) so he tried using dried grass but that did not work. He tried breaking twigs apart but that did not work either. He tried using grass and twigs, but that did not work. He shredded a twenty dollar bill, but that did not work. He finally used bark for fuel (pg. 88). He learned that he needed "oxygen - there had to be air." (pg. 88) to keep the fire going. This conflict was external - Brian vs. nature.
Prickly Porcupine Needles
Brian heard a noise in his tent. He "threw the hatchet at the sound" but it hit a rock and "his leg was instantly torn with pain as if a hundred needles had been driven into it." (pg. 77). He touched the needles in his calf and he knew the attacker was a porcupine. He had to pull the quills out of his leg, which was painful. This conflict was external - Brian vs. animal.
Close Call with a Bear
After collecting more berries, he heard a noise and saw a bear. "It was black, with a cinnamon-colored nose, not twenty feet from him and big" (pg. 72). The "bear stood up on its hind legs, half up, and studied Brian, .... then lowered itself and moved slowly to the left, eating berries..." (pg. 72). This conflict was external - Brian vs. the animal. Brian was afraid of the bear and thought it "could have eaten him and he could have done nothing." (pg. 72).
He ate berries growing in the forest. He was so hungry that he "could not stop and kept stripping branches and eating berries by the handful, grabbing and jamming them into his mouth and swallowing them pits and all." (pg. 62). A little while later he was "vomiting and with terrible diarrhea" (p. 65). The berries were poisonous and he did not know it. After he was found, he researched the berries. He found out they were "gut cherries or choke berries" (pg. 187). The conflict was external - Brian vs. nature.
The setting is the time and place where the action happens. There are two settings in Hatchet.
Hampton, NY Airport
Cessna 406 Cockpit
Cessna 406 Airplane
The small plane has two seats and a single engine.
This is the airport where Brian was dropped off by his mother.
Thirteen-year-old Brian Robeson sat in the "copilot's seat with all the controls right there in front of him ..." (pg. 2).
The author shows the reader Brian is inventive and resourceful because he had to think about what he needed and then figure out how to get or make it to survive.
He built tools to get food. He tried to spear the fish in the lake with a long stick. He built several bows. The first one was too stiff of wood and it cracked. The second bow was able to bend. He made a bowstring using one of the laces from his "tennis shoes" (pg. 120). He built an arrow by using a "thread from his tattered old piece of windbreaker and some pitch from a stump to put slivers of a feather on a dry willow shaft" (pg.142).
He used his hatchet to protect himself and his food. This tool allowed Brian to survive.
The first setting is on a plane. The plane was a Cessna 406 that took off from Hampton, NY and was headed to Canada. Two passengers were on board: and a pilot. "It was a small plane, a Cessna 406 - a bushplane- and the engine was so loud ..... it would ruin any chance for conversation......" (pg.1).
The second and main setting are woods in Canada near an "L-shaped" lake with "rounded corners" (pg.26). Brian landed the plane on an "open lane, a channel of fallen trees, a wide place leading to the lake" (pg. 27). The forest was made up of pines, spruce, low brush, and aspens (pg. 37). There were small hills - "almost hummocks" in the country around the lake (pg. 37).
kin.dling (kind-ling) noun.
Small, thin pieces of wood used for starting fires.
tinder (tin'der) noun.
Readily combustible material, such as dry twigs, used to kindle fires.
hum.mock (hum'ek) noun.
A low mound or ridge of earth
Before he got on the plane, his mother gave him a hatchet that could go around his belt. Mom said "The man at the store said you could use it. You know. In the woods with your father." (pg. 8).
Brian built a shelter by "dragging sticks up from the lake and pulling long dead branches down from the hill ....with these he interlaced and wove a wall across the opening of the front of the rock" (pg. 63).
He made a ladder to keep his food away from the animals. He used his hatchet to turn a "dead pine tree" into a ladder by "chopping the branches off so they stuck out four or five inches, all up along the log..." (pg. 129).
FOOD Shelf / LAdder
He got "fire from the hatchet" (pg. 83). He swung his hatchet against rocks to create sparks that would make fire.
He used his hatchet to "cut through the aluminum" (pg. 168) to get at the emergency survival kit in the plane.
Choke or Gut Cherries
Choke cherries are found in Alberta, Canada.
"Description: Bush or small tree, 2 m to 5 m tall, and the trunk up to 4 cm wide.
Leaves: Leaves of choke cherry are dark green above and lighter underneath, 2.5 cm to 7.5 cm long, egg-shaped or broadly oval with a pointed end, and have sharply-toothed edges. Their shape — widest above the middle of the leaf with a short pointed tip — distinguishes the plant from pin cherry, whose leaves are widest below the middle and taper gradually to a point.
Flowers: Flowers are white, each 1 cm to 1.5 cm across, and hang in dense popsicle-shaped clusters up to 15 cm long (about 35 flowers). Each flower has 5 petals.
Fruit: Berries are red, ripening to bluish black, less than 1 cm in diameter, and have a fairly large stone. The fruit hangs off the branches in a long, drooping cluster of 6-12 berries.
The bark of the choke cherry tree is grey-brown or reddish. Bruised twigs give off a bitter odor of almonds. This is the only member of the genus without a grayish coating that wears off.
Choke cherry buds (in winter) are sharply pointed and 3 to 4 mm long. The bud scales are dark brown with pale edges." (Alberta Plant Watch website)
These are rodents that have quills, or sharp spikes, that they show when they are defending themselves.
American black bears are omnivores, which mean they eat plants, fruits, nuts, insects, honey, salmon, and small mammals. Sometimes they will kill baby deer or moose calves.
Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles. They have been around for over 215 million years. They lay their eggs in the sand.
Large Turtle Eggs
Black Bear. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-ujfJVJlrqj4/UaVxAQ_RuaI/AAAAAAAADBY/CDBITmQDhAI/s320/bear+spray+ban.jpg>.
Cessna 406 Bush Plane. Plane Land Site. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://www.plane-land.net/tag/cessna-406-bush-plane-pictures/>.
Cessna 406 Cockpit. Goggle Images. Web. 3 Nov. 2013.
"Choke Cherry." Alberta Plant Watch. Plone Foundation, n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://plantwatch.naturealberta.ca/plant-information/choke-cherry>.
Eh-airport. Wikipedia. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eh-airport.jpg>.
"Fact Sheet Black Bear." Defenders of Wildlife. Defenders of Wildlife, 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://www.defenders.org/black-bear/basic-facts>.
First Aid Survival Kit. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://learnhowtobeprepared.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/first-aid-survival-kit-1.jpg>.
"Fun Turtle Facts For Kids." Science Kids. N.p., 13 July 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animals/turtle.html>.
Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-zwKBc6_XKQk/T5sQ52D0X1I/AAAAAAAAAAA/l-jT8jFlYTQ/s1600/anna%2B001.jpg>.
Google Images. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://bondsbookclub11.wikispaces.com/file/view/Scanno_panorama_lago_04.jpg/222658172/Scanno_panorama_lago_04.jpg>.
Google Images. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://www.survivormall.com/v/vspfiles/assets/images/xt511big.jpg>.
Gut Cherries. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-C_8U5XX8DJo/Tgolb06QYKI/AAAAAAAAAVk/ACXFQ02TaiA/s1600/cherry.jpg>.
Hatchet. School Library Journal. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://blogs.slj.com/afuse8production/2012/06/04/top-100-childrens-novels-23-hatchet-by-gary-paulsen/>.
"Hummock." The American Heritage Dictionary. 2nd. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company , 1985. 627. Print.
"Kindling." Scholastic Children's Dictionary. New York, NY: Scholastic, 2002. 289. Print.
Large Turtle Eggs. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://www.divetime.com/images/cms/assets/0/1430-large_turtle_eggs.jpg>.
Map of Canada. Google Images. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://www.trailcanada.com/images/map-canada.jpg>.
Melee Hatchet. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://images1.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20110209091642/fallout/images/7/78/FNVMeleeHatchet.png>.
Paulsen, Gary. Hatchet. New York, NY: Simon Pulse, 1987. Print.
Plot Diagram. Google Images. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://www.revolutionherald.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/plot-diagram-2.jpg>.
"Porcupine." Google. Google, n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <https://www.google.com/search?q=porcupine&oq=porcupine&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l2j69i61j69i59j0.4231j0j8&sourceid=chrome&espv=210&es_sm=93&ie=UTF-8>.
Porcupine. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://bioexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Wild_Porcupine_600.jpg>.
Red Fire and Flames. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://images2.layoutsparks.com/1/33626/red-fire-and-flames-31000.jpg>.
"Tinder." The American Heritage Dictionary. 2nd. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company , 1985. 1272. Print.
Tornado. Google Images. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://extremeplanet.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/saroma-tornado-pic.png?w=560>.
Twenty Dollar Bill. Google Images. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VFJkIUBhENA/TZymStj5oMI/AAAAAAAAAI8/UJRD7XvQMQU/s1600/twenty-20-dollar-bill.jpg>.
Wild Porcupine. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://bioexpedition.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Wild_Porcupine_600.jpg>.
Winter Camp Set-Up. Google Images. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-U3FQvt-RCXc/Tu-tG79TdoI/AAAAAAAAAB8/pEF8dJ7aUmU/s1600/111219_005.jpg>.
The plot is what happens in the book. The events happen in a certain order: exposition, inciting incident, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
Map of CANADA
Brian used a $20 bill as kindling.
This is a picture of the lake where Brian landed the plane.
The climax is the most exciting or suspenseful part of the story.
I thought the most exciting part was when there was a tornado. "It was wind, wind like the sound of a train, with the low belly roar of a train. It was a tornado. That was it." ( pg.149). Then all of Brian's survival things were gone. Brian had to remake everything.
In Hatchet, the falling action is when Brian is trying to get the transmitter in the plane to work so that someone might be able to save him. "There was a coil of wire held together on the side by tape and it sprung into a three-foot-long antenna when he took the tape off. No speaker, no lights, just a small switch at the top and the bottom he finally found in small print: Emergency Transmitter." (pg.181)