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IF CLAUSES (CONDITIONAL CLAUSES)

If clauses are also known as conditional clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled.
by

Pilar Torres

on 20 April 2016

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Transcript of IF CLAUSES (CONDITIONAL CLAUSES)

IF CLAUSES
If clauses are also known as conditional clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled.
There are five types of conditional sentences.
Zero Conditional
Conditional Sentence Type 1
Conditional Sentence Type 2
Conditional Sentence Type 3
Mixed Type
ZERO CONDITIONALS
If + Simple Present,Simple Present
If you heat the metal, it expands.
If you heat snow, it melts.
If you boil water , it evaporates.
If you go round the world , you return to the same point.
The door opens if you turn the switch.
I usually eat a few biscuits if I get hungry before lunch time.
Just for fun :)
We use zero type :
to describe rules and scientific facts.
for situations that are generally true.
CONDITIONAL TYPE 1
We use first conditionals to talk about possible future events.
If + Simple Present Tense, Future Tense
If he gets any worse, I'll take him to the doctor.
If I don't get into the academy this year, I'll try again next year.
If you don't hurry up we'll be late.
If I don't get into the academy this year, I'll try again next year.
CONDITIONAL TYPE 2

We use second conditionals to talk about impossible future events.
If + Simple Past, would
What would you do if you lost your job?
If I put the books near the radiator, the heat might damage them.
If I were you I'd take some tissues to the cinema.
It would be quite an upset if they didn’t come to my party.
If I didn't apologize I'd feel guilty.
CONDITIONAL TYPE 3
We use third conditionals when It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled. Because it refers to the past.
if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)
If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.
I would have sent her an invitation if I had found her address.
If John had had the money, he would have bought a Ferrari.
I would have passed the exams, if I had studied.
MIXED CONDITIONALS
Sometimes unreal conditional sentences are mixed. This means that the time in the if-clause is not the same as the time in the result.
Past + Present
If I had won the lottery, I would be rich.
If I had taken French in high school, I would have more job opportunities.
Past + Future
If she had signed up for the ski trip last week, she would be joining us tomorrow.
If Mark had gotten the job instead of Joe, he would be moving to Shanghai.
Present + Past
If I were rich, I would have bought that Ferrari we saw yesterday.
If Sam spoke Russian, he would have translated the letter for you.
Present + Future
If I didn't have so much vacation time, I wouldn't go with you on the cruise to Alaska next week.
Future + Past
If I weren't going on my business trip next week, I would have accepted that new assignment at work.
Future + Present
If I were going to that concert tonight, I would be very excited.
If Sandy were giving a speech tomorrow, she would be very nervous
.
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