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Joseph Stalin: Hero or Villain?

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by

Tyler Ochs

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of Joseph Stalin: Hero or Villain?

Josef Stalin: Hero or Villain?
Who was he?
Cold Hearted
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Poor farmers starved by not being to grow food during the famine. And what did grow was taken from them to feed others. (Pawlichka, Famine Testimony, 1981)

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Massacred kulaks (rich farmers) and Jews in the Soviet Union. They were either shot or deported to labor camps. (Karatnycky, Forced Famine in the Ukraine: A Holocaust the West Forgot, 1983)

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Millions worked to death in Siberian Labor camps. Another cause of these deaths were overexposure, malnutrition and diseases. ( Stewart, Stalin's mass murders were 'entirely rational' says new Russian textbook praising tyrant, 2010)
Frightful
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Fear became a part of everyday life. Everyone was afraid of the people they lived with or worked with. ( Antonov-Ovseyenko, Portrait of Tyranny, 1981)

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People quickly began to lie about the people they did not like to the police. No one trusted anyone and hundreds suffered because of this. (unknown, Life in USSR under Stalin, 2008)

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Stalin began to erase people, books and family photos were changed. People acted like they never knew the person, knowing they were either dead or dieing slowly. ( Jones, Stalin’s Purges, 1999)


Crazed Psychopath
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In Stalin's world, both friends and rivals, intimates and unknown millions, were “Temporary People.” No one mattered, not even his own son. (Kakutani, His Cure-All Was Murder, 2004)

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He never gave up killing people. There was always a reason for him to never stop. It never stopped until he was dead. ( unknown, Killer of the masses, 1953)

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Stalin killed anyone who was a “threat” to his power. Old and new allies were not safe at all. (Ghosh, How Many People Did Joseph Stalin Kill?, 2013)
Historiography
Knowing when and where an article is written can help with knowing about the article. The study of this is called historiography. Studying dates can help when figuring out the view of the article. If something is written about the WW1 during the 1930's then it is more likely to get an eye witness account. But if it was written 2000's you are more likely to get facts and what went on as a whole then one little area. Also knowing what the author thinks of the topic will help. If the author was writing for the Americans about what is going on during WW1, they are most likely writing about how great they are. Knowing where an author is from can help. Peoples view of Stalin may change over time is due to more and more facts coming up over what he did during his rule. When more facts come up and the more people see what the out come was, their views began to change
Opposite Perspective

Joseph Stalin, hero or villain? The debate over this leaders rule over Russia has been going on for years. The few years after is rule ended, everyone thought he was a villain responsible for murdering millions of Russians. While the years have been going on more and more facts have come up to show how he is a hero. But still people say he is a villain. Some reasons being he is one is that he was a cold hearted killer, with no value for human life. He also made people fear him, through killing innocents who were suspected of treason. Being a crazed psychopath is another reason, he was paranoid and on edge about everyone.
Joseph Stalin was a hero for many different reasons. Stalin increased the using of modern technologies throughout Russia. It's energy resources became much more abundant and easier for people to access.(Howarth,Twentieth Century History, 1979) He helped industrialized Russia making it one of the world's power countries. He made a backwards country and turned it all around. (Stalin, Speech, 1929) With the two 5-year plans he also increased food by the millions. Wheat went from being in at least 20 million tons a yeatr to 40 million tons a year. (unknown, Two 5-year plans, unknown)
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