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SUBJECTS AND PREDICATES

PLEASE ENJOY THE EPIC JOURNEY YOU'RE ABOUT TO EMBARK ON AS YOU ENJOY YOUR JOURNEY INTO ENGLISH!
by

Katy Kilday

on 22 August 2010

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Transcript of SUBJECTS AND PREDICATES

SUBJECTS AND PREDICATES SUBJECT: THE "WHO" OR "WHAT" OF A SENTENCE

PREDICATE: WHAT THE SUBJECT DOES SIMPLE SUBJECT: ONLY ONE SUBJECT
i.e. THE EASTER BUNNY PUT EGGS IN A BASKET.
* The subject of this sentence is the Easter Bunny. COMPOUND SUBJECT: MORE THAN ONE SUBJECT
IN A SENTENCE
i.e. THE EASTER BUNNY AND HIS PERSONAL ASSISTANT PUT EGGS IN THE BASKET.
*The subjects of this sentence are the Easter Bunny AND the personal assistant. SIMPLE PREDICATE: WHEN THE SUBJECT
ONLY DOES ONE THING
i.e. The old lady gave candy to the
trick-or-treaters.
*The predicate is "gave" COMPOUND PREDICATE: WHEN THE SUBJECT DOES
MORE THAN ONE THING.
i.e. The old lady gave candy to the trick-or-
treaters and told them a ghostly tale.
*The predicate is "gave" and "told" THE IMPLIED "YOU"
sentences that have "you" as the subject can be tricky. many times it will be implied. For example: "Talk to Mom."
*While the word "you" is never used, it is implied that "you" should talk to Mom.
BASIC RULES FOR SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
be direct; try not to crowd the sentence
with too many words
don't lose focus; don't wander away from the subject at hand
SINS OF THE WRITER
for every sentence, you
MUST have at least one subject and
predicate
make sure your subject and
predicate don't get lost among
too many descriptive words don't let subjects and
predicates drift too far
apart
don't have false starts
i.e. "I think this book will set you
straight."
* Instead, put "The book will set you
straight." PLEASURES
fragments can be used to punctuate an idea
you don't always need a subject AND a verb to grab someone's attention
What not to do:
"It understood you just as far as you
wanted to be understood, believed in you as you would like to believe in yourself, and assured you that it had precisely the impression of you that, at your best, you hoped to convey." (Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby pg.48)
*while subject and predicate are present, attention is taken away from both with descriptive words. What you should do
"...The river had fallen by more than
six feet by dawn friday."
(Paine, Young, and Haas, the Tennessean)
*this sentence is a good
example for what
you should do
because it gets
straight to
the point. THE END :-)
Full transcript